Herbs & Plants

Anthericum ramosum

Botanical Name: Anthericum ramosum
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asparagales
Genus: Anthericum
Species: A. ramosum

Synonyms: Phalangites ramosus (L.) Bubani

Common Names: Anthericum ramosum or Branched St Bernard’s-lily

Habitat: Anthericum ramosum is present in most of Europe, being more common in southern countries, and is widespread in Central Asia and Russia. These plants grow in sunny areas and calcareous soils, on semiarid grasslands, slopes and forest edges. In the Alps they can be found at an altitude of 0–1,600 metres (0–5,249 ft) above sea level.

Anthericum ramosum reaches on average a height of 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in). The grass-like leaves are 50 centimetres (20 in) long and 2–6 millimetres (0.08–0.2 in) wide and are generally much shorter than the inflorescence. It has an erect, paniculate inflorescence. The flower spikes are branched (hence the Latin name ramosus), unlike Anthericum liliago. The six tepals are white, 10–13 millimetres (0.4–0.5 in) long, as are the six stamens. The flower is scentless and pure white, the anthers are bright yellow. The flowering period extends from June through August. The capsular fruit is spherical to three-faced. The flowers are pollinated by hymenopterans, while seed are distributed by the wind.


Cultivation: Ideally grow in soil that is moist but well-drained in summer and well-drained over winter. Full sun is essential

Propagation: Propagate by seed sown in pots in a cold frame in spring or autumn or propagate by division in spring

Garden Uses:
St. Bernard’s lily is a versatile plant with many uses in a home garden. Its flowers open in sequence on tall, graceful stalks, making it a good choice for the middle of a mixed flower border, where it provides interest for a month or more. The plant also tends to naturalize and spread slowly, and does well in a naturalized setting on a hillside or in a meadow. Tolerant of poor, rocky soil, it’s also useful in a gravel bed or border. St. Bernard’s lily also produces attractive brown fruit capsules after its flowers fade, adding visual interest that can last until early winter.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only.


Herbs & Plants

American ash

Botanical Name:Fraxinus americana
Family: Oleaceae
Order: Lamiales
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Fraxinus sect. Melioides
Species: F. americana

Common Names: American ash or White ash

American ash is native to eastern and central North America. It is found in mesophytic hardwood forests from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota, south to northern Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas. Isolated populations have also been found in western Texas, Wyoming, and Colorado, and the species is reportedly naturalized in Hawaii. It grows on rich upland to lowland woods. Usually found in association with other hardwood trees in well-drained soils on slopes.


American ash is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate.
It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.

Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.

It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.


Landscape Uses:Firewood, Aggressive surface roots possible, Pollard, Street tree. Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil. Succeeds in exposed positions and in alkaline soils. Tolerates atmospheric pollution. Young plants tolerate forest shade. One of the most valuable hardwood timber trees in N. America, saplings grow slowly at first, but the growth rate speeds up over the next 50 years. This species is planted on a small scale, mainly in E. Europe, as a timber tree. It has the potential as a forestry tree in Britain, succeeding under conditions that are too dry or frosty for the native ash, F. excelsior. A very ornamental tree, it is often confused in cultivation with F. pennsylvanica. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Male trees usually flower heavily each year, but female trees only flower heavily every 2 – 3 years. Special Features: North American native, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

The seed is best harvested green – as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree – and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame. It usually germinates in the spring. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Medicinal Uses:
The bark is astringent, emmenagogue and a bitter tonic. An infusion is used to promote menstruation. It has also been used as a wash to treat skin sores, itches and vermin on the scalp. The inner bark is diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic and strongly laxative. It is used as a tea to remove bile from the intestines, as a tonic after childbirth and to relieve stomach cramps and fevers. It is chewed and applied as a poultice to sores. The leaves are used to soothe the itching caused by mosquito bites and bee stings. The seeds are thought to be aphrodisiac.

Other Uses:
The leaves are said to repel rattlesnakes and have been worn on the feet of people travelling in rattlesnake country. There are some doubts over the efficacy of this. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark. Wood – strong, hard, heavy, tough, elastic, close grained, moderately durable. It weighs 41lb per cubic foot, seasons well, takes a good polish and is shock resistant. One of the most valuable of the North American timbers, it is much used for tool handles, hockey sticks, baseball bats, the interior of buildings, musical instruments, furniture, woodenware etc. As a fuel it is comparable in quality to such excellent species as oak (Quercus spp) and hickory (Carya spp).

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables Herbs & Plants

Persian lime

Botanical Name :Citrus latifolia
Family: Rutaceae
Order: Sapindales
Genus: Citrus
Species:C. latifolia

Citrus aurantiifolia var. latifolia Yu. Tanaka

Common Names:Persian lime, Seedless lime, Bearss lime, Tahiti lime, Tahitian Lime, Persische Limette, Tahitilimette, lima da Persia

Name in Other Languages:
Chinese: Kuan ye lai mu
English: Tahiti lime, Seedless lime, Persian lime, Bearss lime
Finnish: Persian limetti
French: Lime de Perse, Lime de Tahiti, Limettier de Tahiti, Limettier, Limettier De Perse, limettier tahiti
German: Persische Limette, Tahitilimette, Tahiti-Limonelle, Tahiti-Limonellenbaum
Italian: Limetta di Tahiti
Japanese: Tahichi raimu
Portuguese: Limeira Bearss
Spanish: Lima común da Persia, Limero de Tahiti, Lima De Persia, Lima Tahiti
Vietnamese: Chanh Ba T?, Chanh không h?t, Chanh Tahiti

Habitat: Persian lime is native to Southern Iraq and Iran, although other varieties were developed in the U.S. and Florida.

Description: ……..CLICK & SEE
Persian lime is a moderately vigorous, unarmed (thorn less) shrub or small tree that grows about 4.5 to 6.0 m (15 to 20 ft.) tall with widespread, drooping branches. Young shoots are purplish. In contrast to many other citrus species, it is often thorn less or nearly so. The plant is found growing in tropical climates, subtropical with winter rain such as in the Mediterranean and semitropical with summer rainfall. It prefers well drained, sandy or calcareous soils but will not withstand water-logged soils or heavy clays. Leaves are unifoliolate, alternate, broad- lanceolate, medium green, glabrous, pellucid dotted, with acute apex and acute base, and slightly crenulate margin. Flowers are axillary, white, fragrant, solitary or in a few flowered clusters.

Flowers:……..CLICK & SEE
Flowers contain both the male and female organs of the plant; the male part produce pollen and the female part have the stigma or ovary.Flowers are followed by berry (hesperidium), oval, obovate, oblong or short-elliptical, usually rounded at the base that is 4 to 6.25 cm (1.5 to 2.5 in) wide and 5 to 7.25 cm (2 to 3 in) long, often with nippled or elongated ends, generally seedless or few-seeded.

Fruits:………CLICK & SEE
Fruits are initially vivid green to pale yellowish green and yellow when fully ripe. The fruit has thin, leathery skin dotted with oil glands. Pulp is pale greenish in 10 segments, tender and acid. The pollens are not viable. The fruit has a fragrant, spicy aroma and tart flavor, but the aroma and flavor are less intense than those of key lime. The advantages of the Persian lime in commercial agriculture compared to the key lime are the larger size, absence of seeds, hardiness, and absence of thorns on the bushes, and longer fruit shelf life that have combined to make it more widely cultivated. It is also widely available dried, as it is often used this way in Persian cooking. It is larger with less intense citrus aromatics than the key lime.

Persian limes were first grown on a large scale in Persia (now Iran) and southern Iraq.
The trees are propagated clonally, by grafting or air layering. Persian limes are commercialized primarily in six sizes, known as 110’s, 150’s, 175’s, 200’s, 230’s and 250’s. Large numbers of Persian limes are grown, processed, and exported every year primarily from Mexico to the American, European and Asian markets. In 2014, Brazil was major exporter of fresh limes to Europe (about 70%) with Mexico supplying most of the remainder.

Edible Uses:
Fruits are eaten to increase test of different food.
Traditional uses and benefits of Persian Lime:

*Leaves or an infusion of the crushed leaves may be applied to relieve headache.

*Lime juice, administered quickly, was found to be an effective antidote for the painful oral irritation and inflammation that result from biting into aroids such as Dieffenbachia spp., Xanthosoma spp., Philodendron spp., and their allies.

*Lime juice has also been applied to relieve the effects of stinging corals.

*Excessive exposure to the peel oil of the Tahiti lime may cause dermatitis.

*Fresh fruit is used as garnish for meats and drinks.

*Fruit is also processed into marmalade and candied peels.

*Fresh juice is used in beverages especially limeade, cordials, marinating fish and meats and seasoning many foods.

*Juice is frequently used as an alternative to vinegar in dressings and sauces.

*Frozen and canned juice is used in similar ways.

*Tahiti lime is a great accompaniment with avocado served in the form of wedges.

*It is utilized for enhancing lime juice and for most of the other purposes for which Mexican lime peel oil is employed.

*Flowers petals are edible.

*Juice is used as a substitute for vinegar.

Health Benefits:

Ayurvedic health benefits of Persian lime Juice:

*Indigestion & Acidity: A tsp of fresh lime juice mixed with a tsp of honey is a very effective home remedy for indigestion and burning in the chest due to acidity. Lime juice is also useful when there is excessive accumulation of saliva in the mouth.

*Hiccups: Take a tsp each of ginger juice, honey, lime juice and a pinch of pepper. Mix together and lick a tiny bit from a spoon.

*Earache: Dilute a few drops of fresh lime juice with equal quantity of water. Using 2 drops of this twice a day as ear drops is a very effective home remedy for earache.

*Constipation: Drinking a glass of fresh lime juice in warm water in the morning is a good home remedy for constipation.

*Colic or cramps in the abdomen: Mix a tsp of fresh ginger juice with a tsp of fresh lime juice and a pinch of rock salt and a little sugar. This mixture can be eaten by itself, or with a little warm water.

*Pimples: Grind a tsp of dried onion seeds with a little milk. Add half a tsp of fresh lime juice and apply it on the pimples. Leave overnight and wash off in the morning. This is a good home remedy for Acne.

*Anti- bacterial: A paste of fresh of tender leaves of lime with a pinch of turmeric makes an effective anti-bacterial face pack.

*Head Lice: To get rid of lice, mix garlic paste and fresh lime juice and apply at night to hair and wash off in the morning.

*Acidity of the skin: To a cup of unheated fresh milk, add a tsp of fresh lime juice and let it stand for a couple of hours. At bed time, wash your face well with water and pat dry. Apply the above mix and leave it on overnight and wash in the morning. Do this once a week for a few weeks. This ensures that the acidity of the skin is maintained at a healthy pH which dissuades bacterial growth.

*Bleeding piles: Halve a lime and apply rock salt powder on them. Keep this lime in your mouth and let the juice be taken in slowly. Lime juice has anti-hemorrhagic properties and rock salt which is rich in magnesium sulphate, checks bleeding, helps good bowel movements and slowly shrinks the pile masses.

*Swollen gums: A cup of diluted fresh lime juice mixed with a pinch of rock salt should be consumed. Lime rind can also be rubbed over the gums for relief.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables Herbs & Plants


Botanical Name:Byrsonima crassifolia
Family: Malpighiaceae
Order: Malpighiales
Genus: Byrsonima
Species: B. crassifolia

Common Names: Nance, Changunga, Muruci, Murici, Nanche, Nancite, Chacunga, Craboo, Kraabu, Savanna serrette (or Savanna serret) and Golden spoon

Habitat: Nance is native and abundant in the wild, sometimes in extensive stands, in open pine forests and grassy savannas, from central Mexico, through Central America, to Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil; it also occurs in Trinidad, Barbados, Curaçao, St. Martin, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and throughout Cuba and the Isle of Pines. The nance is limited to tropical and subtropical climates. In Central and South America, the tree ranges from sea-level to an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,800 m). It is highly drought-tolerant.

Plant:……….CLICK & SEE
Byrsonima crassifolia is the slow growing, large shrub or tree which grows up to 33 feet high. The leaves are opposite, ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic; 3.2-17 cm long and 4-7 cm wide. The flowers are 10-20 cm long and 1.25-2 cm wide; yellow or dull orange, red with five petals. Fruit is small ball shaped, round, ovate to globose; 8-12 cm wide and 0.8-1.5 cm in diameter. The fruit has white and juicy flesh, pungent, distinct aroma and thin skin. The fruit include 1 to 3 white seeds which is 0.5-1.2 cm in diameter. The tree has dark brown, fissured and rough bark. The inner bark is pinkish. It has tall or short and straight or crooked trunk.

Edible Uses:
The fruits are eaten raw or cooked as dessert. In rural Panama, the dessert prepared with the addition of sugar and flour, known as pesada de nance, is quite popular. The fruits are also made into dulce de nance, a candy prepared with the fruit cooked in sugar and water. In Nicaragua (where the fruit is called nancite), it is a popular ingredient for several desserts, including raspados (a frozen dessert made from a drink prepared with nancites) and a dessert made by leaving the fruit to ferment with some sugar in a bottle for several months (usually from harvest around August–September until December) — this is sometimes called “nancite in vinegar”.

The fruits are also often used to prepare carbonated beverages, ice cream and juice, in Brazil, flavor mezcal-based liqueurs, or make an oily, acidic, fermented beverage known as chicha, the standard term applied to assorted beer-like drinks made of fruits or maize. Nance is used to distill a rum-like liquor called crema de nance in Costa Rica. Mexico produces a licor de nanche.

Nutritional value:
The serving size of 112 grams of Nance fruit grants 90.32 g of water, 82 calories, 0.74 g of protein, 1.3 g of fat, 0.64 g of ash, 19.01 g of carbohydrate, 8.4 g of dietary fiber, 9.31 g of total sugars, 4.01 g of glucose and 5.3 g of fructose. It offers 115.11% of Vitamin C, 12.09% of manganese, 11.08% of Vitamin K, 9.33% of Vitamin E, 5.81% of potassium, 5.38% of iron, 5.24% of magnesium, 5.20% of calcium and 5.11% of copper.

Medicinal Uses:
Traditional uses

*The plant helps to cures pulmonary diseases, rashes, wounds and diarrhea.
*The intake of a cup of leaf tea for three times in a day helps to cure the aching bones, anemia, fatigue and rheumatism.
*The bark is used to treat diarrhea.
*This fruit helps to reduce the cholesterol and fats which also prevents from constipation.
*It helps to treat skin wrinkles, hair fall and memory loss.
*The Mixe Indians of Mexico use the bark to cure gastrointestinal disorders and skin infections.
*The infusion made from the bark is useful for diarrhea and enhance menstruation.
*It is effective for the pulmonary complaints, indigestion, leucorrhea and gum disease.
*It is used as an antidote for the snakebite in Belize.
*The bark is used in Guyana as a poultice for wounds.
*Mexicans use the pulverized bark for the ulcers.
*The bark is also used to hide tans, poison fish, treat gastrointestinal, pulmonary diseases as well as skin infections.
*The roots are used as a treatment for illnesses.
*Roots and stems are believed to possess antibacterial properties.
*In Mexico, it is used medicinally to firm up the loose teeth.
*It possesses an antidote, astringent, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, emmenagogue and purgative activities.
*The external use of bark as a poultice or wash is helpful for skin infections, wounds, ulcers etc.
*The leaves infusion is helpful for the high blood pressure.
*The leaves wash is used to clean and ease ulcers.
*The sap of leaves and bark is used to cure gonorrhea.
*In Central America, the tea made from the leaves is used to eradicate stress, rheumatism, anemia, aching bones and fatigue.

Known Hazards:
*Those who are allergic to Nance fruit should not consume or use it.
*Excessive consumption should be avoided which may cause illness.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Fruits & Vegetables Herbs & Plants

Monstera Delicisiosa

Botanical Name: Monstera Delicisiosa
Family: Araceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Alismatales
Genus: Monstera
Species: M. deliciosa

Common Names:Ceriman, Windowleaf, Swiss cheese plant, or just Cheese plant
Monstera deliciosa, delicious monster, monstera plant, monster plant, monster fruit, monsterio delicio, monstereo, hurricane plant, fruit salad plant, fruit salad tree, Swiss cheese plant, cheese plant, Mexican breadfruit, Penglai banana, ceriman, windowleaf, balazo, split leaf philodendron, and other localized names

Other common names: Fruit salad plant, Fruit salad tree (in reference to its edible fruit, which tastes similar to a fruit salad), Ceriman, Monster fruit, Monsterio delicio, Monstereo, Mexican breadfruit, Windowleaf, balazo, Penglai banana and (inaccurately) Split leaf philodendron. The names in Spanish (costilla de Adán), Portuguese (costela-de-adão), and French (plante gruyère) refer to the change of the leaves from entire to fenestrated (comparing it in the first two cases with the ribs of Adam and in the third with the hole-filled gruyère cheese). In Mexico, the plant is sometimes referred to as Piñanona. In coastal regions of Sicily, especially Palermo, it is called Zampa di leone (lion’s paw).

Habitat: Monstera Delicisiosa is native to tropical forests of southern Mexico, south to Panama. It has been introduced to many tropical areas, and has become a mildly invasive species in Hawaii, Seychelles, Ascension Island and the Society Islands. It grows in C. America – Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico. An epiphytic vine, growing in the branches of trees in moist or wet, mountain forests at elevations of 900 – 1,500 metres.

Description:……...CLICK & SEE
Monstera deliciosa, or Split-leaf Philodendron,it is vigorous, evergreen epiphytic climber from Central America and Mexico. It has a glossy green leaves that are pinnately split and perforate with rectangle holes. Leaves reach up to 3 feet in length and the stems will reach up to 30 feet or more. Stems are short and jointed, with cordlike arial roots that help support the plants as they climb.

Flowers…. .CLICK & SEE

: The flowers are a white spathe that will be reaching up to 12 inches long. The spadix is about 10 inches long and will mature into an edible fruit. The fruit has a pleasant aroma and tastes, to me, like a cross between banana and pineapple.

Fruits:…...CLICK & SEE
The fruit of Monstera deliciosa is up to 25 cm (10 in) long and 3–4 cm (1.2–1.6 in) diameter, and it looks like a green ear of maize covered with hexagonal scales. As the fruit ripens, these scales or platelets fall off the fruit, releasing a strong and sweet scent. The smell has been compared to a combination of pineapples and bananas. The fruit is edible and safe for humans.

The delicious title comes from the fully matured fruit. When the fruit of the monstera plant is ready to eat, it is said to smell wonderful and to have a flavor evocative of fruit salad. A mixture of pineapple and banana. Some other names for the plant are Mexican Breadfruit and Locusts and Wild Honey.

Monstera deliciosa is commonly grown outdoors as an ornamental plant in the tropics and subtropics. The plant requires a lot of space and a rich and loose soil (ideally garden soil and compost in equal parts). If it grows in the ground it is better to plant it near a tree, where it can climb, if not against a trellis. It is moderately greedy and needs to be watered just to keep the soil slightly moist. Its hardiness is 11 (that is to say the coldest at ?1 °C or 30 °F). It cannot withstand these temperatures for more than a few hours, but it can live outside in certain regions (Mediterranean coast, Britanny). A steady minimum temperature of at least 13–15 °C (55–59 °F) is preferable, allowing continuous growth. Growth ceases below 10 °C (50 °F) and it is killed by frost. It needs very bright exposure, but not full sun.

Forcing a M. deliciosa to flower outside of its typical tropical habitat proves to be difficult. Specific conditions need to be met for the plant to flower. However, in its tropical and subtropical habitat, the plant flowers easily. In ideal conditions it flowers about three years after planting. The plant can be propagated by taking cuttings of a mature plant or by air layering.

Propagation: Monstera deliciosa can be propagated from seed, cuttings, division or air layering.

Edible Uses:
The Fruit is edible. The monstrous fruit part is not hard to have a figure out. The unripened fruit of the plant contains oxalic acid with easy way to eat the fruit. This is evocative of the Alien monsters in a Sigourney Weaver movie-acid for blood. The delicious designation comes from the fully matured fruit. When the fruit of the plant is ready to eat, it is always said to smell heavenly and to have a flavor evocative of fruit salad. A fruit having a taste mixture of pineapple and banana.

Taste-“On the first day of the fruit, when picked, its flavour is like guava, and the second day it is like mangosteen, and the third day it is like lychee, the fourth is passion fruit taste, the fifth is sweetsop fruit; the sixth up to the eighth is grape fruit nature of taste.”‘The best flavour is on the ninth day where the fruit becomes perfectly ripe which tastes sweet and smells good.


Fruit comparison tables. Overview of vitamin and mineral content including nutrition charts of the Monstera Deliciouso.

Nutritive value per 100 g of Monstera Deliciouso:

Principle Nutritive value:

Fat…… 1 g
Protein. 23 g
Carbohydrates 32 g
Calcium. 16 g
Thiamin. 0.01 mg
Phosphorus 10 g
Fiber… 0.4 g
Vitamin C 60 mg
Calories 10g

Medicinal Uses:
Parts used are roots,leaves and fruits.

Other Uses:
The aerial roots of these plants, as well as those of some other aroids, particularly Philodendron, often attain a great length, reaching from the branches of fairly high trees almost or quite to the ground. They are much used in Guatemala for making the so-called mimbre furniture, similar to the light rattan furniture made commonly in the United States. The dried roots, of uniform diameter, or sometimes the fresh ones, are wound tightly and evenly about a wooden frame, forming handsome and durable articles of furniture. The roots are also used to make strong baskets.

The long tendril-like aerial roots traditionally are used for ropemaking in Peru. They’re also worked into baskets in portions of southern Mexico.

Known Hazards:All parts of the plant contain calcium oxalate crystals. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet.(All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction)

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.