Categories
ORCHID

Acampe praemorsa

Botanical Name: Acampe praemorsa
Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Subfamily:Epidendroideae
Kingdom:Plantae
Order: Asparagales
Genus: Acampe
Species:A. praemorsa

Synonyms: Acampe excavata, Acampe wightiana, Vanda wightiana

Common Names: Wight’s Acampe, Brittle orchid • Kannada: Seete hoo, Seete dande, Gandhanakula, Marabale • Konkani:Kanphoden • Malayalam:Thaalimaravaazha • Marathi: Waghri • Sanskrit: Gandhanakuli, Rasna

Habitat : Acampe praemorsa is a species of monopodial orchid It distributed in India, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Burma.
(India:peninsular India, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram Nagaland, Odisha Sikkim Tripura; Bhutan, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, Laos, Sri – Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam)

Description:
Acampe is a genus of seven orchid species distributed from tropical Africa to India, eastwards to China and southwards to Malaya, Indonesia, the Philippines and New Guinea. The name Acampe was derived from the Greek word akampas, meaning “rigid”, referring to the little, brittle, inflexible flowers. Wight’s Acampe is a robust shrub growing on trees. Stem is stout, 20-50 cm high, with vermiform roots from basal nodes. Leaves are distichous, 12-20 x 2-3 cm, linear, sheathing at base, tip unequally 2-lobed, thick, leathery. Corymbs leaf-opposed; flower-cluster-stalk 3.5-5 cm long. Floral bracts scaly, broadly round, broader than long. Flowers 0.8-1 cm across; sepals and petals 0.8-1 x 0.3-0.5 cm,ovate-lanceshaped, creamy yellow with reddish-brown transverse bands, thick, fleshy. Lip about 8 x 4 mm, fleshy, creamy white with narrow red streaks, saccate at base, 3-lobed; lateral lobes small; mid-lobe ovate-blunt, margin crispate; spur short. Anther at branch-ends, 2-loculed; pollinia 2, spherical. Capsule to 4 cm long, cylindrical, ribbed. Wight’s Acampe is found in Peninsular India, Sri Lanka and E India. Flowering: March-April.

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Medicinal Uses:
The orchid is used traditionally by for treating ailments such as stomachache, earache, backache, wounds, neuralgia, rheumatism, eye diseases, sciatica, cough and fracture. A. praemorsa is investigated for various pharmacological activities. Studies have revealed the potential of A. praemorsa to exhibit a range of bioactivities such as anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. In conclusion, A. praemorsa is an extensively used epiphytic orchid for medicinal purposes in several parts of the India and other countries.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acampe_praemorsa
https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Wight%27s%20Acampe.html
http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/2224#:~:text=praemorsa%20to%20exhibit%20a%20range,the%20India%20and%20other%20countries.

Categories
ORCHID

Robiquetia

Botanical Name:Robiquetia
Family: Orchidaceae

Subfamily:Epidendroideae
Kingdom:Plantae
Order: Asparagales
Tribe: Vandeae
Subtribe:Aeridinae
Genus: Robiquetia

Synonyms:
*Malleola J.J.Sm. & Schltr.
*Abdominea J.J.Sm.
*Megalotus Garay
*India A.N.Rao
*Samarorchis Ormerod

Common Names:Pouched orchids, Ji shu lan shu
Chinese name: Jishu lan. In Hong Kong: preci- pice orchid, big ladder orchid
Thai name: Uang Man Pu

Habitat:Robiquetia is native to throughout Asia, New Guinea, northern Australia and the islands of the Pacific Ocean.The large pouched orchid grows on trees and rocks in rainforest, usually in strong light.

Description:
Orchids in the genus Robiquetia are epiphytic, monopodial herbs with pendulous, fibrous, sometimes branching stems and many smooth roots. The leaves are arranged in two ranks and are thick and leathery, oblong to elliptic, with a divided, asymmetrical, tip. Many small, densely crowded flowers are arranged on a pendulous flowering stem that emerges from a leaf axil. The sepals and petals are similar to each other and the labellum has three lobes and an inflated spur on its tip.Flowering period is May to August in Thailand and northeast India. It ?owers from June to September in China. It is found open forests and on cliffs at 500–1200 m in India and Bhutan across Myanmar and Thailand to Laos and Vietnam, and China.

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Cultivation:
Temperature: Warm to intermediate.
Light: Filtered diffuse light, no direct sun.
Water-Humidity: Maintain even moisture and high humidity. Constant air movement is also important.
Fertilizer:Half-strength balanced fertilizer during the growing cycle, once a week. Once every 2 weeks in the cooler months.
Potting: Medium grade bark or aggregate mix in a terra cotta or plastic pot.

Medicinal Uses:

Phytochemistry: Alkaloid is present in small amounts.
Herbal Usage: The whole plant is used as a blood tonic. In CTM, it is used to treat “heaty coughs”; it soothes the lungs.

Chinese medicinal name: Xiaoyejishu Lan

Phytochemistry: Alkaloid is present in small amounts.
Herbal Usage: The whole plant is used as a blood tonic. In CTM, it is used to treat “heaty coughs”; it soothes the lungs.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robiquetia
https://www.aos.org/orchids/orchids-a-to-z/letter-r/robiquetia.aspx
https://www.perfumeworkshop.com/therapeuticorchids7.html