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Chew Gum to Reduce Stress

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Chewing gum was found to help relieve anxiety, improve alertness and reduce stress among individuals, according to a new study.

The study, led by Andrew Scholey, professor of Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Swinburne University, Australia, was done on the Defined Intensity Stressor Simulation (DISS), a multi-tasking platform which reliably induces stress and also includes performance measures, while chewing and not chewing gum.

While chewing gum, participants reported lower levels of anxiety. They showed a reduction in anxiety as compared to non-gum chewers by nearly 17% during mild stress and nearly 10% in moderate stress.

Participants experienced greater levels of alertness when they chewed gum. The improvement in alertness over non-gum chewers was nearly 19% during mild stress and eight per cent in moderate stress.

Stress levels were also lower. Levels of salivary cortisol (a physiological stress marker) in gum chewers were lower than those of non-gum chewers by 16% during mild stress and nearly 12% in moderate stress.

Chewing gum resulted in a significant improvement in overall performance on multi-tasking activities. Both gum-chewers and non-chewers showed improvement from their baseline scores.

However, chewing gum improved mean performance scores over non-gum chewers by 67% during moderate stress and 109% in mild stress.

You may click to see:->Chewing Gum May Help After Surgery

Sources: The Times Of India

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Smoking Gives Women Acne

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Beware, women smokers! If health warnings are not enough to put you off the habit, just give a second thought before you puff your next fag because smoking can also cause spots.

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Yes, scientists in Europe have carried out a study which revealed that smoking can cause acne or a spotty skin disorder, characterised by blocked pores and large blackheads, among women.

The findings of the study have been published in the ‘British Journal of Dermatology‘.

“Our study demonstrates that non-inflammatory acne affects a high percentage of women, and is especially high among smokers.

“Recognising this form of acne is fundamental to providing correct information about the effects of tobacco on the skin,” Dr Bruno Capitanio, one of the study’s authors from San Gallicano Dermatological Institute in Rome, was quoted as saying.

In fact, the researchers came to the conclusion after studying 1,000 women aged between 25 and 50, and found that 42 per cent of smokers suffered from acne compared to one in ten non-smokers.

Moreover, smokers who had suffered acne in their teens were found to be four times more likely to suffer acne as an adult than non-smokers who had also experienced teenage acne.

According to Dr Colin Holden, the President of the British Association of Dermatologists, “Dermatologists have long associated smoking with premature ageing of the skin, wrinkles and a leathery complexion.

“This study also shows an interesting link between a specific type of acne and smoking. All of these findings will hopefully provide people with an extra incentive to quit.”

Source:The Times Of India