Binomial name :Labeo calbasu ingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Cypriniformes Family: Cyprinidae Subfamily: Labeoninae Genus: Labeo
Other Names: Kalbasu, Baus, Kalia, Black Rahu
Bengali Name: Kalbose
Habitat:Labeo calbasu is native to Bangladesh; China; India; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Thailand
The labeos appear fairly similar to the “freshwater sharks” of the genus Epalzeorhynchos, which is also part of the Labeoninae (or Labeonini), but is not very closely related. Labeos are larger, and have a more spindle-shaped body, as they are mostly free-swimming rather than benthic like Epalzeorhynchos. Their mouths look very different, too; they have a pronounced rostral cap, which covers the upper lip except when feeding. The lips are expanded into thick, sausage-shaped pads which have keratinized edges. Thus, their mouth parts are moderately apomorphic; not as little-developed as in barbs or in Epalzeorhynchos, but neither as extensive as in, for example, Garra or Ptychidio. The genus name Labeo is Latin for “one who has large lips”.
Labeos have the two barbels on the rostrum which are common among the Cyprinidae, and also another pair of barbels at the rear edges of the lower maxilla, which has been lost in some of their relatives. They have a well-developed vomeropalatine organ. In the Weberian apparatus, the posterior supraneural bone is elongated and contacts the skull at the forward end.
Food Value:This fish has very high protein content and very tasty fry or curry can be made from the flesh of the fish.
Binomial name: Chitala chitala Kingdom:: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Osteoglossiformes Family: Notopteridae Genus: Chitala Species:: C. chitala
Other Names: Indian featherback
Bengali Name: Chitol mach
Habitat : This fish is native to India,Bangladesh,Pakisthan & Nepal.They normally grow in big river basins.This is grown in lakes also.
Chitala chitala reaches a maximum length of 122 cm (48 in), but more commonly reaches about 75 cm (30 in). It is overall silvery in color. Unlike all its relatives, it usually (but not always) has a series of golden or silvery bars along the back, resulting in a faint striped appearance. Additionally, it has a series of fairly small, sometimes indistinct, non-ocellated dark spots towards the far rear of the body (at the “tail”). This separates it from C. ornata, which has ocellated spots (dark spots surrounded by a paler ring) and lacks bars along the back. The two species have frequently been confused.
Chitala chitala fish is very tasty, particularly it’s stomach portion.The back portion is bony, but commercially important in native range; flesh minced, made into balls, and cooked with curry.
Other Names: Bangana ariza, the Reba or ariza labeo, is a cyprinid fish found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and Pakistan
In Bengal it is called Bata mach.
Habitat : Bangana ariza is found in waters on the Indus plain and adjoining hilly areas in Pakistan; in the Ganges-Brahmaputra basins in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh; the basins of the Mahanadi, Krishna and Cauvery, as well as some smaller basins in southern India; the Karnapouli and adjacent smaller basins in Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh. It has also been reported from Myanmar.
Bangana ariza occurs in clear rivers and tanks, feeding on plankton and detritus. It breeds in flooded shallows in June–September. Its growth fairly rapid; and it can reach lengths of about 30 cm in natural waters. The males are smaller than females. It is grown in aquaculture ponds in India where breeding is induced by hypophysation, a technique of artificially encouraging fish to reproduce by removing the hypophysis or pituitary gland from a fish, preparing it and then injecting the preparation into another mature fish, of either sex, to promote final maturation and spawning. However, the fry of this species are readlily available in July–September in rivers such as the Cauvery and Bhavani, especially at dawn and dusk. These are collected to stock ponds and in even seasonal waters due to their rapid growth.
Bangana ariza has thin stripes lying mainly dorsally of the lateral line; larger specimens often have a broad mid-lateral stripe. The colour of this species in life is variable, from dull dirty white or greyish to silvery or yellow, and the narrow stripes van vary in their distinctivenes.
Food value: Bangana ariza fish is very tasty fish. It’s meat contains lots of calcium and phosperous. In Bengal most people like this fish.
Other Names:Soldier croaker Bengali Name: Bhola Vetki mach
Habitat : Nibea soldado is native to the northern Indian and western Pacific Oceans, and found in estuaries of south and southeast Asia, Indochina and northern Australia.Indo-West Pacific: coasts of India and Sri Lanka eastwards extending to Queensland, Australia and New Guinea and north to Viet Nam (Ref. 3490). Found in the lower Mekong basin
Dorsal spines (total): 10 – 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-33; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 7. Snout rounded, but not swollen or projecting; upper jaw length 38-44 % of head length, lower jaw length 44-53 % of head length. First pair of mental pores close together, united by a crescent-shaped groove just behind symphysis. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both jaws. Second anal spine long, stiff, 39-59 % of head length. From 8 to 13 scale rows above lateral line to origin of dorsal fin, 12-17 scale rows below lateral line to origin of anal fin (total 21-29 scale rows). Swim bladder carrot-shaped, with 18-22 pairs of arborescent appendages along its sides, the first pair entering head beyond transverse septum. Sagitta (large earstone) with a tadpole-shaped impression, the tail of which is J-shaped.
Habitat: Awaous guamensis is a species of goby native to the Pacific islands from Mariana to Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Fiji where it can be found in fresh, brackish and marine waters. It is available from just above sea level to mid-elevation reaches of streams.It grows in India & Bangladesh
Males can reach a length of 24.5 cm (9.6 in) SL while females only reach 16.5 cm (6.5 in). Recent work based upon morphological and genetic differences has recognized Hawaiian populations of Awaous as being distinct from Awaous guamensis. Consequently, Hawaiian Awaous are now recognized as a distinct species Awaous stamineus.