Herbs & Plants

Muktajhuri (Acalypha indica )

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Botanical Name : Acalypha indica Linn/Acalypha caroliniana Blanco
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Genus: Acalypha
Species: Acalypha indica Linn.
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Euphorbiales

Common Name
:Muktajhuri, Kuppi, Chalmari, Arithamanjara, Indan Acalypa, Swetbasanta(Beng.)  Maraotong (Ilk.) ,Taptapiñgar (Ilk.) Indian nettle (Engl.) Indian copperleaf (Engl.) , Indian acalypha (Engl.)

Vernacular Name:
Sans. –Arittamanjarie.
Eng. –Indian acalypha.
Hind. – Kuppu; Khokali.
Ben. –Muktajhuri; Sveta-basanta.
Guj.– Vanchi Kanto.
Mab.—Khokli ; Khajoti.
Tel. – Kuppichettu; Harita-manjiri; Kuppinta or Muripindi.
Tam. – Kuppivaeni; Kuppaimeni.
Mal. – Kuppamani.
Sinb .—Kupa-menya.

Habitat :Common annual shrub in Indian gardens, backyards of houses and waste place throughout the plains of India.A common weed in and about towns, in thickets and waste places throughout the Philippines.

An erect, simple or branched, slightly hairy annual herb, growing to a height of 40-80 cm. Leaves are ovate. 3 to 6 cm long, shorter than the long stalks, with toothed margins. Flowers are sessile, greenish, borne on numerous lax axillary spikes. The male flowers are very small, clustered at the summit. Female flowers are solitary and scattered, with a large and leafy bract, 5-6 mm long. Capsules are 2 mm long and concealed by the bract, containing one seed which is ovoid and smooth.

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You may click to see more pictures .

Edible Uses:
Edible Parts: Plant, Leaf, Root
In India during famine it was eaten asfood, leaves eaten as vegetable.

Main Constituents:
Contains an alkaloid, acalyphine.  Anthelminthic, cathartic, emetic, expectorant, laxative.

Medicinal Uses:
*Decoction of leaves used for dysentery.
*Juice of the root and leaves given to children as expectorant and emetic.
*The leaves, in decoction or powdered form, is used as a laxative.
*For constipation, an anal suppository of the bruised leaves helps relax the constricted sphincter ani muscle.
*Leaves mixed with garlic used as anthelminthic.
*Leaves mixed with common salt applied to scabies.
*Poultice of bruised leaves used for syphilitic ulcers, to maggot-eaten sores and as emollient to snake bites.
*Powdered dried leaves for bed sores.
*Juice of fresh leaves, mixed with oil or lime, used for rheumatic complaints.
*Decoction of leaves used as instillation for earaches and for periauricular poultice or compress
*Root, bruised in water, used as cathartic.
*Bruised leaves used as “suppository” in constipation.

In Indian pharmacopoeia, used as an expectorant. Also used for the prevention and reversal of atherosclerotic disease.
In Tamilnadu, India, the Paliyar tribes of Shenbagathope use the entire plant for bronchitis, a decoction of the herb for tooth- and earaches and paste of the leaves applied to burns.

For more knowledge click to see :Review of Acalypha indica, Linn in Traditional Siddha
Medicine by Thomas M.Walter

• Post-Coital Infertility Activity: Petroleum ether and ethanol extracts of A. indica were found to be effective in causing significant anti-implantation activity.
• Flavonoids: Four known kaempferol glycosides–mauritianin, clitorin, nicotiflorin and biorobin were isolated from the flowers and leaves of A. indica.
• Phytochemicals: Studies yielded fatty acids (eicosatrienoic acid methyl ester, hexatriacontaine, trimethyl undecatriene and trifluoroacetic acid), volatile essential oil (phytol), and flavonoids (naringing, quercitrin, hesperitin and kaempferol; most of the identified components having their own medicinal properties.
Antibacterial: Study have shown it to possess antibacterial activity against Aeromonas hydrophylla and Bacillus cereus.
• Anti-ulcer: Ethanol extract has an anti-ulcer property.
• Antifungal / Antimicrobial:(1) Study of fresh, dried and powdered samples of leaf, stem and root of Acalypha indica showed activity against Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and E. coli. An active compound showed more activity than clotrimazole. (2) Study concludes the plant has potential antifungal properties providing a scientific basis for utilization of the plant for treatment of antifungal infections. Results of study were negative for antibacterial activity against E coli and S aureus.
• Antimalarial: Results of leaf extract of A. indica show promising larvicidal and ovicidal activity against malaria vector A. stephensi.
•Neuroprotective / Neurotherapeutic: Results of water extract study showed A indica has neuroprotective and neurotherapeutic effects ex vivo on m. gastrocnemius frog.
• Antioxidant: Ethanol and aqueous extract of root of A indica showed nitric oxide scavenging activity in a dose-dependent manner.
• Antibacterial / Antioxidant: Study of Acalypha indica and Ocimum basilicum showed antibacterial activity against E coli, K pneumonia, S aureus, P aeruginosa and Proteus sp, the ethanol more effective than the acetone extract.

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings:-
Post-coital antifertility activity of Acalypha indica L. / Journal of Ethnopharmacology Vol 67, Issue 3, 30 November 1999, Pages 253-258/doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(98)00213-X
Flavonoids from Acalypha indica
/ A Nahrstedt, M Hungeling, F Peterelt / Fitoterapia Vol 77, Issue 6, September 2006, Pages 484-486 / doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2006.04.007
Preliminary studies on the analysis of fatty acids, essential oils and flavonoids in Acalypha indica L. / J. Trop. Agric. and Fd. Sc. 32(2)(2004): 16R3. –Su1r6i,9 H.
Isolation, Identification and Study of Antimicrobial Property of a Bioactive Compound in an Indian Medicinal Plant Acalypha indica (Indian-Nettle) / World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Volume 21, Numbers 6-7, October 2005 , pp. 1231-1236(6) /
Studies on effect of Acalypha indica L. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf extracts on the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera:Culicidae) / Govindarajan,MJebanesan,APushpanathan,TSamidurai,K/ Parasitology Researc / 2008vol.103(no.3)
NEURO-PROTECTION AND NEURO-THERAPY EFFECTS OF Acalypha indica Linn. WATER EXTRACT EX VIVO ON Musculus gastrocnemius Frog / Ernie Purwaningsih et al / Makara Kesehatan. Vol 12, No 2, Dec 2008: 71-76 /
The Evaluation of Nitric Oxide Scavenging Activity of Acalypha Indica Linn Root
/ Balakrishnan N et al / Asian J. Research Chem. 2(2): April.-June, 2009
Isolation of potential antibacterial and antioxidant compounds from Acalypha indica and Ocimum basilicum
/ K Ramya Durga et al / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 3(10), pp. 703-706, October, 2009

Disclaimer:The information presented herein ,  is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Click to access Microsoft_Word_-_Acalypha.pdf

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Herbs & Plants

Acalypha fruticosa


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Botanical Name :Acalypha fruticosa Forssk.
Famille :   Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Acalypha

Synonyms:Acalypha betulina Retz, Acalypha capitata Wall. , Acalypha chrysadenia Suess. & Friedrich, Acalypha fruticosa var. villosa Hutch, Acalypha paxiana Dinter ex Pax & K.Hoffm.

Common Names: Cinna, Birch-leaved acalypha, Chinni, Sinnimaram, Sinni, Chinniaka.

Habitat :Africa, East Tropical Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda , Northeast Tropical Africa, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan  , Southern Africa, Namibia, Asia-Temperate, Arabian Peninsula, North Yemen, Saudi Arabia Asia-Tropical, Indian Subcontinent, Sri Lanka

An aromatic shrub up to 4 m tall.Stems pubescent and greenish at first, later glabrescent and reddish-brown.Petioles 0.53 cm long.Leaf blades 27 14.5 cm, ovate to rhombic-ovate, shortly caudate-acuminate at the apex, crenate-serrate to dentate on the margin, rounded to wide-cuneate or subtruncate at the base, membranous to thinly chartaceous, sparingly or evenly yellowish-pellucid gland-dotted beneath, sparingly to evenly pubescent on both surfaces, and usually more densely so along the midrib and main nerves beneath, 5(7)-nerved from the base; lateral nerves in 24 pairs.Stipules 34 mm, narrowly lanceolate, puberulous, chestnut-brown.Plants usually monoecious.Inflorescences rarely exceeding 2 cm in length, spicate, axillary, usually androgynous with a densely congested terminal male portion and with 14 bracteate female flowers at or near the base; male bracts 1 mm long, ovate, densely white-pubescent; female bracts foliaceous, accrescent to c. 810 1015 mm, broadly ovate to reniform, crenate or repand-dentate, sparingly yellow gland-dotted and often fairly prominently ribbed on the lower surface, sparingly pubescent, 1-flowered.Male flowers subsessile; buds tetragonous-subglobose, densely pubescent or white-tomentose.Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, ciliate; ovary 0.7 mm in diameter, 3-lobed to subglobose, smooth, yellow-glandular in the grooves, densely pubescent; styles 4 mm long, free, laciniate, pink or red.Fruits 2 3 mm, 3-lobed, yellow gland-dotted, evenly pubescent-pilose.Seeds 1.52 11.3 mm, ellipsoid-ovoid, smooth, brown, with an elliptic vulviform caruncle.

You may click to see the pictures of  Acalypha fruticosa  


Leaves: Ovate to rhombic-ovate, shortly caudate-acuminate at the apex, crenate-serrate to dentate on the margin . Stems: Pubescent and greenish at first, later glabrescent and reddish-brown . Flowers: Female flowers are arranged singly or up to threes in the inflorescence . Flowers: Female flowers are broadly ovate to reniform, crenate or repand-dentate, sparingly yellow, gland dotted and often fairly prominently ribbed on the lower surface . Flowers: Male flowers are ovate, densely white-pubescent . Fruits: Yellow gland-dotted, evenly pubescent-pilose, 3-lobed . Height: 0.1-2 m [5104]. Height: 1-2 m . Height: Up to 4 m tall.

Medicinal Uses:
Roots, humans, gonorrhoea: In East Africa the root is used for gonorrhoea (Bally 1937) . Leaves, humans, cholera: In Tanzania the leaves of variety villosa are used as a remedy for cholera (Brenan and Greenway 1949) . In East India and Arabia the leaves are used in cholera (Dragendorff 1898) . Roots, humans, venereal diseases (non-specified) : In central Africa venereal disease is treated with the root . Roots, humans, fever: A decoction of the root is used as a febrifuge ( Brenan and Greenway 1949) . Humans, fever: The Sukuma regard the plant as an active febrifuge . Roots, humans, venereal disease (non-specified) , oral ingestion: The Pare drink an infusion of the root for chancre (Bally 1937, 1938) . Humans, fever: The plant is said to be effective for fever.

Digestive System Disorders, leaves, humans, stomach; humans, stomach  Infections/Infestations, roots, humans, venereal diseases (non-specified); humans, fever ; leaves, humans, cholera; roots, humans, gonorrhoea; roots, humans, venereal diseases (non-specified) , oral ingestion; roots, humans, fever Inflammation, leaf juice, humans, eyes ; leaf juice, humans, eyes, inflammation, eye drops  Injuries, humans, wounds, dressings; humans, wounds Pain, humans, chest ; leaves, humans, stomach  Poisonings, humans, snake bites Respiratory System Disorders, humans, coughs Sensory System Disorders, leaves, humans, eyes, eye drops.

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


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Ailmemts & Remedies

Alphabetical List Of Common Ailments Respond To Healing Power Of Herbs

ANEMIA: Ash Groud, Clery, Chicory, Dill, Fenugreek,Gokulakanta,,Hog weed,Onion, Wormwood

ARTHRITIS/RHEUMATISM : Alfalfa, Blood Wort, CastorSeeds, Celery,Chirayata,Colchium,Ephedra,Garlic,Gokulakanta,Indian Aloe,Indian Gooseberry, Indian Sarsaparilla,Indian Senna,Indian Squill,Ispaghula,Leadwort,Lemon Grass
Madhuca,Nutmeg,Pepper,Rosemary,Saffron,Sage,Turpeth,Vasaka, Winter Cherry

ASTHMA/BRONCHITIS: Aniseed,Arjuna, Asafoetida,Bay Berry, Bishop’s Weed, Black Nightshade, Calamus, Clery, Chebulic Myroblan, Chicory, Clove, Datura, Ephedra, Euphorbia, Garlic, Ginger, Hermal, Hog Weed, Holy Basil Hyssop,Indian Acalypha, Indian Gooseberry, Indian Squill, Kantakari, Linseed, Marjoram, Pergularia, Rhubarb, Rough Chaff, Saussurea, Turmeric, Vasaka.

BURNS, SCALDS AND BOILS: Betal Leaves, Butea, Chalmogra, Chebulic Myroblan, Cumin Seeds, Curry Leaves, Dill, Indian Mellow, Madhuca, Margosa, Marigold, Parsley, Tamarind, Turmeric, Winter Cherry, Zizyphus

CATARACT: Aniseed,Fenugreek, Garlic, Indian Mallow, Indian Sorrel,Parsley,

CHOLERA: Clove, Fenugreek, Indian Barberry, Lemon Grass, Margosa, Onion, Poppy Seed, Rough Chaff

Bishop’s Weed, Bitter Chamomile, Blood Wort, Cassia, Coriander, Cumin Seeds, Dill, Ginger, Hog Weed, Indian Spikenard, Ispaghula, Marjoram, Saffron, Zizyphus

COMMON COLD: Bishop’s Weed, Cassia, Cinnamon, Cumin Seeds, Ginger, Holy Basil, Hyssop, Nutmeg, Onion, Pepper, Vasaka.

CONJUCTIVITIS/OPTHALMIA: Babul, Coriander, East Indian Rosebay, Hog Weed, Indian Barberry, Marigold, Parsley, Pergularia, Rough Chaff, Tenner’s Casia.

CONSTIPATION: Bael Fruit, Belleric Myroblan, Betel Leaves, Cassia, Chebulic Myroblan, Chicory, Cinnamon, Fennel, Hog Weed, Indian Alo, , Indian Senna, Ispaghula, Metamucil, Linseed, Liquorice, Purslane, Peepal, Picrorhiza, Rhubarb,
Snake Groud,

CORNS:Indian Squill, Marigold, Liquorice

COUGH/SORE THROAT :Bayberry, Belleric Myroblan, Betel Leaves, Butea, Cardomom, Clove, Euphorbia, Fennel, Fenugreek, Garlic, Ginger, Henna, Hog Weed, Holy Basil, Indian Alo, Linseed, Liquorice, Madhuca, Pepper, Rough Chaff, Sage, Tenner’s Casia, Turmeric, Vasaka

DANDRUFF & HAIR FALLING: Alfalfa, Ash Gourd, Curry Leaves, Euphorbia, Fenugreek, Indian Hemp, Rosemary, Trailing Eclipta


DIABETES: Butea, Curry Leaves, Fenugreek, Indian Gooseberry, Madhuca, Tenner’s Casia

DIARRHOEA & DYSENTERY: Arjuna, Babul, Beal Fruit, Banyan, Belleric Myroblan, Bishop’s Weed, Black Nightshade, Butea, Chebulic Myroblan, Chicory, Cumin Seed


DROPSY: Alfalfa, Arjuna, Belleric Myroblan, Black Nightshade, Digitalis, Euphorbia, Gokulakanta, Kantakari, Marjoram, Rough Chaff

DYSURIA:Kantakari, Purslane, Sandalwood

EARACHE :Beal Fruit, Bishop’s Weed, Bitter Chamomile, Clove, Ginger, Holy Basil

ECZEMA:Babul, Butea, Linseed, Madhuca

FEVER/DENGUE FEVER:- Bloodwort, Cassia, Chirayata, Coriander, Datura, Ephedra, Funugreek, Hermal, Hog Weed, Holy Basil, Indian Bayberry, Indian Mallow, Indian Sorrel, Lemon Balm, Lemon Grass, Pergularia, Saffron, Sandalwood, Snake Gourd,

GALL STONES: Celery, Kantakari

GLAUCOMA: Indian Gooseberry

GOUT: Castor Seeds, Celery, Gokulakanta, Holy Basil, Turpeth, Zizyphus

GLYCOSURIA: Asoka, Bay Berry, Butea, Calamus, Chirayata, , Ispaghula, Indian Barberry, Indian Sarsaparilla, Jaundice Berry, Leadwort, Nutmeg, Peepal, Pergularia, Poppy Seeds, Rhubarb, Rough Chaff, Sandalwood, Vasaka, Wood Apple

HEADACHES & MIGRAINE:Betel Leaves, Bishop’s Weed, Clove, Ginger, Henna, Indian Hemp

HEART DISORDERS: Alfalfa, Arjuna, Bloodwort, Digitalis, Garlic, Hog Weed, Indian Gooseberry, Kantakari, Lemon Balm, Onion, Peepal, Snake Gourd

HERPES :-Linseed

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE:Alfalfa, Bloodwort, Garlic, Jaundice Berry, Parsley, Rauwolfia

HYSTERIA:-Asafoetida, Ash Gourd, Picrorhiza, Rauwolfia, Saffron, Turmeric

INDIGESTION/DYSPEPSIA/GAS/ACIDITY:-Aniseed, Belleric Myroblan, Bishop’s Weed, Bitter Chamomile, Bloodwort, Calamus, Caraway Seeds, Cardamom, Cassia, Celery, Chebulic Myroblan, Cinnamon, Clove, Coriander, Cumin Seeds, Curry Leaves, Devil’s Tree, Dill, Ephedra, Fennel, Fenugreek, Ginger, Hyssop, Indian Aloe, Indian Sarsaparilla, Indian Spikenard, Jaundice Berry, Lemon Grass, Marjoram, Margosa, Pepper, Picrorhiza, Rosemary, Saffron, Saussurea, Tamarind, Turmeric

INFLUENZA:Fenugreek, Holy Basil, Marjoram, Onion, Zizyphus

ISOMNIA:Aniseed, Clery, Cumin Seeds, Indian Hemp, Indian Sorrel, Nutmeg, Poppy Seeds, Rauwolfia, Valerian

INTESTINAL WORMS: Ash Gourd, Bamboo, Belleric Myroblan, Butea, Chirayta, East Indian Rosebay, Indian Acalypha, Indian Aloe, Indian Senna, Purslane, Snake Gourd, Turmeric, Wormwood

JAUNDICE: Chicory, Gokulakanta, Hog Weed, Indian Aloe, Indian Pennywort, Jaundice Berry, Parsley, Picrorhiza, Snake Gourd

KIDNEY STONE:Celery, Holy Basil

LEUCODERMA : Asafoetida, Asoka, Babul, Banyan, Butea, Henna

LIVER PROBLEM & CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER: Chicory, Dandelion, Garlic, Henna, Hog Weed, Indian Aloe, Jaundice Berry, Kantakari, Lemon Balm, Picrorhiza, Snake Gourd

LOW BLOOD PRESSURE: Indian Spikenard, Rauwolfia,

LOW BACK PAIN/LUMBAGO:Betel Leaves, Garlic, Indian Aloe, Lemon Grass, Rhubarb, Saffron

MEASLES: Cinnamon, Turmeric

MENSTRUAL PROBLEMS: Asafoetida, Asoka, Bamboo, Blood Wort, Chicory, Dill, Ginger, Henna, Hermal, Indian Hemp, Indian Spikenard, Indian Squill, Jaundice Berry, Lemon Grass, Pergularia, Tenner’s Casia

MUSCULAR CRAMPS : Clove, Ginger, Kantakari, Liquorice, Pepper,

MYOPIA: Liquorice

NAUSEA: Cassia, Curry Leaves, Hog Weed

NEPHRITIS: Linseed, Parsley


PEPTIC ULCER: Ash Gourd, Beal Fruit


PIMPLE/ACNE: Arjuna, Cinnamon, Coriander, Funugreek, Sandalwood

PLEURISY: Clery, Hog Weed, Linseed

PRICKLY HEAT: Sandalwood

PSORIASIS: Black Nightshade

PYORRHEA : Holy Basil, Pepper,

RINGWORM/DHOBI’S ITCH : Butea, Cassia, Coriander, Cumin Seeds, Holy Basil, Hyssop, Indian Squill, Leadwort, Lemon Grass, Turmeric

SCIATICA: Bitter Chamomile, Indian Aloe, Nutmeg

SCURVY: Jaundice Berry, Wood Apple

SINUSITIS: Ephedra,Fenugreek

SPRAIN: Hyssop,Marjoram, Turmeric

SYPHILLIS: Gokulkanta, Indian Mallow, Indian Pennywort, Poppy Seeds

TONSILITIS:Babul, Kantakari, Madhuca

TOOTHACHE/TEETH DISORDERS: Asafoetida, Babul, Banyan, Bay Berry, Clove, Holi Basil, Indian Mellow, Marjoram, Onion, Pepper

TUBERCULOSIS:Ash Gourd, Celery, Chalmogra, Ginger, Indian Hemp, Linseed, Marigold, Onion, Winter Cherry

TYPHOID:Jaundice Berry

ULCER: Bamboo, Fenugreek, Hog Weed, Leadwort, Marigold, Parslane

VAGINITIS: Chebulic Myroblan

WHITLOW: Chebulic Myroblan, Ispaghula

WHOOPIN COUGH: Datura, Garlic

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Sources:Herbs That Heal

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Herbs & Plants

Indian Acalypha

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Botanical Name: Acalypha Indica

Indian Name: Khokali

Chamorro: hierba del cancer

English: copperleaf, Indian acalypha, Indian-nettle

Niuean: hongohongo, ogoogo, ongoongo

Spanish: hierba de cancer, ricinela


Habitat/ecology: “Occasional in disturbed and cultivated places” (Whistler, 1988; p. 17). In Guam, “abundant in waste ground and in towns” (Stone, 1970; p. 367).

Propagation: Seed

Native range: Africa, southern Asia to the Philippines; Taiwan (GRIN).


Description: “A small erect annual herb up to 60 cm tall or a little more, with a few ascending branches, these angled and pubescent; leaves broadly ovate, subdeltoid, rather coarsely toothed, on petioles as long as or longer than the 3-5 cm long blades; nerves 3-5 from base, thereafter pinnately arranged; stipules minute; flowers sessile on erect axillary spikes longer than the leaf; male flowers minute, crowded distally; stamens 8, female flowers scattered along the inflorescence axis, each subtended by a conspicuous semicupular foliaceous toothed green bract nearly 7 mm long; capsule hispid, 1 mm broad, 3-locular”. It has numerous long ,angular branches covered with soft hair. Its thin egg-shaped leaves have smooth surfaces.The plant contains the alkaloid acalyphine which is an active principl.

Uses: The root,leaves and young shoots of the plant have several medicinal value.The drug made from it increases the secretion and discharge of urine.It is a very good laxative.The juice of the leaves is an efficient emetic for inducing vomiting.The root in small dose s is expectorant and nauseant. It helps remove catarrhal matter and phelgm from the broncal tubes.The drug is useful as an external application of skin diseases. A paste of its fresh leaves is applied to the affected parts. The juice of the fresh leaves can be applied for scabies and other skin diseases, such as syphilitic ulcers,bedsores,maggot-infested sores and wounds. Indian acalypha is a popular remedy for rheumatism. The juice of the fresh leaves mixed with lime and onion and a mixture of fresh juice and oil can also be applied in rheumatic arthritis.

The herb is of special value in treating croup, a disease mostly occuring in chieldren. It is characterized by caugh and difficulty in breathing and is caused by an obstruction in the larynx. Ther herb is safe to use in this condition and also act fast. The juice can be used beneficially in dose of one tsp. The herb is useful in killing intestinal worms.The juice of the leaves or its decoction , mixed with a little garlic can be given for such symptoms.A decoction of the leaves is very effective laxative and can be used in constipation. A suppository of the fresh leaves , introduced in the rectum of small chieldren suffering from constipation, induces free motions.

The following are the strongest indications of Acalypha Indica for its use in homeopathy. Entries on a white backgorund are from Boericke’s Materia Medica, other entries are from a reversed Kent’s repertory.

A drug having a marked action on the alimentary canal and respiratory organs. It is indicated in incipient phthisis, with hard, racking cough, bloody expectoration, arterial hemorrhage, but no febrile disturbance. Very weak in the morning, gains strength during day. Progressive emaciation. All pathological hemorrhages having notably a MORNING worse.
WORSE in morning.

Burning in intestines
Spluttering diarrhea with forcible expulsion of noisy flatus, bearing down pains and tenesmus
Rumbling distention, and griping pain in abdomen
Rectal hemorrhage; worse in morning.
Burning in pharynx, oesophagus, and Stomach.
Pulse soft and compressible
Blood bright red and not profuse in morning; dark and clotted in afternoon
Constant and severe pain in chest
Cough dry, hard, followed by hemoptysis; worse in morning and at night
Itching and circumscribed furuncle-like swellings.
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Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Miracles of Herbs