Fruits & Vegetables

Velvet apple

Botanical Name:Diospyros discolor
Family: Ebenaceae
Order: Ericales
Genus: Diospyros
Species: D. discolor

*Cavanillea mabolo Poir.
*Cavanillea philippensis Desr.
*Diospyros blancoi A.DC.
*Diospyros durionoides Bakh.
*Diospyros mabolo (Poir.) Roxb. ex Lindl.
*Diospyros mabolo Roxb. ex J.V.Thomps.
*Diospyros malacapai A.DC.
*Diospyros merrillii Elmer
*Diospyros philippensis (Desr.) Gürke
*Diospyros utilis Hemsl.

Common Names: Velvet apple, Velvet persimmon or Mabolo tree.
Name in Other Languages:
Bangladesh: Gab;
Chinese: Yi Se Shi;
French: Pommier Velours,
India: Belanti Gab, Hong Nhung (Hindu);
Indonesia: Bisbul, Buah Mentega;
Japanese: Ke Gaki;
Malaysia: Buah Mentega, Buah Lemah, Buah Sagalat, Buah Sakhlat, Sagalat;
Philippines: Camagon, Kamagong, Mabolo, Mabulo ( Tagalog);
Portuguese: Pécego-De-India;
Spanish: Camagón;
Taiwan: Mao Shi, Tai Wan Shi;
Thailand: Ma-Rit;
Vietnamese: H?ng Nhung

Habitat: Velvet apple is native to the Philippines, where kamagong usually refers to the entire tree, and mabolo or tálang is applied to the fruit.It grows in the South and South-East Asia: Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Bangladesh

Velvet apple is a dioecious, evergreen and much branched tree which grows 7 to 32 meters high with green branchlets when young that becomes gray and glabrous. Leaves are alternate, entire, oblong, about 8–30 cm by 2.5–12 cm and coriaceous with obtuse base and acuminate apex. Its upper surface is dark green, glabrous and glossy and its lower surface is silvery hairy and petiole upto 1.7 cm and densely pubescent. When young, leaves are pinkish to pale green and silky hairy. Male flowers form in 3 to 7 flowered axillary cymes or racemes on short pedicel. Calyx is deeply 4 lobed and tubular about 1 cm long. Corolla is creamy white with 4 reflexed lobes. Fruit is a oblate or globose berry, 5–12 cm by 8–10 cm, velvety, orange or brown- reddish. Pulp is whitish, firm, sweet, astringent which comprises of dark brown seeds about 4 × 2.5 × 1.5 cm. Seeds are covered with whitish membrane which is transparent when fresh and opaque when dried.


Seed of trees are normally planted 30 or 45 feet from each other; this one can be planted from 25 to 30 feet from each other. It needs a good distribution of rainfall through the year. Trees that were planted by seeds could take 6 or 7 years to give out fruit, but trees that were propagated by cuttings produce fruit in 3 or 4 years. It is a very productive tree. In Puerto Rico it produces through the months of August and October. In Cebu, Philippines there is a barangay named after the fruit itself. In Bangladesh it is known as ‘bilati gab’ (=foreign gab), to distinguish it from ‘gab’ (Diospyros peregrina). The fact that fruits vary greatly – in shape, color, hairiness and taste – suggests that there is a great deal of genetic variation in the plant. Seedless cultivars exist, and are highly favored since in the normal varieties the large seeds occupy a considerable volume of the fruit.

Edible Uses:
The fruits are eaten fresh after removing the skin, or can be used to make juice.
Velvet apple fruits can be eaten fresh with some lime or lemon juice. Cut the fruit in half, remove the seeds, and scoop with a spoon.
Velvet apple fruits can be combined with other fruits in fruit salads.

Nutritional Value of Velvet Apples:
Despite the unpleasant smell, people still turn to velvet apples because of its high nutrient content that can be very beneficial for a variety of health issues. Velvet apples are rich sources of various vitamins, minerals, and essential organic compounds, including dietary fiber, protein, potassium, iron, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C

Medicinal Uses:
The leaves of velvet apple trees have been shown to contain isoarborinol methyl ether (also called cylindrin) and fatty esters of ?- and ?-amyrin. Both isoarborinol methyl ether and the amyrin mixture demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties have also been shown for the isolated amyrin mixture.

Traditional uses:

*Use the leaves and bark to treat itchy skin.
*Bark is also used for treating fevers, coughs, diarrhea and dysentery.
*Fruits are used for wounds and to gargle in the condition of aphthous stomatitis.
*Decoction of young leaves is used for treating hypertension, diabetes and heart ailments.
*Heat the leaves and squeeze with the leaves of Mexican mint for making a preparation for treating chest colds.
*Use it as eyewash.
*Use the juice of leaves and bark for treating snakebites.
*The juice of unripe fruit is used as a wash for wounds.
*Seed oil is used for dysentery and diarrhea.
*In Guianas, it is used for treating heart problems, colds, diarrhea, spider bites, hypertension, diabetes, stomach aches and eczema

Other Uses: The wood of the tree is very hard (iron wood) and is used for making furniture and utensils.

Known Hazards:
*When used in excess, it causes allergic reactions such as itching, rash, sickness, nausea, redness and skin inflammation.
*If consumed in an empty stomach, it causes nausea, abdominal pain and heartburn.
*Pregnant women should consult the doctor to prevent the chances of miscarriage.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables


Botanical Name: Citrus × tangelo
Family: Rutaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Sapindales
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. × tangelo

Common Names: Tangelo, Honeybells

A tangelo is a type of hybrid citrus fruit that results from the cross between a tangerine and a pomelo or grapefruit. Most tangelos are known by their breed, which reflects the region in Florida where they are commonly grown. The Minneola is a large, juicy tangelo with few seeds. A tangelo has 13 g of total carbohydrates or 4 percent of the daily allowance. This is 2 percent of the daily value for protein.


A deliciously sweet fruit most often mistaken for an unusually shaped orange, the tangelo is a bright red-orange hybrid of a tangerine and grapefruit. With an unmistakable sweetness countered by a tart aftertaste (courteous of its grapefruit ancestor), tangelos are the size of a fist and topped by a characteristic knob. Alternatively known as Honeyballs, tangelos are seedless, easy to peel and have a thick skin similar that of oranges. The most popular and prolific variety of the tangelo is the Minneola, a cross between the Duncan grapefruit and Darcy tangerine. An incredibly juicy and flavourful variety, Minneola tangelos can be substituted for oranges or tangerines in any recipe, for a slightly sweeter result. December through February is the best times to consume this fruit.


Health Benefits:
Prevent or relieve constipation: Dietary fiber also helps in lowering the risk of diabetes and heart diseases. The average tangelo has just 70 calories. It also has two grams of fiber and high water content. This makes people feel more satisfied after they eat tangelos. The fruit is a great way to satisfy your sweet tooth and lose weight at the same time.

Nutritional value of Tangelo:
Tangelo is a great source of flavonoids, potassium, folic acid and vitamin C. Tangelos are also a great source of dietary fiber and are low in both saturated and unsaturated fat.

Aside from their sweet and zesty taste, another reason that you should consider eating tangelos is that they can offer you a handful of health benefits. Tangelos, being the hybrid of the tangerine and pomelo/grapefruit, contain the nutritional benefits of both of these fruits. Here are a few of the nutrients and minerals that you can get from this fruit and how they can contribute to your health:

*Vitamin A. Tangelos contain a considerable amount of vitamin A, which is essential for visual health. It may also help protect against macular degeneration, which is the leading cause of age-related blindness.

*Vitamin C. Like other citrus fruits, tangelos are rich in vitamin C. This vitamin is extremely important due to its contribution to the immune system’s optimal function. Inadequate vitamin C in the body often leads to lower resistance against pathogens and viruses, which causes a heightened susceptibility to infections and diseases.9

*Flavanones. Flavonoids are important nutrients that have antioxidant properties. Tangelos contain flavanones, a specific type of flavonoid, which helps in minimizing the risk of strokes and other cardiovascular diseases.

*Calcium, potassium and magnesium. Getting adequate amounts of these minerals is essential for the body’s skeletal and cardiovascular function. Calcium is important for the strength of the bones and teeth and may also help in regulating blood pressure. These minerals together have also been observed to reduce the risk of hypertension.

*Dietary fiber. Tangelo contains high amounts of dietary fiber, which is important for smooth digestion. High-fiber foods may also aid in the prevention of hypertension, obesity and stroke. It can also help in lowering the blood sugar levels in the body.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables

Sweet pepper

Botanical Name: Bell pepper
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Order: Solanales
Tribe: Capsiceae
Genus: Capsicum

*Capsicum abyssinicum A.Rich.
*Capsicum angulosum Mill.
*Capsicum annuum f. bicolor Makino
*Capsicum annuum f. certoides Fingerh.
*Capsicum annuum f. chlorocarpum Kuntze

Common Names: Sweet pepper, Pepper or Capsicum

Peppers are native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Pepper seeds were imported to Spain in 1493 and then spread through Europe and Asia. The mild bell pepper cultivar was developed in the 1920s, in Szeged, Hungary. Preferred growing conditions for bell peppers include warm, moist soil in a temperature range of 21 to 29 °C (70 to 84 °F)

Sweet Pepper is a small, branched, mostly erect, annual or perennial herbaceous shrub sized 30 -90 cm tall. Production is best, in deep loam soil with good fertility, easy irrigation, sufficient drainage and plenty of sunshine. Sweet pepper should not be cultivated on the same soil year after year because of disease problems. It is best to rotate the crop with corn, rice, sugarcane and legume. Since it is a warm-season crop, it performs well under an extended frost-free season. Roots are normally short or deep tap root and may extend 20 to 30 cm deep. Stems are glabrescent. Leaves are alternate, solitary or paired; bright to dark green color, petiole 4–7 cm; leaf blade oblong-ovate, ovate, or ovate lanceolate, 4–13 × 1.5–4 cm, glabrescent, base narrowed, margin entire and wavy, apex short acuminate or acute. Sweet Pepper plant features star shaped, small, off-white, pendent flowers. Corolla is rotate, five-lobed white, 10 mm.


Sweet pepper plant offer sweet pepper that differ greatly in color, shape and size according to various varieties. Sweet peppers are often green or red in color, but sometimes also yellow, white, purple or black. Sweet berry is actually a berry, pericarp fleshy and firm, hollow, pendent up to 15 cm and are green while young and turns to red orange, yellow, white, brown or purple when mature. The inside of a sweet pepper is hollow and subdivided by partitions, to which the seeds are attached. The outside of the sweet pepper comprises a very shiny skin. Seeds are normally pale yellow, discoid or reniform, 3–5 mm across. Sweet pepper has mild, sweet flavor and wonderful taste due to which it is found used in a variety of food items throughout the world.

Edible Uses:
*The fruits are used for fresh consumption – raw or cooked, and they are sold as frozen, canned, dried (whole or crushed pieces) and pickled fruit.
*The fruit is also processed as fermented products, powders, sauces, salsas and coloring agents.
*Seed oil is edible and used for flavoring and seasoning.
*Chili in the form of powder or paste is a vital ingredient for curries.
*Fermented sweet peppers ( torshi felfel ) are produced in west Asia and Africa.
*In Southeast Asia and PNG the young leaves and flowers are eaten as potherb or added to soups and stew.

Nutritional Value:
Apart from their mild, sweet flavor and wonderful taste sweet pepper is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Consuming 149 gram of chopped sweet pepper offers 119.8 mg of Vitamin C, 0.334 mg of Vitamin B6, 0.098 mg of Copper, 11 µg of Vitamin K, 0.182 mg of Manganese and 0.085 mg of Vitamin B1. Moreover many Amino acids like 0.018 g of Tryptophan, 0.054 g of Threonine, 0.036 g of Isoleucine, 0.054 g of Leucine and 0.058 g of Lysine are also found in 149 gram of sweet peppers.

Medicinal Uses & health Benefits:
The health benefits of sweet pepper or African Pepper include treatment of cancer, help treat anemia, arthritis, improves bone density, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, digestive health, restless leg syndrome, prevents muscle cramps and maintains skin health. Regular consumption of sweet pepper is recommended to overcome all these disorders and live healthy life.

Other traditional uses and benefits of Sweet pepper:

*The fruit is considered to be anti-haemorrhoidal, antiseptic, diaphoretic, digestive, irritant, rubefacient, sialagogue, antirheumatic, and tonic.

*It is ingested internally for the treatment of the cold stage of fevers, debility during convalescence or old age, for asthma, varicose veins and stomach upsets.

*Externally, it is used as a therapy for sprains, unbroken chilblains, neuralgia, and pleurisy.

*Fruit of the red pepper (namcho) is used to warm body coldness, to activate the stomach function, to smooth blocked internal organs, and is used to treat stomach aches, emesis, dysentery, chilblain, and scabies in Koprean traditional medicine.

*Stem is called nalchogyung and is used to treat rheumatic psychroalgia.

*Root, called nalchodoo, is used to treat asthenia of the limbs.

*Leaves are used to treat emesis, dysentery, and scabies.

*Root has been recorded as a decoction for treating gonorrhea in Peninsular Malaysia.

Other Uses:
*Some C. annuum cultivars are grown as ornamentals particularly those displaying fruit in four or five colors on the same plant at the same time and those with unusual fruit shapes or for their dense foliage and bright colorful fruits and for their bright red fruits used as decorations during the festive season such as Christmas.

*Fruits and shoots with fruits dried or fresh are used as wreaths, house decorations and floral arrangements.

*Mature bright red chilies are hung in colorful strings (ristras) used as symbol of hospitality in New Mexico.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables

Strawberry guava

Botanical Name: Psidium cattleyanum
Family: Myrtaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Myrtales
Genus: Psidium
Species: P. cattleyanum

*Episyzygium oahuense Suess. & A.Ludw.
*Eugenia ferruginea Sieber ex C.Presl
*Eugenia oxygona Koidz.
*Eugenia pseudovenosa H.Perrier
*Eugenia urceolata Cordem.
*Guajava cattleiana (Afzel. ex Sabine

Common Names: Strawberry guava, Cattley guava, Chinese cherry guava, Chinese guava, cherry guava, purple guava, purple strawberry guava, red strawberry guava, small guava, strawberry guava, yellow Cattley guava, yellow strawberry guava, Peruvian guava, Thai Guava, Kuahpa, Bella seebai, Konda jamipandu, Malam perakka, Mpera-ngombe, Mpera, Pahadi pijuli, Pahari payara, Porpay, Quwawa ni vavalagi, Seemai koyya

Habitat: Strawberry guava is native to South-east Brazil, but has been naturalized in Florida, Hawai’i, tropical Polynesia, Norfolk Island and Mauritius.

It is now distributed throughout many tropical regions. It was introduced in Hawaii as early as 1825 to create an agricultural market for its fruits, but it has yet to be a commercially viable product. It is now highly prevalent in tropical rain forest ecosystems due mainly to accidental transportation and its invasive plant properties.

Strawberry Cherry is small erect, highly-branched, slow growing evergreen shrub that grows about 2-6 m tall. The plant is normally found growing in sub-montane rainforest, montane cloud forest, montane rainforest, moist tropical montane forest, riparian forest, tropical evergreen forest, deciduous woodland (oak), tropical montane savanna, lowland sub-tropical rainforest, scrubland, grassland, degraded forest, cultivation and agroforestry systems, roadsides, wastelands, pastures, scrubs, forested land and on areas disturbed by natural processes such as storms and lava flows. The plant prefers acid soils and is not sensitive to soil structure. It can grow on shallow or infertile soils. It does, however, requires a well-drained soil and does not tolerate waterlogging. The slender stem and branches are smooth, pinkish, greenish or greyish brown in color. Bark peels off in small papery flakes. Twigs are glabrous and cylindrical, and young leaves and twigs are red in color.


Leaves are opposite and decussate, shortly petiolate (petiole 3–10 mm long), elliptic to obovate, 4.5–12 cm long and 2–6 cm wide, with a blunt to slightly acuminate apex and a cuneiform sharp base. They are thick and coriaceous, upper surface is dark green in color, glossy, waxy, flat or slightly folded around the main rib. The lower surface is glabrous, whitish-green in color, punctuated with small oil cavities, and with the main rib prominent near the base but the 8–10 pairs of lateral ribs is not prominent, forming an intra-marginal rib 1–3 mm from the edge of the limb. Young leaves and twigs are red in color.

The fragrant flowers are axillary and solitary, rarely grouped in 2 or 3. The four to five white petals are obovate, 5–6 mm long and wide. Flowers bear numerous stamens, 256 to 480 according to Raseira and Raseira, and a greenish disc-shaped stigma. Ovary is tri- to penta-locular, mostly tetra-locular. Flowering normally takes place from May.

Fertile flowers are followed by globulous to obovoid berry, 1.5–4 cm in diameter, bearing persistent sepals at the apex. The thin skin is dark green when unripe, and then red to purple for P. cattleianum var. cattleianum and sulfur-yellow for P. cattleianum var. lucidum. Pulp is soft, white or yellow, very juicy and contains several (2–100) small soft seeds. Seeds are reniform, 2–3 mm long, with a yellowish testa. Fruit has a pleasant, strawberry-like flavor when ripe, hence its common name.

Edible Uses:
The whole fruit can be eaten as both the thin skin and juicy interior are soft and tasty. It can also be used to make jam. The skin is often removed for a sweeter flavour. The seeds are small and white in colour and can be roasted as a substitute for coffee. Its leaves may be brewed for tea.

*Fruit can be consumed raw or cooked.
*Fruit can be used in jellies, jams, custards, drinks etc.
*The flavor is more pronounced than that of the yellow strawberry guava but lacks the muskiness of the common guava.
*Fruit has an agreeable acid-sweet flavor and is good when eaten raw, though it can also be used in preserves.
*Leaves of the tree can also be used to make a tea.
*Strawberry guavas are most often eaten fresh straight from the tree.
*Some cultures have roasted the seeds and used them as a coffee.
*It is also used to flavor beverages, ice creams, and desserts

Medicinal Uses:
Strawberry guava seeds have many health benefits, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties in addition to a high amount of Vitamin.

Traditional uses and benefits of Strawberry guava:

*Fruit and leaves are used in traditional medicine against hemorrhage, diarrhea and colic.
*It provides a lot of fiber, which helps with digestive issues and can reduce cholesterol levels.
*It can also help you lose weight.
*It prevents many conditions such as constipation.
*It is very useful for people who suffer from diabetes.
*It is also a powerful antioxidant and can boost immunity, preventing flu, colds and infections.

Other Uses: The wood of the tree is hard, compact, durable, and resistant, and is used for lathe work, tool handles, charcoal, and firewood. The plant is indispensable for mixed planting in reforestation of reclaimed and protected areas in Brazil.

*The plant is grown as a hedge in warm temperate climates.
*Leaves are also a source of essential oils produced after distillation.
*The wood is useful for poles.
*After 3 to 6 years of life, the plant starts to produce fruits.
*The wood is good for smoking meat and can also be made into tools and toys.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables


Botanical Name:Annona purpurea
Family: Annonaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Magnoliales
Genus: Annona
Species: A. purpurea

Synonyms: Annona manirote, Annona involucrate

Common Names: Soncoya, Sincuya,Matimba and Cabeza de negro.

Habitat: Soncoya is native to Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America. It is quite common in coastal lowlands from southern Mexico to Panama, Colombia and Venezuela. Soncoya has also been introduced into the Philippines and a few other Asian countries.

Soncoya is a small to medium tree reaching a maximum of 6 to 10 metres (20 to 33 ft). It is deciduous with hairy leaves and large, strong-scented flowers. Flowers, which emerge with the new leaves, strongly fragrant, solitary, fleshy, large, conical, usually enclosed at first by a pair of bracts; held at the base by a rusty-hairy, 3 parted calyx; outer petals 3, very thick, brown hairy outside, yellowish and purple mottled within, and 3 smaller, inner petals also 3, relatively thinner, creamy white outside, purple inside.Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads.


The fruit is rounded, 15 to 20 centimeters wide, and covered with a felt-textured brown skin that is hard to cut open when ripe. The surface of the fruit has hooklike projections. It has many seeds which have a germination time of 1 to 6 months. Trees take about 1 to 3 years to bear and can be container grown. This species is closely related to the cherimoya, the sugar-apple and other Annonas. The soncoya is fairly obscure among Annonas; the fruit is of indifferent quality and has not attracted wide cultivation. The fruit has a texture like the soursop which some may describe as stringy or fibrous.

Cultivation: Soncoya is a tropical fruit and therefore requires a hot and humid climate. It has not been noticed occurring above 1200 m altitude.

 This fruit is easily propagated by seed.

            The The surface of the fruit has There are hook like projections on the surface of soncaya fruits.  These are quite hard.  Because of these, people do not find this fruit very convenient to handle.  It is probably one reason because of which this fruit has not able to become popular as an orchard fruit..

Edible Uses : The fruit can be eaten raw or can be made into juice.

Medicinal Uses: Juice from the fruit is sometimes used as a remedy for fevers. Its inner bark is used for preparing teas, often to treat dysentery.

Other Uses: Extracts from the seeds are poisonous which are mostly used as an insecticide.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.