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Herbs & Plants

Cryptotaenia canadensis japonica

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Botanical Name : Cryptotaenia canadensis japonica
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Cryptotaenia
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Apiales

Synonyms: Cryptotaenia japonica Hasskarl; Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) de Candolle var. japonica (Hasskarl) Makino; Cryptotaenia canadensis auct., non (L.) de Candolle; Deringa japonica (Hasskarl) Koso-Poljanski

Common Names:Mitsu-ba  [meaning: three leaves]Japanese wild parsley, stone parsley, honeywort, san ip, and san ye qin, English common nameis Japanese honewort

Habitat ;Native to  Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa . (Other nations) Russia, Korea, China  Grows in Woodland in hills and mountains

Description:
Cryptotaenia canadensis japonica Plants electing 40-60cm tall. Leaves 3 leaflets each 8-16cm long, 8-20cm wide, non hair. Flowers white 2mm, flowering in April to May. Fruits ca. 4-5mm long.ever green  Perennial plant.

It is hardy to zone 5. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.

Cultivation:
Succeeds in most soils, preferring a moist shady position under trees where it often self-sows. The leaves tend to turn yellow when plants are grown in full sun. This species is not winter-hardy in all areas of Britain, though plants can tolerate short periods at temperatures down to -10°c. Mitsuba is commonly cultivated as a vegetable in Japan, there are some named varieties. It is usually grown as an annual. It is closely allied to C. canadensis, and is considered to be no more than a synonym of that species by some botanists. This plant is adored by slugs and snails and must be protected when small or when new growth is emerging in the spring.

Propagation:
Seed – sow April in a greenhouse. Germination is usually rapid, prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer. The ideal temperature for sowing is about 25°c, though seed does germinate at higher and lower temperatures[206]. Seed can also be sown in early autumn[206]. Division in spring or autumn.

Edible Uses:
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root; Stem.

Edible Uses: Condiment.

Leaves and stems – raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring with a parsley-like flavour if you let your imagination run away with you. Seedlings and young leaves can be used in salads. When cooking, the leaves should not be cooked for more than a couple of minutes or the flavour is destroyed. The leaves contain about 2.3% protein, 0.23% fat, 4.4% carbohydrate, 2.1% ash. Root – raw or cooked. Blanched stem – a celery substitute. The seed is used as a seasoning.

Medicinal Uses:

Febrifuge; Tonic; Women’s complaints.

Women’s complaints. Used in the treatment of haemorrhages, colds, fevers etc[178]. Used as a tonic for strengthening the body.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptotaenia
http://flowers.la.coocan.jp/Umbelliferae/Cryptotaenia%20japonica.htm
http://digedibles.com/database/plants.php?Cryptotaenia+japonica

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Herbs & Plants

Angelica keiskei

Botanical Name : Angelica keiskei
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Angelica
Species: A. keiskei
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Apiales

Synonyms : Archangelica keiskei Miquel; Angelica utilis Makino

Common Names : Ashitaba

Habitat : Native to  E. Asia – Japan , Honshu (only in coastal area of Miura Peninsular, Izu Peninslar and Kii peninsular), Izu Islands

Description:
Angelica keiskei is a  perennial  hurb, growing to 1.2m.
It is hardy to zone 0 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.

CLICK & SEE  THE PICTURES

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Cultivation:
Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun. Plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed.

Propagation:
Seed – best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring. The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.

Edible Uses:
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root.

Leaves – raw or cooked. Root – cooked. It is often pickled. The root is short and thick

Medicinal Uses:
In traditional medicine, the plant is seen to be a strengthening tonic.  Similar to western angelica, Ashitaba has a bitter taste and contains bitter principles and is used to increase appetite, improve digestion, speed elimination of waste and generally act as a digestive tonic.  When you break the stems and roots of Ashitaba, a sticky yellow juice gushes out. In fact, this is one of the unusual characteristics of the plant. The juice is used topically to treat a host of skin conditions. The juice of the plant is applied to boils, cysts, and pustules to speed healing. It is used to clear athletes foot fungal infections. It is applied to repel insects and to speed healing and prevent infection in insect bites. Indeed, applying the juice of the plant is said to cure most skin conditions and to prevent infection in wounds. It is used both in chronic and acute skin complaints.

Known Hazards : All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resources:
http://digedibles.com/database/plants.php?Angelica+keiskei
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashitaba
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_AB.htm
http://gardeningwithwilson.com/tag/angelica-keiskei/

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Eriocaulon cinereum

Botanical Name:Eriocaulon cinereum
Family : Eriocaulaceae – Pipewort family
Genus : Eriocaulon L. – pipewort
Species: Eriocaulon cinereum R. Br. – ashy pipewort
Kingdom : Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division :Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class :Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order : Eriocaulales

Common Name :Gu Jing Tsao , Ashy pipewort, Japanese common name is hoshi kusa (meaning: stars grass)

Habitat :Eriocaulon cinereum is native to  Southeast Asia.Marshes and Bogs.Swamp, rice paddy

Grows in Japan: Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Other nations like  inKorea, China, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Australia, Africa. It grows on   rice fields at  an elevations of 1700 – 2000 metres. Damp shady places. Rice fields, valleys, and damp soils from near sea level to 1200 metres.

Description:
Eriocaulon cinereum is an annual  plant. A newcomer to the aquarium scene, this tiny plant is as useful as it is unusual.Maximum height is 3 inch (8 cm).
The Rosette shape and strange flower make it welcome in the foreground of a high tech aquaria.Leaves linear 2-8cm long, 1-2mm wide. Scapes 5-20cm tall Flowers white or gray head ca. 4mm across, flowering in August to September. Seeds ca. 0.4mm long.  The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)  ....CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES

Propagation: Division of the rosette.

Medicinal Uses:
This is one of the most effective Chinese herbs for treating disorders of the eyes, such as cataracts, glaucoma, swelling, and so on.  When using it to treat eye disorders, the decoction should be used internally and externally at the same time.  The whole plant, including flowers, is used

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ERCI4
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_FGH.htm
http://www.aquaticplantcentral.com/forumapc/plantfinder/images/Eriocaulaceae/Eriocauloncinereum.jpg
http://www.plantedtank.net/forums/myplants/129-Eriocaulon_cinereum_Eriocaulon_sp_cinereum.html
http://www.plantedtanks.co.uk/eriocaulon-cinereum–ashy-pipewort-3404-p.asp

http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Eriocaulon+cinereum

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Herbs & Plants

Rumex japonicus

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Botanical Name:Rumex japonicus
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Rumex

Synonyms: Rumex cardiocarpus Pampanini; Rumex crispus L. subsp. japonicus (Houttuyn) Kitamura; Rumex crispus var. japonicus (Houttuyn) Makino; Rumex hadroocarpus K. H. Rechinger; Rumex japonicus Houttuyn var. yezoensis (Hara) Ohwi; Rumex nikkoensis Makino; Rumex odontocarpus Sandor ex Borbás var. japonicus (Houttuyn) Nakai; Rumex regelii F. Schmidt; Rumex yezoensis Hara

Common Names:Yellow Dock , Sorrel, curled or narrow dock
Japanese common name: gishigishi (meaning of gishigishi is unknown)

Habitat 🙁Japan) Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa. (Other nations) Russia (far east), Korea, China.  Wet field, riverside

Description:
Rumex japonicus are  Perennial plants, grow to  60-100cm tall. Leaves 10-25cm long. Flowers green, flowering in May to August.

click to see the pictures…..>...…(01)..…...(1).…..(2).…...…….

You may click to see different pictures of Rumex japonicus

Cultivation : Wet meadows and ditches in lowland all over Japan. Field margins, streambanks and wet valleys from sea level to 3400 metres in China.

Propagation:: Seed – sow spring in situ. Division in spring.

Edible Uses:
Leaves – cooked. They can be used as a vegetable or added to soups. The leaves can also be dried for later use. Seed – cooked. It is used with rice or ground into a powder for making dumplings.

Medicinal Uses:
For internal use it is similar to da huang: nose bleeding, functional bleeding of the uterus, purpura due to thrombocytopenia, chronic hepatitis, inflammation of the anus, constipation. Fresh squeezed juice is effective for fungus infection of skin, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the mammary glands, and eczema.

Other uses : Although no specific mention has been made for this species, dark green to brown and dark grey dyes can be obtained from the roots of many species in this genus, They do not need a mordant.

Known hazards : Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavour. Perfectly alright in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since the oxalic acid can lock-up other nutrients in the food, especially calcium, thus causing mineral deficiencies. The oxalic acid content will be reduced if the plant is cooked. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_DE.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumex
http://www7a.biglobe.ne.jp/~flower_world/Polygonaceae/Rumex%20japonicus.htm
http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/r/rumex-japonicus.php

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Herbs & Plants

Angelica anomala

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Botanical Name : Angelica anomala
Family:Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribes: Selineae
Genus: Angelica
Species: Angelica anomala

Synonyms: Angelica amurensis Schischkin; Angelica anomala Avé-Lallemant subsp. sachalinensis (Maximovicz) H. Ohba; Angelica anomala Avé-Lallemant subsp. sachalinensis (Maximovicz) H. Ohba var. glabra (Koidzumi) H. Ohba; Angelica cincta H. Boissieu; Angelica czernaevia (Kitagawa) M. Hiroe; Angelica jaluana Nakai; Angelica kawakamii Koidzumi; Angelica montana Brotero var. angustifolia Ledebour; Angelica pubescens Maximovicz forma glabra (Koidzumi) Murata; Angelica purpuraefolia T. H. Chung; Angelica refracta F. Schmidt var. glaucophylla Koidzumi; Angelica rupestris Koidzumi; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. glabra (Koidzumi) T. Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. kawakamii (Koidzumi) T. Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. pubescens T. Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. sachalinensis forma pubescens (T. Yamazaki) T.Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. sachalinensis forma saninensis T. Yamazaki; Angelica sylvestris L. var. angustigolia Turczaninow

Common Name : Bai Zhi, (Japanese common name) ezo-no-yoroi-gusa  [meaning: Ezo armor weed (Ezo = an old name of Hokkaido)])

Habitat: (Japan) Hokkaido, Honshu (north of Central region) (Other nations) Russia (Far East), Korea, China.  Mountane field.Damp habitats in C. and N. Japan. In grasses or forests, at forest edges or by streams in northern China.

Description:

Angelica anomala is a Perennial flowering plant growing  100-200cm tall. Leaves 30-50cm long, 30-50cm wide. It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Click to see the pictures
Cultivation :
We have very little information on this species and do not know how hardy it will be in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun. Plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed[200]. There is some confusion over the correct author of the Latin name for this species. We have used Lallem. as is found in  and , but and  cite Pallas as the author.

Propagation :
Seed – best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring. The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.

Medicinal Uses:

The root is analgesic, antibacterial, antidote, carminative, depuritive, diaphoretic, poultice and is also used to treat women’s complaints. The drug (an extract of the root?) lowers arterial pressure, increases diuresis and stimulates contraction of the smooth muscles, especially the uterus, but without causing abortion. The plant is used in the treatment of colds and headaches, coryza, leucorrhoea, boils and abscesses. Small quantities of angelicotoxin, one of the active ingredients in the root, have an excitatory effect on the respiratory centre, central nervous system and vasculomotor centre. It increases the rate of respiration, increases blood pressure, decreases the pulse, increases the secretion of saliva and induces vomiting. In large doses it can cause convulsions and generalized paralysis.

Known Hazards :  One report says that caution is advised in the use of this plant but it gives no reason. All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www7a.biglobe.ne.jp/~flower_world/Umbelliferae/Angelica%20anomala.htm
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_AB.htm

http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Angelica+anomala

https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Angelica_anomala