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Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the Pancreas. The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach . It secretes insulin, which is of fundamental importance in the handling of glucose. If the pancreas is not functioning properly diabetes may develop.
Another function of the pancreas is to secrete digestive enzymes into the small intestine through a tube called the pancreatic duct. These enzymes help digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in food.
In pancreatitis, the enzymes that help digest fats, proteins and carbohydrates in food become active inside the pancreas and start digesting the pancreas
The symptoms of acute pancreatitis usually begins with severe pain in the upper abdomen. The pain may last for a few days. Some of the other symptoms are: swollen and tender abdomen, sweating, nausea, vomiting,fever, mild jaundice, and rapid pulse.
To diagnose pancreatitis, your doctor will take your medical history and perform a complete medical examination. He or she will be particularly interested in how much alcohol you drink and if you have had symptoms of gallstones. Diagnostic tests include blood and urine studies for pancreatic enzymes and sugars, x-rays of the abdomen and chest, ultrasound exam of the pancreas and gallbladder, and computed tomography (CT) scan of the pancreas. In severe cases of chronic pancreatitis, your doctor may order an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). An ERCP is a way of looking at your pancreas through a slim flexible tube, called an endoscope, that is inserted into your mouth and down to the pancreas. An endoscope is fitted with a tiny fiber optic camera that gives the physician a detailed view of the pancreas. During the ERCP, the physician can remove a sample of tissue, a biopsy, from the pancreas.In some cases the doctor may want to do Endoscoip Ultrasonography(EUS) to detect the cause of Pancreatities. Your doctor may also want a stool sample to test for excess fats.
Types Of Pancreatities:
There are two main typs of pancreatitis: acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and lasts for a short period of time. It ususally resolves. Some people with acute pancreatitis may have more than one attack and recover completely after each. However, acute pancreatitis can be a severe, life-threatening illness with many complications. About 80,000 cases occur in the United States each year. About 20 percent of the cases are severe.Many young people dies in Pancreatities due to the faulty ways of drinking too much alcohol in empty stomac to get a quick kick.Several times they forget the art of drinking alcohol .Alcohol should always be drunk after eating some food or along with food,slowly (not too fast) and enjoy a soothing sensation.
Chronic pancreatitis occurs over a long period of time and does not resolve itself. Chronic pancreatitis results in a slow destruction of the pancreas. The usual cause of chronic pancreatitis is many years of alcohol abuse, but the chronic form may also be triggered by only one acute attack, especially if the pancreatic ducts are damaged. The result of chronic pancreatitis is an inability to properly digest fat caused by a lack of pancreatic enzymes. The production of insulin is also affected.
Causes Of Pancreatities:
Acute pancreatitis is usually caused by drinking too much alcohol(sometimes specially in empty stomac) or by gallstone. A gallstone can block the pancreatic duct, trapping digestive enzymes in the pancreas and causing pancreatitis.
Chronic pancrestitis occurs when digestive enzymes attack and destroy the pancreas and nearby tissues.. Chronic pancratitis is usually caused by many years of alcohol abuse, excess iron in the blood, and other unknown factors. However, it may also be triggered by only one acute attack, especially if the pancreatic ducts are damaged.
Complecations of Pancreatities:
Some of the complications from pancreatitis are: low blood pressure heart and kidney failure, ARDS(adult respiratory distress symdrome),diabetes, ascites,accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, ans cysts or abscesses in the pancreas.
Treatments of Pancreatities:
Treatment depends on how bad the attack is. If no complications in the form of kidney failure or lung problems occur, acute pancreatitis usually improves on its own.
The goal of therapy is to maintain circulation and fluid volume. Treatment measures must also relieve pain and decrease pancreatic secretions. In 90% of patients with acute pancreatitis, the disease occurs as a mild self-limiting illness and requires simple supportive care alone. In the remaining 10% of patients, the disease can evolve into a severe form of acute pancreatitis with significant complications, a lengthy duration of illness, and a significant mortality rate.
Although pancreatitis isn’t always preventable, you can take steps to reduce your risk:
- Avoid excessive alcohol use. Overuse of alcohol (in empty stomac specially) is the leading cause of chronic pancreatitis and a contributing factor in many acute attacks.
- Stop smoking. Tobacco use increases your risk of pancreatitis, especially if you also drink alcohol.
- Limit fat. Eating a high-fat diet can raise your blood-fat levels and increase your risk of gallstones – both risk factors for pancreatitis. A healthy diet emphasizes fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein, and limits fats, especially saturated fats such as butter.
Extracted partly from:http://www.mamashealth.com/pancreatitis.asp and http://www.diseases-conditions.info/diseases/pancreatitis.html
Herbal Remedy of Hereditary Pancreatitis
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.
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