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Herbs & Plants

Aristolochia debilis

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Botanical Name :Aristolochia debilis
Family: Aristolochiaceae
Subfamily: Aristolochioideae
Genus: Aristolochia
Species: Aristolochia debilis
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Order: Piperales

Synonyms : A. recurvilabra. Hance.

Common Name : Ma Dou Ling,  Birthwort, Frail

Habitat :Aristolochia debilis is native to  E. Asia – C,hina, Japan. It grows in the roadside thickets and meadows in lowland, C. and S. Japan and in China.

Description:
Aristolochia debilis is a perennial herb growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone 8. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies.

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The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.

Cultivation:
Prefers a well-drained loamy soil, rich in organic matter, in sun or semi-shade. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil. This species is not very hardy in Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -5°c. Most species in this genus have malodorous flowers that are pollinated by flies.

Propagation:
Seed – best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Pre-soak stored seed for 48 hours in hand-hot water and surface sow in a greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within 1 – 3 months at 20°c. Stored seed germinates better if it is given 3 months cold stratification at 5°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts. Division in autumn. Root cuttings in winter[

Edible Uses:Leaves are edible.They are cooked. It is said that the leaves of this species are not poisonous but caution is advised.

Medicinal Uses:
Alterative;  Anodyne;  Antibacterial;  Antifungal;  AntiinflammatoryAntitussiveCarminative;  Cytotoxic;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Hypotensive;
Stomachic;  Tonic.

Alterative, antibacterial, antifungal, diuretic. Stimulates energy circulation. The fruit and its capsule are antiasthmatic, antiseptic, antitussive and expectorant. It is used internally in the treatment of asthma and various other chest complaints, haemorrhoids and hypertension. The root is anodyne and anti-inflammatory. It is used internally in the treatment of snakebite, gastric disorders involving bloating, and is clinically effective against hypertension. It is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use. The whole plant is antitussive, carminative, stimulant and tonic. The root contains aristolochic acid. This has anti-cancer properties and can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Aristolochic acid can also be used in the treatment of acute and serious infections such as TB, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and infantile pneumonia. It also increases the cellular immunity and phagocytosis function of the phagocytic cells. Aristolochic acid is said to be too toxic for clinical use

Internally used for arthritis, purulent wounds, hypertension, snake and insect bites, and gastric disorders involving bloating (roots); for asthma, wet coughs, bronchitis, hypertension and hemorrhoids (fruits). Indications: heat in the lungs manifested as cough with profuse yellow sputum and asthma.  The fruit (Madouling) is used with Loquat Leaf, Peucedanum root, Mulberry bark and Scutellaria root.  Deficiency of the lungs manifested as cough with scanty sputum or with bloody sputum and shortness of breath.  Fruit is used with Glehnia root, Ophiopogon root, Aster root and Donkey hide gelatin.

Known Hazards: No specific details for this species is known  but most members of this genus have poisonous roots and stems. The plant contains aristolochic acid, this has received rather mixed reports on its toxicity. According to one report aristolochic acid stimulates white blood cell activity and speeds the healing of wounds, but is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys. Another report says that it is an active antitumour agent but is too toxic for clinical use. Another report says that aristolochic acid has anti-cancer properties and can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and that it also increases the cellular immunity and phagocytosis function of the phagocytic cells

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Aristolochia%20debilis
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_AB.htm
http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Aristolochia_debilis
http://www.exot-nutz-zier.de/images/prod_images/Aristolochia_debilis.jpg
http://www.georgiavines.com/cart/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=9_10&products_id=118

http://www.asianflora.com/Aristolochiaceae/Aristolochia-debilis.htm

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Herbs & Plants

Stemona Tuberosa

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Botanical Name:Stemona sessilifolia Miq.; Stemona japonica (Bl.) Miq.; Stemona tuberosa Lour.
Family: Stemonaceae
Genus: Stemona
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Pandanales
Species: S. tuberosa

Synonyms: Roxburghia gloriosoides Roxb., R. viridiflora Smith, R. stemona Steud.

Common names: Pai Pu [Hsu]; Bai Bu in Chinese [Geng et al], the name translates to “hundred parts” (so named because its roots are over one hundred in number) [Lu]. Wild Asparagus (English) [Lu]. Sessile Stemona Root, Japanese Stemona Root, Tuber Stemona Root.

Part used: Tuberous roots cropped all the year round, especially in autumn. After being well washed and docked at each end, the roots are steam-cooked, then dried in the sun or in ovens at 50-60°C.

Habitat :It is found in Asia (China, Taiwan, Yunnan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, North-East India, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam). Hi, warm, slightly shade, and more growth in the hillside forest, roadsides, stream. Appropriate soil deep, fertile, moist, sandy loam.

Description:
Stemona tuberosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Stemonaceae.Leaves many of the students, whorled, sometimes alternate, was ovate or broadly ovate lanceolate. A fleshy root, showing spindle. Flowers yellow-green, solitary or 2-3 flowers arranged in racemes, more axillary. Capsule obovate. May between the flowering, in July of fruit ripening.
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Landscape Uses:
Big 100 in the green space that can be implanted in the garden corner, it could be climbing on the fence for vertical greenery, but also for being implanted in the understory plants. Roots used as medicine.

Cultivation:
Soil:   Mix
Water:   Medium
Sun:   Minimum-Medium
Reproduction:   Seeds/Dividing of the centre

Medicinal Uses:
Stemona tuberosa (Chinese: pinyin: bai bù) is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine.

To moisten the lungs and stop cough, to kill lice and parasites [Lu; Geng et al]. Also to bring down energy, and destroy worms [Lu].
Cough in common cold. Stemona root (Bai Bu) is used with Schizonepeta (Jing Jie), Platycodon root (Jie Geng) and Aster root (Zi Wan). Whooping cough. Stemona root (Bai Bu) is used with Glehnia root (Bei Sha Shen), Tendrilled fritillary bulb (Chuan Bei Mu) and Swallowwort rhizome (Bai Qian). Cough due to tuberculosis. Stemona root (Bai Bu) is used with Ophiopogon root (Mai Dong) and Fresh rehmannia root (Sheng Di Huang).
It is recommended for cough due to deficiency fatigue, pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis, and whooping cough [Lu]. Also indicated for colds, phthisis

You may click to learn more in detail of    Stemona tuberosa

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stemona_tuberosa
http://www.bihrmann.com/Caudiciforms/subs/ste-tub-sub.asp
http://www.dweckdata.com/Published_papers/Stemona_tuberosa.pdf