Herbs & Plants

Desmostachya bipinnata

Botanical Name :Desmostachya bipinnata
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Eragrostideae
Genus: Eragrostis
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Poales

Synonyms:Eragrostis cynosuriodes

Common Names:Kusha, Sacred Creeping Grass, Kusa, Durba, Durva, Dab, Lovegrass, Canegrass

Habitat :Desmostachya bipinnata is native to northeast and west tropical, and northern Africa (in Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, Mauritania, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia); and countries in the Middle East, and temperate and tropical Asia (in Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Thailand).
Leaf blade width: 1–3 mm
Inflorescence branches: the flowers are attached to branches rather than to the main axis of the inflorescence
Spikelet length: 4–10 mm
Glume relative length: neither glume is quite as long as all of the florets
Awn on glume: the glume has no awn. One or more florets there is more than one floret per spikelet
Lemma awn length: 0 mm
Leaf ligule length: 0.6–1.5 mm
Anther length: 0.6–1.2 mm


Medicinal Uses:
In folk medicine, Desmostachya bipinnata has been used variously to treat dysentery and menorrhagia, and as a diuretic.

Ayurvedic Applications: Root-dysentery, menorrhagia, other bleeding disorders like hemorrhoids, purpura, etc. Used as an infusion.

Desmostachya bipinnata has long been used in various traditions as a sacred plant. According to early Buddhist accounts, it was the material used by Buddha for his meditation seat when he attained enlightenment.The plant was mentioned in the Rig Veda for use in sacred ceremonies and also as a seat for priests and the gods. Kusha grass is specifically recommended by Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita as part of the ideal seat for meditation.
Other Uses: It has been planted widely to reclaim eroded soils. Birds and small mammals feast on its ripe seeds, and livestock graze young plants. This grass also supports a diverse insect fauna including cinch bugs, seed bugs, leafhoppers, and turtle bugs.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Ailmemts & Remedies

Alphabetical List Of Common Ailments Respond To Healing Power Of Herbs

ANEMIA: Ash Groud, Clery, Chicory, Dill, Fenugreek,Gokulakanta,,Hog weed,Onion, Wormwood

ARTHRITIS/RHEUMATISM : Alfalfa, Blood Wort, CastorSeeds, Celery,Chirayata,Colchium,Ephedra,Garlic,Gokulakanta,Indian Aloe,Indian Gooseberry, Indian Sarsaparilla,Indian Senna,Indian Squill,Ispaghula,Leadwort,Lemon Grass
Madhuca,Nutmeg,Pepper,Rosemary,Saffron,Sage,Turpeth,Vasaka, Winter Cherry

ASTHMA/BRONCHITIS: Aniseed,Arjuna, Asafoetida,Bay Berry, Bishop’s Weed, Black Nightshade, Calamus, Clery, Chebulic Myroblan, Chicory, Clove, Datura, Ephedra, Euphorbia, Garlic, Ginger, Hermal, Hog Weed, Holy Basil Hyssop,Indian Acalypha, Indian Gooseberry, Indian Squill, Kantakari, Linseed, Marjoram, Pergularia, Rhubarb, Rough Chaff, Saussurea, Turmeric, Vasaka.

BURNS, SCALDS AND BOILS: Betal Leaves, Butea, Chalmogra, Chebulic Myroblan, Cumin Seeds, Curry Leaves, Dill, Indian Mellow, Madhuca, Margosa, Marigold, Parsley, Tamarind, Turmeric, Winter Cherry, Zizyphus

CATARACT: Aniseed,Fenugreek, Garlic, Indian Mallow, Indian Sorrel,Parsley,

CHOLERA: Clove, Fenugreek, Indian Barberry, Lemon Grass, Margosa, Onion, Poppy Seed, Rough Chaff

Bishop’s Weed, Bitter Chamomile, Blood Wort, Cassia, Coriander, Cumin Seeds, Dill, Ginger, Hog Weed, Indian Spikenard, Ispaghula, Marjoram, Saffron, Zizyphus

COMMON COLD: Bishop’s Weed, Cassia, Cinnamon, Cumin Seeds, Ginger, Holy Basil, Hyssop, Nutmeg, Onion, Pepper, Vasaka.

CONJUCTIVITIS/OPTHALMIA: Babul, Coriander, East Indian Rosebay, Hog Weed, Indian Barberry, Marigold, Parsley, Pergularia, Rough Chaff, Tenner’s Casia.

CONSTIPATION: Bael Fruit, Belleric Myroblan, Betel Leaves, Cassia, Chebulic Myroblan, Chicory, Cinnamon, Fennel, Hog Weed, Indian Alo, , Indian Senna, Ispaghula, Metamucil, Linseed, Liquorice, Purslane, Peepal, Picrorhiza, Rhubarb,
Snake Groud,

CORNS:Indian Squill, Marigold, Liquorice

COUGH/SORE THROAT :Bayberry, Belleric Myroblan, Betel Leaves, Butea, Cardomom, Clove, Euphorbia, Fennel, Fenugreek, Garlic, Ginger, Henna, Hog Weed, Holy Basil, Indian Alo, Linseed, Liquorice, Madhuca, Pepper, Rough Chaff, Sage, Tenner’s Casia, Turmeric, Vasaka

DANDRUFF & HAIR FALLING: Alfalfa, Ash Gourd, Curry Leaves, Euphorbia, Fenugreek, Indian Hemp, Rosemary, Trailing Eclipta


DIABETES: Butea, Curry Leaves, Fenugreek, Indian Gooseberry, Madhuca, Tenner’s Casia

DIARRHOEA & DYSENTERY: Arjuna, Babul, Beal Fruit, Banyan, Belleric Myroblan, Bishop’s Weed, Black Nightshade, Butea, Chebulic Myroblan, Chicory, Cumin Seed


DROPSY: Alfalfa, Arjuna, Belleric Myroblan, Black Nightshade, Digitalis, Euphorbia, Gokulakanta, Kantakari, Marjoram, Rough Chaff

DYSURIA:Kantakari, Purslane, Sandalwood

EARACHE :Beal Fruit, Bishop’s Weed, Bitter Chamomile, Clove, Ginger, Holy Basil

ECZEMA:Babul, Butea, Linseed, Madhuca

FEVER/DENGUE FEVER:- Bloodwort, Cassia, Chirayata, Coriander, Datura, Ephedra, Funugreek, Hermal, Hog Weed, Holy Basil, Indian Bayberry, Indian Mallow, Indian Sorrel, Lemon Balm, Lemon Grass, Pergularia, Saffron, Sandalwood, Snake Gourd,

GALL STONES: Celery, Kantakari

GLAUCOMA: Indian Gooseberry

GOUT: Castor Seeds, Celery, Gokulakanta, Holy Basil, Turpeth, Zizyphus

GLYCOSURIA: Asoka, Bay Berry, Butea, Calamus, Chirayata, , Ispaghula, Indian Barberry, Indian Sarsaparilla, Jaundice Berry, Leadwort, Nutmeg, Peepal, Pergularia, Poppy Seeds, Rhubarb, Rough Chaff, Sandalwood, Vasaka, Wood Apple

HEADACHES & MIGRAINE:Betel Leaves, Bishop’s Weed, Clove, Ginger, Henna, Indian Hemp

HEART DISORDERS: Alfalfa, Arjuna, Bloodwort, Digitalis, Garlic, Hog Weed, Indian Gooseberry, Kantakari, Lemon Balm, Onion, Peepal, Snake Gourd

HERPES :-Linseed

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE:Alfalfa, Bloodwort, Garlic, Jaundice Berry, Parsley, Rauwolfia

HYSTERIA:-Asafoetida, Ash Gourd, Picrorhiza, Rauwolfia, Saffron, Turmeric

INDIGESTION/DYSPEPSIA/GAS/ACIDITY:-Aniseed, Belleric Myroblan, Bishop’s Weed, Bitter Chamomile, Bloodwort, Calamus, Caraway Seeds, Cardamom, Cassia, Celery, Chebulic Myroblan, Cinnamon, Clove, Coriander, Cumin Seeds, Curry Leaves, Devil’s Tree, Dill, Ephedra, Fennel, Fenugreek, Ginger, Hyssop, Indian Aloe, Indian Sarsaparilla, Indian Spikenard, Jaundice Berry, Lemon Grass, Marjoram, Margosa, Pepper, Picrorhiza, Rosemary, Saffron, Saussurea, Tamarind, Turmeric

INFLUENZA:Fenugreek, Holy Basil, Marjoram, Onion, Zizyphus

ISOMNIA:Aniseed, Clery, Cumin Seeds, Indian Hemp, Indian Sorrel, Nutmeg, Poppy Seeds, Rauwolfia, Valerian

INTESTINAL WORMS: Ash Gourd, Bamboo, Belleric Myroblan, Butea, Chirayta, East Indian Rosebay, Indian Acalypha, Indian Aloe, Indian Senna, Purslane, Snake Gourd, Turmeric, Wormwood

JAUNDICE: Chicory, Gokulakanta, Hog Weed, Indian Aloe, Indian Pennywort, Jaundice Berry, Parsley, Picrorhiza, Snake Gourd

KIDNEY STONE:Celery, Holy Basil

LEUCODERMA : Asafoetida, Asoka, Babul, Banyan, Butea, Henna

LIVER PROBLEM & CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER: Chicory, Dandelion, Garlic, Henna, Hog Weed, Indian Aloe, Jaundice Berry, Kantakari, Lemon Balm, Picrorhiza, Snake Gourd

LOW BLOOD PRESSURE: Indian Spikenard, Rauwolfia,

LOW BACK PAIN/LUMBAGO:Betel Leaves, Garlic, Indian Aloe, Lemon Grass, Rhubarb, Saffron

MEASLES: Cinnamon, Turmeric

MENSTRUAL PROBLEMS: Asafoetida, Asoka, Bamboo, Blood Wort, Chicory, Dill, Ginger, Henna, Hermal, Indian Hemp, Indian Spikenard, Indian Squill, Jaundice Berry, Lemon Grass, Pergularia, Tenner’s Casia

MUSCULAR CRAMPS : Clove, Ginger, Kantakari, Liquorice, Pepper,

MYOPIA: Liquorice

NAUSEA: Cassia, Curry Leaves, Hog Weed

NEPHRITIS: Linseed, Parsley


PEPTIC ULCER: Ash Gourd, Beal Fruit


PIMPLE/ACNE: Arjuna, Cinnamon, Coriander, Funugreek, Sandalwood

PLEURISY: Clery, Hog Weed, Linseed

PRICKLY HEAT: Sandalwood

PSORIASIS: Black Nightshade

PYORRHEA : Holy Basil, Pepper,

RINGWORM/DHOBI’S ITCH : Butea, Cassia, Coriander, Cumin Seeds, Holy Basil, Hyssop, Indian Squill, Leadwort, Lemon Grass, Turmeric

SCIATICA: Bitter Chamomile, Indian Aloe, Nutmeg

SCURVY: Jaundice Berry, Wood Apple

SINUSITIS: Ephedra,Fenugreek

SPRAIN: Hyssop,Marjoram, Turmeric

SYPHILLIS: Gokulkanta, Indian Mallow, Indian Pennywort, Poppy Seeds

TONSILITIS:Babul, Kantakari, Madhuca

TOOTHACHE/TEETH DISORDERS: Asafoetida, Babul, Banyan, Bay Berry, Clove, Holi Basil, Indian Mellow, Marjoram, Onion, Pepper

TUBERCULOSIS:Ash Gourd, Celery, Chalmogra, Ginger, Indian Hemp, Linseed, Marigold, Onion, Winter Cherry

TYPHOID:Jaundice Berry

ULCER: Bamboo, Fenugreek, Hog Weed, Leadwort, Marigold, Parslane

VAGINITIS: Chebulic Myroblan

WHITLOW: Chebulic Myroblan, Ispaghula

WHOOPIN COUGH: Datura, Garlic

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Sources:Herbs That Heal

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]
Herbs & Plants


[amazon_link asins=’B003Q5AG7I,6040338547,B001QXOOWA,604033827X,6040341947,6040339284,B0082J9DB8,B009YIWF7U,B01DKFENW2′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’6eb09601-01c9-11e7-a5ee-c31b97a3e7ed’]

Common names of Bhatkatiya, Indian Nightshade
Biological Name:
Solanum indicum
Other Names: Brihati, Kantakari, Birhatta

Hindi name:Kateli, Ringani, Katai
. Gujarati name:Bhayaringni
Marathi name:Bhuirungani
Malyalam & Tamil name: Kandan Kathiri
Sanskrit name:Kantakari, Nidigadhika, Brihati
Telugu name:Nelamulaka, Vankuda.
Kanarese name:Chikkasande, Nele Rama-gulla
Description: This herb is found throughout India.
Parts Used:
Fruit, root, plant, seeds

The purple flowered species is most common. The traditional healers and natives specialised in medicinal uses of Bhatkatiya give preference to white flowered species. In reference literatures related to different systems of medicine in India, not much has been written on this white flowered species. Also, in reference literatures on botany, very little information is available. It is common belief among natives that the presence of white flowered species in wild indicates the presence of secret treasure around it. Many old natives informed that one can see this species in old forts and palaces, where according to belief, the secret treasures still exist. The natives involved in Tantra activities, consider the white flowered species most valuable.


The crude drug extracts caused transient hypotensive effect which is partly inhibited by atropine. The gluco alkaloid, saponin and resin fraction increased the force of contraction of isolated frog’s heart and caused gradual rise in blood pressure levels. The alcoholic leaf extract, resinous and crystalline fi-acons caused contraction of dog tracheal chain while the glucoalkaloid and alcoholic stem extract after initial potentiation caused refractoriness to the constrictor responses of acetylcholine and histamine. Histamine releasing effects have been shown.

Roots are one of the constituents of Dasamulasava. The plant is useful in fever, cough, asthma, constipation. Seeds are used as diuretic. The juice of the berries is reported to he useful in sore throat. A decoction of plant is used in gonorrhoea and it also said to promote conception in females. A. clinical trial showed kantakari to be useful in cases of Kasa Roga (cough) and also in Tamakswasa (bronchial asthma). The plant has a definite effect in diminishing the intensity of cough and dyspnoea.

Actions Herb: aphrodisiac, astringent, cardiac tonic, carminative, cordial, resolvent. Root: diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant.

Medicinal Uses:
In Ayurveda, this herb has several uses. It is used for treating the following ailments:
Asthma, catarrh ,chest pains ,chronic fevers, colic ,cough, dry and spasmodic ,edema, gas, scorpion stings ,toothache, difficult urination, worms.

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Enhanced by Zemanta
Herbs & Plants

Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)

[amazon_link asins=’B00B8Z234C,B000I48N8E,B000GFSSLC,B073VWCVTM,B00551FW5C,B005PB9G0O,B009E7HV70,B001F0R04S,B00X872RH6′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’e968db8c-2991-11e8-b670-2f05edda7812′]

Botanical Name:Terminalia arjuna
Family:    Combretaceae
Genus:    Terminalia
Species:    T. arjuna
Kingdom:    Plantae
Order:    Myrtales

Common Names: Arjuna or Arjun tree in English,  Thella Maddi in Telugu and Marudha Maram in Tamil.

Habitat : Arjuna is  native  to Indian Subcontinent.  The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in West Bengal and south and central India.  It grows all over India,Burma,Bangladesh and Srilanka.

Arjuna is a large sized deciduous tree. Height of this plant is around 60-80ft with spreading branches. Bark smooth and flower is sessile type with often buttressed trunk, smooth grey bark, and drooping branchlets. Leaves; sub opposite, hard, oblong or elliptic, 10-20 cm long. Terminalia Arjuna Flowers; yellowish white. Fruits; 2.5-5 cm long, obvoid-oblong, with 5-7 equal, hard, leathery appearance, thick narrow wings, their striations curving upwards. Terminalia Arjuna Flowers in March to June and fruits in September to November.


Cultivation Method: after collection of nature fruits dried into sunlight & then stored up to 6-12 months. Seeds are pretreated by soaking in water for 48 hrs before sowing in beds. 8-9 months old seedlings are better to transplant in the field.
Useful Parts: Every parts useful medicinal properties Arjun holds a reputed position in both Ayurvedic and Yunani Systems of medicine. According to Ayurveda it is alexiteric, styptic, tonic, anthelmintic, and useful in fractures, uclers, heart diseases, biliousness, urinary discharges, asthma, tumours, leucoderma, anaemia, excessive prespiration etc. According to Yunani system of medicine, it is used both externally and internally in gleet and urinary discharges. It is used as expectorant, aphrodisiac, tonic and diuretic.
Chemical Constituents: A glucoside – arjunetin – has been isolated from bark. Recently new flavance – arjunone has been isolated from fruits alongs with cerasidin, ?-sitosterol, friedlin, methyl oleanolate, gallic, ellagic and arjunic acids.
Principal Constituents ß-sitosterol, ellagic acid, and arjunic acid.

Ayurvedic Formulations: Arujanarishta, Arjunghrita, Arjunakhsirpak, Arvindasava, Devadarvy – arishta etc.
Medicinal uses: Arjuna (Kakubhah) is cooling and checks heart diseases, Haemorrhagic consumption and poisons (Toxaemia). It is useful in obesity (Medas) and in Diabetic wounds. It is astringent and checks Kapha and Pitta. As an astringent, it is used in tooth powders. Action:– Cardiac tonic.

Ayurvedic Uses:– It is a reputed heart tonic of the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia. It is observed large doses to depress the heart. Small doses taken over a long period with sugar and ghee steadily improves the condition of the heart giving it strength. It is used as a powder either alone or in combination with other herbs. This pure dried Arjun bark can be made into a tea by steeping for 10 minutes in hot water. The bark can be re used 3 times if carefully dried between use.Powdered from bark is used as astringent, cardiac tonic & asthma. Leaf juice is used to cure blood dysentery.
The bark of tree is a cardiac stimulant and has a cooling and tonic effect. It is useful in arresting secretion or bleeding. It helps to relieve fever. It is also useful in removing calculi or stones formed in the urinary system, in promoting flow of bile and in the healing of wounds. Asthma, acne, diarrhea or dysentery, earache.

The bark is useful as an anti-ischemic and cardioprotective agent in hypertension and ischemic heart diseases, especially in disturbed cardiac rhythm, angina or myocardial infarction. The bark powder possesses diuretic, prostaglandin enhancing and coronary risk factor modulating properties. It apparently has a diuretic and a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of the liver.
Other Uses: Recommended for reclamation of saline, alkaline soils and deep ravines. Used for agro and social forestry. Timber is locally used for carts, agricultural implements, water troughs, traps, boat building, house building, electric poles, tool-handles, jetty-piles and plywood. Fodder is useful for tassar silkworm. It is one of the major tannin yielding trees. Bark (22 to 24%), leaf (10 to 11%) and fruit (7 to 20%) contains tannins.

The arjuna is one of the species whose leaves are fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk (tussah), a wild silk of commercial importanc.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider
Resources: and,

Enhanced by Zemanta