Herbs & Plants


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Botanical Name :Metroxylon sagu Rottb.
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Metroxylon
Species: M. sagu
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Arecales

Scientific names:
Metroxylon sagu Rottb. ,Metroxylon rumphii Mart. Sagus inermis Roxb. Langdang (Bis.) ,Sagus spinosus Roxb.

Common names: Ambolong (Mbo.),Bagsang (Bis.),Langdang (Bis.),Lumbai (Bis.)Lumbia (C. Bis., Bag.),Lumbiag (Sul.),Sagu (Mbo., Bis.),Palma sagu (Span.),Sago palm (Engl.),Smooth sago palm (Engl.),True sago palm (Engl.),Xi mi zong (Chin.)

Habitat :Native to tropical southeastern Asia in Indonesia (western New Guinea, and the Moluccas), Papua New Guinea, Malaysia (both Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak) and possibly also the Philippines (though maybe introduced there).

It is a monocarpic palm growing to 10 m tall or more,throwing up stems in succession. Each stem in turn flowering, fruiting and dying after about 15 years. Leaves are pinnate, 6 to 9 meters long. Leaflets are linear-ensiform, up to 1.5 meters in length. Spadix is 3.5 to 4.5 meters long, the spathes quite spineless. Spikes are 10 to 12 cm long and about 1 cm in diameter. Fruits are globular, slightly depressed, with about 5 mm pericarp, spongy and succulent mesocarp, and thin endocarp. Seeds are globular, depressed, with white, bony albumen.

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Contains 80% starch, 16% water, 2% nitrogenous substances, and very little ash.

Nutritive and easily digestible, free of any irritating properties.

Edible Uses: Nutritive, easily digestible.

Medicinal Uses:
*Food used during fevers and convalescence.
*In Malaya, recommended as an excipient in making poultices for shingles.
*In Papua, New Guinea, stem sap is applied to forehead to ease headaches. Starch from plant trunk mixed with water and drunk for diarrhea and stomach pains. Starch paste appliled to burns. Leaf used to cover fresh or infected sores until they heal. Liquid starch given to new borns to treat enlarged spleen.

• Glycemic and Insulinaemic Responses: Study investigated the effect of different forms of sago supplementation on plasma glucose and plasma insulin responses, as compared to white bread supplementation in man, during resting state. Results showed sago paste and porridge may be used for supplementation before and during exercise, and sago gell after endurance exercaise during recovery process.
• Inexpensive Lactic Acid from Sago Palm: Dulce Flores, a researcher from the University of the Philippines in Mindanao discovered a new streptococcus strain called Enterococcus faecium with the capability of converting sago starch directly into lactic acid without the costly pre-enzymatic treatment. Lactic acid is a colorless acid found in sour milk; used as a preservative in dyeing and in making adhesives and pharmaceuticals.

Others Uses:
*Poison: Fruit reportedly used as a poison in Malaya; the sap mixed with Datura by prisoners.
*Stabilizers: Sagu starch used in food production (high fructose syrup, MSG, maltodextrins, cyclodextrins); manufacture of paper coating, adhesives and biodegradable filler in bioplastics.

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Click to access Part2_MedicinalPlantsinPNG.pdf

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Yoga to Beat Everyday Pressure

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Yoga can relax your mind and body, ease stiff joints and muscles and make you feel good. It can also tone up your body and help you look great.

………… to see

Yoga trainer Yogesh Chavan prescribes the following asanas to handle everyday pressures on the body

Jalandhar Shuddhi Kriya
Under pressure, lactic acid accumulates around our neck. Exercising it frees up the nervous system since all the nerves branch out from the base of the neck.

Rotate your neck clock-wise and then anti-clockwise. Sit cross-legged on the floor. Drop the neck forward, chin should touch the chest, roll your face to your left, then drop your head back, roll to the right and come back to the starting position. Repeat in anti-clockwise. Repeat five to six times in each direction.

To relieve tired collar muscles, rest your hands on your thighs and roll your shoulders front to back and then back to front. Repeat five to six times.

Jathar Parivartanasan
The lower back feels the strain if you are on your feet, or sitting in the same posture for too long. Twisting it flexes the spine. Lie on your back and pull your knees up. Drop your knees to the left such that the left knee touches the floor and the right thigh and knee rests on it. Twist your head to your right side and your hands should be near your ears, and your mouth should be as if you’ve just yawned. Hold for a count of seven and then change directions. Repeat three times for each side. Then sit up for a short session of Pranayam

Pressure Point
The energy regeneration point is located on the middle of the inside of the right forearm. Press, roll and pump it with your left thumb to energise it.

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Exercise Yoga

Stretching the Limits

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A surprising number of people believe stretching is a waste of time. Stretching
exercises relieve muscle tension, flush lactic acid out of your muscles (lactic
acid accumulates during high-intensity exercise, creating that “burning
sensation,” and can contribute to suboptimal muscle performance), and increase
your range of motion for longer strides and better athletic performance.


Contrary to popular belief, stretching shouldn’t be the first thing you do when you are about to work out or play a sport. In fact, stretching cold muscles can result in pulls and injuries. Your best bet is to start with a five-minute
warm-up, consisting of a shorter, less intense version of whatever activity
you’re about to engage in.

After your warm-up, take a few minutes to stretch your major muscle groups, witha particular focus on the areas you are about to train. Each stretch should last about 30 seconds. In general, there is little benefit to stretches that last aslong as 60 seconds.

Every workout should end with a brief cooldown and stretching routine. Research
indicates that if you only have time to stretch once, you should make time after
your workout, when your muscles are warm and responsive to stretching. If you’ve
done your workout right, your heart rate will be at its peak and you’ll feel
warm and tired. The cooldown lets your heart transition to its normal rate and
lets your muscles adjust out of their contracted state, which can help prevent
strain and soreness.

Now that you know the benefits of warming up, cooling down and regular
stretching, never again underestimate the importance of the first and last few minutes of your workout.

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