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Herbs & Plants

Peltigera Canina

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Botanical Name :Peltigera Canina
Family: Peltigeraceae
Kingdom: Fungi
Class  :Ascomycetes
Order :Peltigerales
Genus: Peltigera
Species: Peltigera canina.

Synonyms: Lichen Caninus. Lichen Cinereus Terrestis. Ash-coloured Ground Liverwort.

Common Name :British Lichen or felt lichen, English  Liverwort

Habitat :Peltigera Canina grows in Britain where the drainage is good; on mudwalls and molehill

Description:
The marginal disks of this lichen are at first veiled and project from the thallus, retaining fragments of the veil of the margin. The fronds are foliaceous, coriaceous, ascending, soft, underside is veined and attached to the ground or to whatever substance it grows upon – where they make handsome plants, especially when in fruit or studded with the little red parasite to which they are subject.

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Upper surface of fresh thallus grey-brown, with convex wrinkles (‘bullate’) (compare P. rufescens), ash-grey and lacking wrinkles when dry, densely but minutely felted-tomentose, lacking isidia, margins of main lobes generally down-turned towards the tips but side-margins often erect, crisped-undulate (beware key in Smith et al. (2009)!), lower surface white-tomentose, with irregular, fluffy, confluently-based rhizines. Widespread but local in turf on dunes and on gravelly and sandy soils inland.

Medicinal Uses:
Part Used: Lichen.
Deobstruent, slightly purgative and held in esteem as a remedy for liver complaints.The plant was formerly considered of great value in hydrophobia.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Peltigera_canina
http://www.lichens.lastdragon.org/Peltigera_canina.html
http://www.gbif.org/species/117071816
http://www.arcticatlas.org/photos/pltspecies/spp_details?queryID=peca60
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/l/liveng37.html

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Categories
Herbs & Plants

Conocephalum conicum

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Botanical Name : Conocephalum conicum
Family:Conocephalaceae
Genus: Conocephalum Hill, nom. cons.
Species: Conocephalum conicum (L.) Dumort.
Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Division: Hepaticophyta – Liverworts
Subdivision: Hepaticae
Class:Hepaticopsida
Subclass: Marchantiae
Order: Marchantiales

Common Name:Scented Liverwort

Habitat :Conocephalum conicum is distributed in damp forest floors and on stream sides over much of the Northern Hemisphere.

Description:
Conocephalum conicum is one of the most common of the thallose (leaf-lacking) liverworts.Their gametophytic thallus is dichotomously branched, meaning that the shoot apex splits exactly in half during branching producing two equal branches. They have a distinctive smell when crushed and make excellent terrarium plants for low light areas.
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Blooming Time: The species is dioicious (male and female gametes are formed on separate plants). The male receptacles (containing the antheridia) are sessile and tinged purple, whereas the female receptacles (containing the archegonia) are like tiny umbrellas, sometime reaching up to 4 inches (10 cm) tall.

Culture: Conocephalum conicum are very easy to culture. One can grow these under benches in the greenhouse where they thrive in the moist well shaded soil. For culture in terrariums, we use a soil mix consisting of 1 part peat moss to 2 parts loam to 1 part sand or perlite. The soil mix needs to have a neutral to slightly acidic pH. Plants should be kept moist at all times. It is better to use distilled water, because the plants do not like chlorinated water. Unsuitable water conditions will injure the plants and sometimes will cause complete die off.

Propagation: Conocephalum conicum are easily propagated by division.

Medicinal Uses:
Mixed with vegetable oils as ointments for boils, eczema, cuts, bites, wounds and burns; inhibits growth of micro-organisms

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resources:
http://www.plantoftheweek.org/week234.shtml
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCO38
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_LMN.htm
http://bioref.lastdragon.org/Bryophyta/Conocephalum_conicum.html

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