Tag Archives: Asa Gray

Sabadilla

Botanical Name : Veratrum sabadilla
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Schoenocaulon
Kingdom:Plantae
Order: Liliales

Synonyms: Cevadilla. Schoenocaulon officinale. Melanthium sabadilla. Veratrum officinale. Helonias officinalis. Sabadilla officinarum. Asagraea officinalis. Sabadillermer.

Common name: Cevadilla, sabadillermer, caustic barley, Schoenocaulon officinale, Melanthian sabadilla, Helonias officinalis, Sabadilla officinarum, Asagraea officinalis.

Habitat: Sabadilla is native to Southern North America, Guatemala and Venezuela.

Description:
The name Schcenocaulon indicates the habit of the scape, meaning ‘a rush’ and ‘a stem.’ The name Asagrcea commemorates Professor Asa Gray of Harvard University, the most distinguished of living American botanists. It is not quite certain whether the seeds are obtained from the Veratrum Sabadilla, a plant 3 or 4 feet high, or from the V. officinale, differing slightly in appearance and construction. Its leaves are radical, oval-oblong, obtuse, ribbed. Its stem is almost leafless. The panicle is nearly simple. The flowers have short pedicels, and are nodding.

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The seeds are black, shining, flat, shrivelled and winged, odourless, with a bitter, acrid, persistent and disagreeable taste, the pale grey, amorphous powder being errhine and violently sternutatory. The seeds were known in Europe as early as 1752, but officially only as the source of veratrine. Its fruit and seeds are said to be brought from the Antilles, under the name of cebadilla, (semina sabadilla caribaeae).

Medicinal uses:
Parts used: The seeds. They contain several alkaloids including veratrine, sabadillie, sabadine, sabadinine and cevadine, which hydrolyzes to cevine. They also contain voatric acid, cevadic acid, resin and fat.

Constituents: Sabadilla contains several alkaloids, the most important being Cevadine, yielding cevine on hydrolysis; Veratrine, obtained from the syrupy liquor from which the cevadine has crystallized; and Cevadilline or Sabadillie, obtained after the extraction of the veratrine with ether.

Two other alkaloids have been isolated: Sabadine, which is less sternutatory than veratrine, and Sabadinine, which is not sternutatory. Sabadilla yields about 0.3 per cent of veratrine. The seeds also contain veratric acid, cevadic acid, fat and resin.
Drastic emetic and Cathartic, Vermifuge.

The powdered seeds have been used to expel parasitic worms and to kill and remove parasitic mites or other vermin from the hair. An extract called veratria is derived from the seeds and despite it being highly poisonous, it is occasionally taken internally in minute doses. When taken internally, it can ease acute rheumatic pain and gout and also help some inflammatory diseases. Veratria is more commonly used as an ointment for neuralgia and rheumatism. This drug has a powerful action on the heart causing it to slow and eventually stop beating entirely.

-Sabadilla, or cevadilla, is an acrid, drastic emeto-cathartic, in overdoses capable of producing fatal results. Cevine was found to be less poisonous than cevadine, though producing similar symptoms. The powdered seeds have been used as a vermifuge, and to destroy vermin in the hair, being the principal ingredient of the pulvis capucinorum used in Europe. Cevadilla was formerly used internally as an anthelmintic, and in rheumatic and neuralgic affections. The highly poisonous veratria, which is derived from it, has been given in minute doses internally in acute rheumatism and gout, and in some inflammatory diseases, but it must be used with caution. Veratria is useful as an ointment in rheumatism and neuralgia, but is regarded as being less valuable than aconite. The ointment is also employed for the destruction of pedicule. Applied to unbroken skin it produces tingling and numbness, followed by coldness and anaesthesia. Given subcutaneously, it causes violent pain and irritation, in addition to the symptoms following an internal dose. The principal reason against its internal use is its powerful action on the heart, the contractions of the organ becoming fewer and longer until the heart stops in systole.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/sabadi01.html
http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/pereira/veratrum-saba.html
http://www.herbal-encyclopedia.net/s/sabadilla-veratrum-sabadilla-or-veratrum-officinale.html

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Hymenoxys hoopesii

Botanical Name : Hymenoxys hoopesii
Family :Asteraceae – Aster family
Genus : Hymenoxys Cass. – rubberweed
Species: Hymenoxys hoopesii (A. Gray) Bierner – owl’s-claws
Kingdom : Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales

Synonyms:
Hymenoxys hoopesii (A. Gray) Bierner ,   DUHO Dugaldia hoopesii (A. Gray) Rydb.,     HEHO5  Helenium hoopesii A. Gray

Common Name : Herb of the Wolf ,Sneezeweed,Helenium,Dugaldia

Habitat :Hymenoxys hoopesii is native to the western United States, where it grows in habitats of moderate elevation, such as mountain meadows.

Description:
Hymenoxys hoopesii  is an erect perennial herb approaching a meter in maximum height, with smooth-edged leaves oval on the lower stem and lance-shaped toward the top. The inflorescence bears several flower heads on erect peduncles, each lined with a base of hairy, pointed phyllaries. The flower head has a center of disc florets fringed with many orange or yellow ray florets up to 3.5 centimeters long. The fruit is an achene with a pappus of scales.

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The round, deep yellow flower heads with rays hanging around the edge distinguish. The heads of some species are much smaller, and the way their leaves are arrayed along the stem varies.

Medicinal Uses:
Pains due to rheumatism or pulmonary diseases are treated by rubbing with the dried, ground roots.  A tea made by boiling the roots has been used to treat stomachache and diarrhea, and to eliminate intestinal worms.  A snuff made from the crushed blossoms and the leaves of Psoralidium lanceolatum has been inhaled in the treatment of headaches and hay fever.

Preparations made from the root of this plant have been used to treat rheumatic pains, stomach disorders, and, in infants, colic and diarrhea.

Known Hazards: Allergic irritation caused by the pollen.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:;
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_FGH.htm
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=HYHO
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenoxys_hoopesii
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYHO&photoID=hyho_009_avp.tif

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Chrysactinia mexicana

Botanical Name: Chrysactinia mexicana
Family :Asteraceae – Aster family
Genus :Chrysactinia A. Gray – chrysactinia
Species:Chrysactinia mexicana A. Gray – damianita
Kingdom :Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom; TracheobiontaVascular plants
Superdivision ;Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class :Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass ;Asteridae
Order; Asterales

Common Name :Damianita

Habitat : Native to western Texas and Mexico

Description;
Chrysactinia mexicana is a Perennial shrubby evergreen  flowering  plant with a low mounding growth habit with leaves that are needle-like and very aromatic making it deer and rabbit resistant.  Chrysactinia mexicana will be covered in 1” yellow daisy type flowers year round, and will only reach 1-2’ tall with a 2’ spread making it a good border plant for dry locations. Hardiness: USDA Zones 8-10

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The bright green, needlelike leaves create a nice contrast to the flowers that bloom. This plant has a long bloom period, but flowers are most profuse in the spring and fall. The bright green, finely textured foliage is fragrant. Golden yellow, daisylike flowers are small — about half an inch across. An ideal ground cover plant for Tucson and Southern Arizona, Damianita is tolerant of heat, drought and cold.

Cultivation:
Damianita takes reflective heat and light well and makes a wonderful plant for wall plantings.  Like most native plants it will need to be planted in a well drained area.It needs to be pruned lightly because it could die when pruned to close.

Damianita requires very little water, once it is established. This highly adaptable ground cover plant is both drought-tolerant and cold hardy. Damianita does best in full sun and in soil with good drainage. Group individual plants together to form a continuous ground cover.

Medicinal Uses:The flower is used for fever, rheumatism, and as a diuretic, sudorific, antispasmodic, and aphrodisiac

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=chme3
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_DE.htm
http://www.magnoliagardensnursery.com/productdescrip/Chrysactinia_Damianita.html
http://www.horticultureunlimited.com/landscape-plants/damianita.html

http://www.delange.org/Damianita/Damianita.htm