Categories
Herbs & Plants

Monarda punctata

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Botanical Name : Monarda punctata
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Monarda
Species: M. punctata
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales

Synonyms: Monarda lutea. Spotted Monarda.

Common Names :Spotted Beebalm and Horsemint

Habitat : Monarda punctata  is native to the United States and northeastern Mexico.

Description:
Monarda punctata is a perennial herb, growing in dry, sandy places. It has a strong erect stem, reaching 2 feet or more in height, with lanceolate, opposite leaves, 2 to 4 inches long, dotted on the under-surface with glands. The flowers form dense whorls, one being terminal, and have a large yellow corolla, the upper lip being spotted with purple. A circle of large, leaf-like bracts, purplish-pink in colour, surrounds them.
CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES

It is a thyme-scented plant with purple-spotted tubular yellow flowers.

Medicinal Uses:
Part Used: Whole herb

Constituents:  The active virtues depend on the abundant volatile oil, which has been found to contain a hydrocarbon, thymol, and higher oxygenated compounds. It yields its virtues to boiling water, but particularly to alcohol.

Oleum Monardze or Oil of Horsemint is official in the United States.

It is  rubefacient, stimulant, carminative.
The plant contains thymol, an antiseptic and fungicide. It was historically used to treat upset stomachs, colds, diarrhea, neuralgia and kidney disease.
The infusion is used for flatulent colic, sickness, and as a diaphoretic and emmenagogue, or as a diuretic in urinary disorders.

The principal use is external, and in its pure state it may be a vesicant. It should be diluted with olive oil or soap liniment, two or four parts of either being added to one of oil of Monarda. It may be employed in chronic rheumatism, cholera infantum, or whenever rubefacients are required.

It may be taken like Hedeoma, or American Pennyroyal.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

 Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarda_punctata
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mints-39.html#hor.

Categories
Herbs & Plants

Hedeoma nana

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Botanical Name : Hedeoma nana
Family:  Lamiaceae – Mint family
Genus: Hedeoma Pers. – false pennyroyal
Species:  Hedeoma nana (Torr.) Briq. – dwarf false pennyroyal
Subspecies: Hedeoma nana (Torr.) Briq. ssp. nana – dwarf false pennyroyal
Kingdom : Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales

Synonyms:
Hedeoma dentata Torrey var. nana Torrey
Hedeoma thymoides Gray

Common Name :Dwarf False Pennyroyal

Habitat : Native to USA

Description:
Hedeoma nana has a diminutive but beautiful small flower. It is pink with purple stripes. The upper corolla lobe is notched. The plant is branched mainly from the base. The pubescence on the leaves curves downward. The lower calyceal lobes are twice as long as the upper ones, which are reflexed at maturity. The proximal portion of the calyx is swollen at maturity and makes up about 2/3 the total length of the calyceal tube. Hedeoma nana is found in middle elevation forest.

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Medicinal Uses:
This true pennyroyal is a prime menstrual stimulant when menses are accompanied by a heavy sensation in the abdomen, or when the period is delayed and crampy following a cold, fever, or exposure to rain or snow. It sometimes is used as an abortive, but there is no proof that it is effective for this purpose.  As an effective diaphoretic to help break fevers.  The aromatic oil repels insects; and bundles of it are hung up indoors to control infestations of flies and bugs.  Simple tea, ½ cup up to 4 times a day.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_OPQ.htm
http://www.wnmu.edu/academic/nspages/gilaflora/hedeoma_nana.html
http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/img_query?rel-taxon=contains&where-taxon=Hedeoma+nana
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HENAN

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