Tag Archives: Spleen

Ruptured spleen

Definition:
The spleen is a soft plum-coloured organ, packed with blood-filled tissues and covered by a smooth membrane. It’s located in the abdomen just beneath the left side of the diaphragm, under the ribs, and is shaped like a loosely clenched fist.
CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES
The spleen’s vulnerable location and softness means it’s at risk of injury. A severe blow to the stomach area can squash the spleen, splitting or tearing its covering membrane and the tissue inside and allowing blood to rapidly leak out – rather like a squashed tomato.

A ruptured spleen is a serious condition that can occur when your spleen experiences a trauma. With enough force, a blow to your abdomen — during a sporting mishap, a fistfight or a car crash, for example — might lead to a ruptured spleen. Without emergency treatment, a ruptured spleen can cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

Though some ruptured spleens require emergency surgery, others with ruptured spleens can be treated with several days of hospital care.

You may click to seedifferent pictures of  Ruptured spleen

Symptoms
The abdomen usually feels tender and painful when the spleen ruptures. Blood leaks into the abdomen, causing irritation with subsequent tenderness and pain. Classically, a patient with a ruptured spleen describes feeling left shoulder-tip pain (this pain comes from irritation of the diaphragm by the spilt blood).

If the leak of blood is gradual, symptoms may not occur until the blood supply to the body is diminished. This will result in low blood pressure and light-headedness, blurred vision, confusion and loss of consciousness, as the oxygen supply to the heart and brain is affected. If blood loss is rapid, the person may suddenly collapse.

Causes:
A ruptured spleen is the most common serious complication of an abdominal injury and may occur as a consequence of road traffic accidents, sports injuries and violent, physical attacks.

*Injury to the left side of the body. A ruptured spleen is typically caused by a blow to the left upper abdomen or the left lower chest, such as might happen during sporting mishaps, fistfights and car crashes.

*An injured spleen may rupture soon after the abdominal trauma or, in some cases, days or even weeks after the injury.An enlarged spleen. Your spleen can become enlarged when blood cells accumulate in the spleen. An enlarged spleen can be caused by various underlying problems, such as mononucleosis and other infections, liver disease and blood cancers.

Complications: A ruptured spleen can cause life-threatening bleeding into your abdominal cavity.

Diagnosis:
Normal procedures  to diagnose a ruptured spleen include:

*A physical exam. During a physical exam  doctor will use his or her hands to place pressure on your abdomen to determine the size of your spleen and whether you’re experiencing any abdominal tenderness.

*Drawing fluid from  abdomen.  The Doctor may use a needle to draw a sample of fluid from the abdomen. If the sample reveals blood in the abdomen,  the patient may be referred for emergency treatment.

*Imaging tests of  the abdomen. If your diagnosis isn’t clear, the doctor may recommend an abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan or another imaging test to identify or rule out other possible causes as per symptoms.

Treatment :
Untreated, a ruptured spleen can be rapidly fatal, so it requires urgent medical and surgical treatment.

Fluids must quickly be given through an intravenous drip in order to maintain the circulation to the organs of the body (including a blood transfusion) and emergency surgery is performed to stop the leak of blood.

Sometimes, if the rupture is only small, it’s possible for the surgeon to repair the spleen. However, usually the entire spleen needs to be removed in an operation called a splenectomy.

The spleen plays an important part in protecting the body against infection. In particular it clears a type of bacteria known as pneumococcus from the body. So it’s important that those who’ve had their spleen removed take extra precautions to protect themselves against infection. In particular, they should be vaccinated against pneumococcal infection.

Prognosis:
Splenic rupture permits large amounts of blood to leak into the abdominal cavity, possibly resulting in shock and death. Patients typically require emergency surgery, although it is becoming more common to simply monitor the patient to make sure the bleeding stops by itself and to allow the spleen to heal itself. Rupture of a normal spleen can be caused by trauma, for example, in an accident. If an individual’s spleen is enlarged, as is frequent in mononucleosis, most physicians will not allow activities (such as contact sports) where injury to the abdomen could be catastrophic.

Prevention
The spleen is a useful organ and it is essential to life. It is sometimes removed (splenectomy) in those who have blood disorders, such as thalassemia or hemolytic anemia. If the spleen is removed, a person must receive certain immunizations to help prevent infections that the spleen normally fights.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.This is purely for educational purpose.

Resources:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/physical_health/conditions/rupturedspleen1.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruptured_spleen
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/ruptured-spleen/DS00872

how-to-treat-torn-ruptured-spleen-photo

Few Yoga Posters and Their Benefits

STANDING DEEP BREATH->click to see

Benefits:-

*Expands lungs
*Increases circulation to entire body
*Wakes up body, prepares muscles for action

Decreases suceptibility to lung ailments :-
*Asthma
*Emphysema
*Shortness of breath

2.HALF MOON WITH HAND TO FEET :-

click to see

Benefits:-

Half Moon: –

*Increases vitality
*Gives quick energy

Increases strength and flexibility of muscles:
*rectus abdomimus
*gluteus maximus
*oblique
*deltoid
*trapezeus

Increases spinal flexibility
*Corrects bad posture
*Promotes proper kidney function

Helps cure:
*Elargement of the liver and spleen
*Dyspepsia
*Constipation

Hands to Feet:-

Increases flexibility of
*Spine
*Sciatic nerve
*Tendons and ligaments of legs
*Strengthens hamstrings and calves
*Increases circulation in legs and brain

Increases strength and flexibility of muscles:
*rectus abdomimus
*gluteus maximus
*oblique
*deltoid
*trapezeus

Both:

Firms and trims
*Waistline
*Hips
*Abdomen
*Buttocks
*Thighs

AWKWARD:-

click to see

Benefits:-

Strengthens and firms muscles of :
*Thighs
*Calves
*Hips
*Upper arms

Increases hip flexibility
*Increases blood circulation in
*Knees
*Ankles

Relieves
*rheumatism
*arthritis
*gout in the legs

Helps cure

*slipped disc
*lumbago

Sources:Yoga College Of India

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Bhumiamla / Phyllanthus niruri

Botanical Name:Phyllanthus niruri
Family:Phyllanthaceae
Genus:Phyllanthus
Species:P. niruri
Kingdom:    Plantae
Order:Malpighiales

Common names : Chanca Piedra in Spanish, Bhumyamalaki in Ayurveda, and Quebra-Pedra in Portuguese, Keezha Nelli  in Tamil, Nela Nelli  in Kannada,Keezhar Nelli in Malayalam and Nela Usiri in Telugu. It has many other common names in assorted languages, including dukong anak, dukong-dukong anak, amin buah, rami buah, turi hutan, bhuiaonla, and Meniran (in Indonesia).

Habitat : Common in central and southern India extending to Sri Lanka.
Historical aspects:
Charaka mentions the plant. In ayurveda the expressed juice of the fresh plant is given for a sluggish liver and also for chronic liver diseases. It is commonly and widely used for dysentery and intestinal colic. Phyllanthus niruri, also called “stonebreaker” due to its strong roots, is native to South America. The plant is dried into an extract that acts as a diuretic and an astringent.

Description:  The annual herb is 30-60cm high, quite glabrous, stem often branched at the base, angular. Leaves numerous subsessile distichous often imbricating, elliptic oblong obtuse.Stem is angular with numerous distichous, elliptic-oblong leaves. Stipules present, very acute. Flowers yellowish, very numerous, axillary, the male flowers 1-3, female flowers are solitary pistillate flower borne axillary. Fruits capsule, very small, globose, smooth, seeds 3-gonous, longitudinally ribbed on the back. Seed to seed cycle occurs in two or four weeks. The flowering time in Indian conditions is July to August.

You may click to see the picture......(01).....(1)…..   (2)…..

Pharmacognoy:
It is safe lipotropic drug and its primary action is on the liver. Blumberg showed in inhibition of DNA polymerase of Hepatitis b virus and a viral-agglutinating activity. The characteristics have been well studied.

Phytochemistry
:
In the aerial parts, three crystalline lignans including phyllanthine and hypophyllanthine have been found. Five flavonoids have been identified, quercetin, astralgin, quercitrin, and rutin. Four leucodelphinidine alkaloids were separated from the leaves and stems one of then being and enantiomorph of securinine.

Medicinal Uses:
A clinical study with Phyllanthus niruri, indicated that it may reduce the levels of urinary calcium.  A subsequent study of 150 patients over a 6-month period indicated that an extract of this herb reduces the incidence of stone formation, and concluded, “Regular self-administration of P. niruri after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal stones results in an increased stone-free rate that appears statistically significant for lower caliceal location. Its efficacy and the absolute lack of side effects make this therapy suitable to improve overall outcomes after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for lower pole stones.”  A more recent rat study found that Phyllanthus niruri has been shown to interfere with many stages of stone formation, reducing crystals aggregation, modifying their structure and composition as well as altering the interaction of the crystals with tubular cells leading to reduced subsequent endocytosis.”

Ayurvedic properties :
Guna: Laghu, Ruksha.
Rasa
: Tikta, kashaya.
Veerya: Sheeta.Vipaka: Katu.
Dosha: Kaphapittaghna
karma: Kasaswasahara, Dahaprashamana, Rochana, Yakrutottejaka, kandughna.

Safety:
With the formulation and dosage used no adverse reactions have been reprted.

Cinical Usage:
The fresh root is used for the treatment of viral hepatitis.the plant is also used as a diuretic in oedema.it is also used to increase appetite and locally to relieve inflammations.

Healing Options:
Phyllanthus has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for over 2,000 years and has a wide number of traditional uses.

This includes employing the whole plant for jaundice, gonorrhea, frequent menstruation, and diabetes and using it topically as a poultice for skin ulcers, sores, swelling, and itchiness

CHANCA PIEDRA (Phyllanthus niruri) is a composite name, “chanca” meaning “to break” in Quechua and “piedra” meaning “stone” in Spanish. It is the popular name given to several small shrub-like plants in the Phyllanthus genus (botanical family Euphorbiaceae), including Phyllanthus niruri, and Phyllanthus stipulatis. These two species have the same medicinal effects and look identical, except for their seeds, by which the botanist can tell them apart. A third species, Phyllanthus amarus, has been considered identical (perhaps not a different species at all) to Phyllanthus niruri. These species of Phyllanthus have been proven in scientific research to have antihepatotoxic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bactericidal, febrifugal, and hypoglycemic activity.*

Liver Disorders/ Jaundice :
The herb stimulates the liver and is useful in liver and spleen disorders. It can be used in jaundice and enlargement of liver. The leaf should be administered with black salt and ginger every morning for 10 days in the treatment of such disorders.

Loss of Appetite:
Its root, leaves, fruits, milky juice is very useful in Loss of appetite . It is a major component of many popular liver tonics which increase Appetite & locally to relieve inflammations.

Oedema:
The plant is also used as a diuretic in oedema. Powdered leaves & roots – pulverized & made into poultice with rice-water useful in oedematous swelling and ulcers.

Formulation and Dosage:
Juice: 10-20 ml b.i.d
Herb powder: 3-6 gms b.i.d

Ayurvedic supplements made from Bhumiamla:
Livgood
Livrol Syrup
Arogyavardhini Bati

Liver Tonic Livogod
Herbal Liver Tonic for cirrhosis,alcholic ilver and jaundice

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phyllanthus_niruri
allayurveda.com

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