Author Archives: Mukul


Ascites is a common complication of cirrhosis and is marked by an excessive accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Generally speaking, fluid retention — including ascites, peripheral edema and pleural effusion — is the most frequent complication of end-stage liver disease.

In approximately 15 percent of cases ascites is caused by certain types of malignancies in the gastrointestinal tract or in the ovaries, Hodgkin’s lymphoma,non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and metastatic carcinoma in the abdominal cavity. It is also linked less often with heart failure, tuberculosis, pancreatitis and even hypothyroidism.

The fluid in the abdominal cavity develops when protein leaks from the liver and the intestines. If it is just a small collection of protein-rich fluids, it may be difficult to detect. However, as more and more fluid leaks into the abdomen, dramatic swelling, discomfort, shortness of breath, loss of appetite and pressure on the lungs may occur.


There are two main types of ascites and they are:
1. Uncomplicated Ascites:
In this type, the fluids are not infected. This type is broken into three levels:

Grade 1: Mild; an ultrasound is required to detect fluids

Grade 2: Moderate; symmetrical distention and swelling of the abdomen occurs

Grade 3: Severe; large or extreme distention of the abdomen occurs

2.Refractory Ascites:
When fluid buildup cannot be reduced by a low sodium diet or diuretics, it is considered refractory, meaning that more aggressive treatment may be required.

Ascites can occur in children where it is most commonly associated with liver, kidney and heart disorders. The symptoms are similar to those found in adults and treatment is similar.

Signs & Symptoms:
Common symptoms of ascites include:
*Shortness of breath
*A feeling of fullness
*Large belly develops quickly
*Swelling in the ankles and legs
*Loss of appetite
*Abdominal distention with mild to moderate discomfort
*Painful abdominal distention
*Muscle wasting


Causes of high serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG or transudate) are:

*Cirrhosis – 81% (alcoholic in 65%, viral in 10%, cryptogenic in 6%)
*Heart failure – 3%
*Hepatic venous occlusion: Budd–Chiari syndrome or veno-occlusive disease
*Constrictive pericarditis
*Kwashiorkor (childhood protein-energy malnutrition)
*Causes of low SAAG (“exudate”) are:
*Cancer (metastasis and primary peritoneal carcinomatosis) – 10%
*Infection: Tuberculosis – 2% or spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
*Pancreatitis – 1%
*Nephrotic syndrome
*Hereditary angioedema

Other rare causes:
*Meigs syndrome
*Renal dialysis
*Peritoneum mesothelioma
*Abdominal tuberculosis

Risk Factors:
*Alcohol consumption
*Low protein diet
*History of jaundice
*History of chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C
*Type 2 diabetes
*Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
*Cardiac disease
*Certain types of cancer
*Kidney disease

Routine complete blood count (CBC), basic metabolic profile, liver enzymes, and coagulation should be performed. Most experts recommend a diagnostic paracentesis be performed if the ascites is new or if the patient with ascites is being admitted to the hospital. The fluid is then reviewed for its gross appearance, protein level, albumin, and cell counts (red and white). Additional tests will be performed if indicated such as microbiological culture, Gram stain and cytopathology.

The serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) is probably a better discriminant than older measures (transudate versus exudate) for the causes of ascites.[8] A high gradient (> 1.1 g/dL) indicates the ascites is due to portal hypertension. A low gradient (< 1.1 g/dL) indicates ascites of non-portal hypertensive as a cause.

Ultrasound investigation is often performed prior to attempts to remove fluid from the abdomen. This may reveal the size and shape of the abdominal organs, and Doppler studies may show the direction of flow in the portal vein, as well as detecting Budd-Chiari syndrome (thrombosis of the hepatic vein) and portal vein thrombosis. Additionally, the sonographer can make an estimation of the amount of ascitic fluid, and difficult-to-drain ascites may be drained under ultrasound guidance. An abdominal CT scan is a more accurate alternate to reveal abdominal organ structure and morphology.

Ascites is generally treated while an underlying cause is sought, in order to prevent complications, relieve symptoms, and prevent further progression. In patients with mild ascites, therapy is usually as an outpatient. The goal is weight loss of no more than 1.0 kg/day for patients with both ascites and peripheral edema and no more than 0.5 kg/day for patients with ascites alone. In those with severe ascites causing a tense abdomen, hospitalization is generally necessary for paracentesis.

Natural Ascites Treatments:
*Restrict salt intake and focus on following a diet designed for high blood pressure.
*Eat fresh vegetables and fruit, lean proteins, organic dairy products and sprouted whole grains.

*Eat small meals, more often. High-protein smoothies and nutrient-dense small snacks and meals derived from plant sources may help relieve some symptoms while keeping you satiated.

*Avoid toxins and chemicals by eating organic foods whenever possible.

*Drink coconut water if you are on a liquid-limiting diet. It doesn’t take as much coconut water to keep you properly hydrated.

*Drink dandelion root tea to increase urinary frequency and volume, which helps to reduce edema and fluid retention.

*Take Branched Chain Amino Acids and increase BCAA through diet by eating more grass-fed beef, wild-caught salmon, raw grass-fed cheese, ancient grains like quinoa and high-quality whey protein.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.This is purely for educational purpose.




Other Name: Myometrium

Adenomyosis is an enlarged uterus caused by growth of endometrial tissue into the uterine tissue. This means that the lining of the uterus grows into the wall and muscle of the uterus. The tissue keeps working just like the uterine lining — it gets thicker and then breaks down every month during your period.

It is not clear how common adenomyosis is since many women do not have symptoms. Estimates range from 5 percent to 70 percent, but 8 percent to 30 percent is probably a more accurate range. It is most common in women in their 40s and 50s who have had children.


Adenomyosis depends on estrogen circulating in a woman’s body. When the estrogen levels go down (for example, at menopause or after a hysterectomy), adenomyosis symptoms stop.

The cause of adenomyosis remains unknown, but the disease typically disappears after menopause. For women who experience severe discomfort from adenomyosis, certain treatments can help, but hysterectomy is the only cure.

Sometimes, adenomyosis is silent — causing no signs or symptoms — or only mildly uncomfortable. In other cases, adenomyosis may cause:

*Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding

*Severe cramping or sharp, knifelike pelvic pain during menstruation (dysmenorrhea)

*Menstrual cramps that last throughout the period and worsen as one gets older

*Pain during intercourse

*Blood clots that pass during the period

*Pain in the pelvis or belly

The uterus may get bigger. Although it may not be felt enlarged,
but one may notice that her lower abdomen seems bigger or feels tender.

Adenomyosis causes are mostly unknown. However, expert theories about a possible cause include:

*The endometrial tissue invades the uterus

*The tissue was there from the time your body was formed as a fetus

*Inflammation from childbirth disrupts the boundary between the endometrium and uterine wall

*Bone marrow stem cells enter the uterine tissue and cause new growth of endometrial tissue

*Stem cell origins. A recent theory proposes that bone marrow stem cells may invade the uterine muscle, causing adenomyosis.

The causes of the uterus to be enlarged.:-
In the case of adenomyosis, uterus enlargement is caused by endometrial cells growing throughout the normal uterine tissue. Endometrial tissue thickens naturally as part of its growth and shedding process. The uterus may also become inflamed, or swollen, from the misplaced endometrial tissue, which can also increase its size. Finally, it is common for women with adenomyosis to have other growths in the uterine wall that can increase the size of the uterus.

Regardless of how adenomyosis develops, its growth depends on the circulating estrogen in a woman’s body. When estrogen production decreases at menopause, adenomyosis eventually goes away.

Risk factors:
Risk factors may include:

*Being in your 40s or 50s

*Having had more than one pregnancy

*Previous surgery on the uterus, including C-sections and some types of abortions

*Use of tamoxifen for breast cancer

Most women with adenomyosis do not require treatment. The condition is hard to diagnose and many times can only be confirmed after a hysterectomy. For women who are close to menopause, treatment may be less aggressive than for younger women unless symptoms are severe. This is because adenomyosis usually disappears after menopause, when estrogen levels drop.

For women with adenomyosis symptoms, conventional treatment may include:

*Over-the-counter (OTC) anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen.

*Hormonal birth control. Pills that have a combination of estrogen and progestin or patches or rings that have this combination are sometimes prescribed to relieve pain and bleeding. Progestin-only pills or intrauterine devices can also cause periods to stop, which also stops period-related symptoms.

*Tissue destruction. Procedures such as endometrial ablation and MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery try to destroy the endometrial tissue that is causing adenomyosis. These procedures may not work for everyone and more research is needed.

*Hysterectomy. This is surgical removal of the uterus. It permanently cures adenomyosis but is a major surgery. Adenomyosis hysterectomy is only done for women who have severe symptoms and who do not wish to have any more children.

Natural treatments for adenomyosis generally involve managing the menstrual pain and bleeding caused by the condition.

Natural tips for managing adenomyosis symptoms include:

*Use heating pads

*Get massage therapy or acupressure

*Try herbs and supplements

*Altering the diet


*Ask about TENS

Herbs and supplements:
A wide variety of herbal remedies have been used throughout history and around the world for painful, long or heavy periods. Some options with research supporting their usefulness for pain relief, mood improvement, or bleeding reduction include:

*Valerian: A high-quality study found that valerian was effective at reducing pain during a period when given in 255 milligram doses three times per day for three days at the start of a period, for two periods in a row. The researchers believe the herb worked because of its antispasmodic effects.

*Rosa damascena (Damask rose): A study compared the use of a painkiller to Rosa damascena extract on painful periods. The two worked equally well and were effective in reducing pain intensity.

*Chinese herbal medicine: Some research suggests that combinations of Chinese herbs may help with painful periods. The most popular (based on prescriptions in Taiwan) are Corydalis yanhusuo, Cyperus rotundus, and Dang-Gui-Shao-Yao-San, or combinations containing these herbs.

*Rhubarb (Rheum emodi): Women taking capsules of rhubarb powder twice a day for two days before their period started and throughout the first three days of their period had a significant decrease in pain and its duration. In this study, other symptoms and quality of life were also better after taking the capsules to treat their period-related pain.

*Vitamin B1 and vitamin E: In a review of human studies, vitamin B1 at 100 milligrams per day was identified as an effective pain relief option for painful periods. A review of trials using herbal and dietary supplements to treat period-related symptoms found positive effects for women who had painful periods taking vitamin B1 and vitamin E.

*Frankincense and myrrh: In a study in mice with painful periods (measured by signs of pain such as writhing), myrrh water extract, frankincense extract and a combination of the two were effective at reducing inflammation and pain. Although the doses in the study are not scaled for humans, the anti-inflammatory and pain-relief abilities of these herbs may also help women with painful periods.

*Magnesium: In a review of studies of natural pain relief for painful periods, magnesium was effective at reducing pain. However, the studies used different doses so there is no clear dose that is known to be the best option.

*Omega-3 fatty acids: In a small trial comparing fish oil to placebo pills, fish oil was more effective at relieving menstrual pain.

*Chamomile: In a large review of natural therapies for menstrual pain, one study was identified that found chamomile to be more effective than OTC non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Other possible herbs and supplements with some support in terms of formal research include fenugreek, fennel, ginger, chasteberry, cumin, a combination of fish oil and vitamin B1, peppermint, “true” cinnamon or Cinnamomum zeylanicum, thiamine, pyridoxine, zataria, and zinc sulphate.

In general, however, there is virtually no data on safety. If you choose to use herbal remedies or supplements for menstrual pain or heavy bleeding, do so with caution. Consult a health care professional before you start any new herbs or supplements, since they can interact with other medications.

Yoga with meditation will help a lot & cure the disease from the root.


Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.This is purely for educational purpose.




The definition of astigmatism is “a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature. This results in distorted images, as light rays are prevented from meeting at one common focus.”

In other words, vision problems that result from an astigmatism are due to a “refractive error,” or how light hits the eye. Astigmatism is not an eye disease, such as glaucoma, because the affected eye itself can be perfectly “healthy.” It’s also not usually age-related, as it can affect younger people who otherwise have no nerve damage, such as neuropathy due to diabetes, which often damages the eyes.


An astigmatism is due to nerve damage or other causes. Light reflects and focuses abnormally, so images are not as crisp or clear as they could be.

Although astigmatism may be asymptomatic, higher degrees of astigmatism may cause symptoms.The most common signs and symptoms of astigmatism include:

*Blurred vision, especially around the edges of an object. Blurred vision can affect both near and distant vision.

*Double images or distorted images. When an astigmatism is bad, some people describe seeing as if they are viewing image through glass that has an irregular surface.

*Headaches, especially when squinting often.

*Eye strain or eye fatigue.

*Inability to see both near and distant objects without squinting. This can cause pain in the head or near the eyes after reading, being on a computer, or trying to focus.

*Blurring and pain usually become worse when reading small print and towards the end of the day, after trying to focus for many hours.

*Letters or shapes can appear thin or thinner than normal, compressed, stretched, or tilted. You might see better in some directions than others (vertically, horizontally or diagonally) or recognize some letters or shapes more easily than others (O versus X).

It’s totally natural and most people are born with it. The exact cause is not very clear. One can also get it after an eye injury, eye disease, or surgery. There’s a myth that you can get it if you read in low light or sit too close to the TV, but that may not be true.

Light entering the eye is not focused on a single point on the retina, so objects both near and far become blurred or distorted producing an effect similar to looking through a pane of wavy glass.

Risk factors & Complications:

Certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing nearsightedness, such as:

*Family history. Nearsightedness tends to run in families. If one of  the parents is nearsighted, then risk of developing the condition is increased. The risk is even higher if both parents are nearsighted.

*Reading. People who do a lot of reading may be at increased risk of myopia.

*Environmental conditions. Some studies support the idea that a lack of time spent outdoors may increase the chances of developing myopia.

Nearsightedness may be associated with several complications, such as:

*Reduced quality of life. Uncorrected nearsightedness can affect   quality of life. One might not be able to perform a task as well as one’s wish. And his or her limited vision may detract from  enjoyment of day-to-day activities.

*Eyestrain. Uncorrected nearsightedness may cause the patient  to squint or strain his or her  eyes to maintain focus. This can lead to eyestrain and headaches.

*Impaired safety. One’s  own safety and that of others may be jeopardized if  one has  an uncorrected vision problem. This could be especially serious if he or she  is  driving a car or operating heavy equipment.

*Other eye problems. Severe nearsightedness puts one  at a slightly increased risk of retinal detachment, glaucoma and cataracts.

To dianose one need to have a thorough eye exam. The doctor may also find another problem — he or she could be nearsighted or farsighted. Because astigmatism symptoms come on slowly, one should go to an eye doctor if he or she notices changes in his or her vision.

Almost all cases can be corrected with glasses or contacts. But if you only have a slight astigmatism — the doctor may refer to it as a degree — and the patient don’t have another vision problem, he or she may not need them.

Irregular astigmatism is far less common and is linked to problems with our cornea, the front part of the eye. A common one is keratoconus, in which your normally round cornea becomes cone-shaped.

There are two treatments for the common levels of astigmatism:

Corrective lenses. That means glasses or contacts. If one has astigmatism, the doctor will probably prescribe a special type of soft contact lenses called toric. They can be made to bend light more in one direction than the other. If the case is more severe,then he or she might go with a gas-permeable rigid contact lens. The eye doctor will figure out which one is best for the patient.

Refractive surgery. This laser surgery changes the shape of the cornea. There’s more than one type, so the doctor will help the patient to pick the one that’s right for he or she. The patient needs to have healthy eyes with no retina problems or corneal scars.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.This is purely for educational purpose.



Other Names: Ear acupuncture, Auriculoacupuncture

Auriculotherapy is a form of alternative medicine based on the idea that the ear is a micro system, which reflects the entire body, represented on the auricle, the outer portion of the ear. It is a health care procedure in which stimulation of the auricle of the external ear is utilized to alleviate health conditions in other parts of the body. While originally based upon the ancient Chinese practices of acupuncture, the somatotopic correspondence of specific parts of the body to specific parts of the ear was first developed in France. It is this integrated system of Chinese and Western practices of auricular acupuncture which is presented.


Conditions affecting the physical, mental or emotional health of the patient are assumed to be treatable by stimulation of the surface of the ear exclusively. Similar mappings are used in many areas of the body, including the practices of reflexology and iridology. These mappings are not based on or supported by any medical or scientific evidence.

Auriculotherapy is needle-less stimulation of the external ear for alleviating pain and dysfunction in other parts of the body. Auriculotherapy uses electricity to diagnose and treat auricular acupoints (acupuncture points on the ear). The external part of The ear is considered a “Microsystem” of the body. Microsystems are like small images of the whole body, located in different locations on the body and in this case, the ear. The ear is a complete Microsystem of the human body. All parts of the body are represented in an inverted pattern on the ear. There are other Microsystems in the body but the ear has been shown through research to be the most effective Microsystem. This is due to the type of tissue that makes up the ear and due to its direct connection to the nervous system, which controls every single cell and bodily function.

Auriculotherapy works by stimulating the central nervous system through the cranial nerves and spinal nerves on the auricle (external ear). This stimulation results in neurotransmitters being stimulated within the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system. This stimulation of neurotransmitters modulates the pain and modulates nerve function beginning the healing process within the body to that organ or body part that is affected.

Auriculotherapy is performed by the doctor using electricity (micro-current) as a means to diagnose and treat auricular acupoints. There are over 200 auricular acupoints on each ear that represent all parts of the body and many functional areas of the body.

The doctor uses a small hand held wand that has two functions, it diagnoses by measuring the differences in skin conductivity in relation to the acupoint, and is also used to treat the acupoint. The wand measures the positive and negative polarity (differential) of acupoint and surrounding tissue. When there is a large difference in polarity, either positive or negative, it is indicative of the presence of an injury, pathology or disease in that part of the body that corresponds to the acupoint. If the point is extremely negative or extremely positive, the machine will automatically stimulate the ear point with electrical stimulation positively or negatively as needed. This is all done with the touch of a button on the wand. The machine, which is called a Stim-Flex 400A is the most advanced equipment in the field and allows the doctor to diagnose pain, dysfunction, and disease whether it be somatic, visceral or psychological in origin.

1.Fight overweight:
One of the biggest demands of people who go to auriculotherapy is to lose weight, because of the help that can provide this therapy to this purpose. This is one of the benefits that can be achieved, as it not only helps prevent fluid retention and eliminates toxins, but also fights the anxiety that is experienced when dieting.

This therapy helps in the thinning process, but by itself does not cause weight loss and requires a healthy and balanced diet, combined with regular practice of some physical activity.

2.Gynecological disorders:
Another field in which it has a great demand is in the gynecological for its proven results trying different problems like dysmenorrhea (menstrual pain). It is also advisable when one suffers an abrupt cessation of menstruation due to large uterine spasms, which can also cause problems for a woman to become pregnant since the contractions are so strong that the sperm passage is blocked.

3.Pain management:
Specialists in this alternative therapy assure that it has great results in the treatment of different types of pain such as sciatica, headaches, or neuralgias, as well as functional and organic disorders such as constipation, asthma, vertigo or insomnia.

4.Psychological approaching:
The emotional disorders such as anxiety, stress or depression. The release of endorphins manages to positively alter the body and makes the patient find a better predisposition to deal with everyday situations.

5.Gain weight:
In several cases it helps to gain weight through the appropriate points in as it increases appetite.As well as it helps in losing weight, it allows the gain of the same for those who require it.

An additional advantage of auriculotherapy compared to acupuncture, with which it is closely linked, is that working with spheres in surface contact with the skin avoids any risk of infection caused by needle pricks.

Kown Hazards:
The primary side effect of ear acupuncture or Auriculotherapy is tenderness or inflammation to the ear itself. This is usually very rare. Auriculotherapy and acupuncture generally have almost no side effects, especially if the doctor is using Auriculotherapy with electrical stimulation,which is how it is performed.

Infection is possible when the skin is pierced with the acupuncture needle, but is never heard of in Auriculotherapy. If the patient is afraid of needles, Auriculotherapy is a painless alternative to ear acupuncture. If the doctor is using the Electro-Therapy Association’s guidelines for treatment, there are virtually no negative side effects.

Auriculotherapy is contraindicated in patients that are in their first trimester of pregnancy and for those patients who have certain types of pacemakers or defibrillator’s.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only.



Other Name: Zone therapy


Reflexology is gentle manipulation or pressing on certain parts of the foot to produce an effect elsewhere in the body.
It is an alternative medicine involving application of pressure to the feet and hands with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without the use of oil or lotion. It is based on a pseudoscientific system of zones and reflex areas that purportedly reflect an image of the body on the feet and hands, with the premise that such work effects a physical change to the body.

There is no convincing evidence that reflexology is effective for any medical condition.

There is no consensus among reflexologists on how reflexology is supposed to work; a unifying theme is the idea that areas on the foot correspond to areas of the body, and that by manipulating these one can improve health through one’s qi.(a “material energy”, “life force”, or “energy flow”. As per the central underlying principle in Chinese traditional medicine and in Chinese martial arts.)


Reflexologists divide the body into ten equal vertical zones, five on the right and five on the left. Concerns have been raised by medical professionals that treating potentially serious illnesses with reflexology, which has no proven efficacy, could delay the seeking of appropriate medical treatment.

Reflexologists posit that the blockage of an energy field, invisible life force, or Qi, can prevent healing. Another tenet of reflexology is the belief that practitioners can relieve stress and pain in other parts of the body through the manipulation of the feet. One claimed explanation is that the pressure received in the feet may send signals that ‘balance’ the nervous system or release chemicals such as endorphins that reduce stress and pain. These hypotheses are rejected by the medical community, who cite a lack of scientific evidence and the well-tested germ theory of disease.

Reflexology’s claim to manipulate energy (Qi) is unsupported by science; there is no scientific evidence for the existence of life energy (Qi), ‘energy balance’, ‘crystalline structures,’ or ‘pathways’ in the body.

In Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial, Simon Singh states that if indeed the hands and feet “reflect” the internal organs, reflexology might be expected to explain how such “reflection” was derived from the process of Darwinian natural selection; but Singh says that no argument or evidence has been adduced.

Medical uses:
Reviews from 2009 and 2011 have not found evidence sufficient to support the use of reflexology for any medical condition. A 2009 systematic review of randomized controlled trials concludes: “The best evidence available to date does not demonstrate convincingly that reflexology is an effective treatment for any medical condition.”

In 2015 the Australian Government’s Department of Health published the results of a review of alternative therapies that sought to determine if any were suitable for being covered by health insurance; reflexology was one of 17 therapies evaluated for which no clear evidence of effectiveness was found.

The benefits of reflexology include its ability to stimulate nerve function, increase energy, boost circulation, induce a deep state of relaxation, eliminate toxins, stimulate the central nervous system, prevent migraines, and treat urinary tract conditions. This type of massage speeds up recovery after an injury or surgery, reduces sleep disorders, and relieves depression and pain. Furthermore, it can help to ease the treatment of various types of cancer and even help to soothe the pain of pregnancy, even the one occurring after delivery.

Whether you work in an office, a factory, a field, a hospital, or anything in between, there is a good chance that you put a lot of weight and stress on your feet every day. It is not always the back, stress can manifest itself in the other parts of our body too. People often opt for massages, so it makes sense that there should be foot massages too, right? Reflexology is much more than a foot massage, but at its foundation, that’s the easiest way to describe the process. This specific area of massage therapy also includes hands and ears, making it a holistic massage.

Several studies funded by the National Cancer Institute and the National Institutes of Health indicate that reflexology may reduce pain and psychological symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, and enhance relaxation and sleep. Studies also show that reflexology may have benefits in palliative care of people with cancer.

Reflexologists claim that reflexology also can treat a wide variety of medical conditions, such as asthma, diabetes and cancer. However, scientific evidence is lacking to support these claims.

Reflexology is generally considered safe, although very vigorous pressure may cause discomfort for some people.

Known Hazards:
Cold or Flu:
Reflexology is generally considered to be a safe therapeutic method, but in some cases, people have developed cold or flu-like symptoms afterwards. Practitioners refer to this as a healing crisis that occurs as the body eliminates harmful toxins. You may experience a runny nose from sinus congestion or cough up mucus from the lungs as the bronchial passages clear.

You might notice yourself yawning; in fact, falling asleep during treatment and feeling tired afterward is pretty normal. If you experience both fatigue and a headache, it may be anxiety, which many people experience at the onset of illness or when beginning a new treatment therapy. Some people also develop headaches when they feel tired; since these two side effects seem to go hand in hand, a headache usually disappears once your energy returns.

Emotional Reactions:
You might experience various emotional reactions during or after reflexology treatments. Some people feel relaxed or like laughing, and others feel like crying. An intense state of relaxation may even make you feel lightheaded. If feeling emotional is uncomfortable, try to be gentle with yourself and trust that any overwhelming feelings should pass.

Sensitive Feet:
Tenderness, increased sensitivity, tingling, or a pins-and-needles sensation in the feet are temporary side effects during or following the first reflexology session.

Uncommon Side Effects:
Nausea, excessive sweating, insatiable thirst and skin rashes are other possible side effects. Reflexologists say that nausea may be due to the effect of eliminating toxins from your body. Drink plenty of water to help to ease the discomfort. Staying well hydrated also helps remove toxins from the kidneys, bladder and liver. Another way to fight nausea is to take small bites and chew slowly when you eat. Do not eat foods that are high in fat or sugar, as these take longer to digest. Some people may experience more frequent urination or bowel movements for a day or two afterward, as the body detoxes.

Duration of Side Effects:
Side effects normally don’t last for more than 24 hours, but in some cases, individuals may continue to experience mild discomfort for a few days afterward. The symptoms being treated may actually get worse before they begin to get better; this usually means that your body is responding. If symptoms continue to worsen, or if you notice any new symptoms after a day or two, report them to your doctor and reflexologist immediately.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only.