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Herbs & Plants (Spices)

Viola yezoensis

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Botanical Name: Viola yezoensis
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: Viola yezoensis
Kingdom:  Plantae
Phylum:  Magnoliophyta
Class: Angiospermae
Category: Fabids
Order: Malpighiales

Common Names: Arrowhead Herb, English Name : Chinese violet. Japanese: Hikage-sumire, Chinese Name: Zi Hua Di Ding
Habitat :Viola yezoensis is native to E. Asia – China, Japan, Korea. It grows on grassy fields in lowland, C. and S. Japan. Broad-leaved forests, montane thickets, grasslands on mountain slopes.
Description:
Viola yezoensis is a perennial herb growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in).

It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay)

soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist

Cultivation:
Prefers a cool moist well-drained humus-rich soil in partial or dappled shade and protection from scorching winds. Tolerates sandstone and limestone soils but becomes chlorotic if the pH is too high. Prefers a pH between 6 and 6.5. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c. All members of this genus have more or less edible leaves and flower buds, though those species with yellow flowers can cause diarrhoea if eaten in large quantities.

Propagation:
Seed – best sown in the autumn in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Division in the autumn or just after flowering. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, though we have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.
Edible Uses: Young leaves and flower buds – raw or cooked. When added to soup they thicken it in much the same way as okra. A tea can be made from the leaves.
Medicinal Uses:
Antiinflammatory; Antipyretic.

The whole plant is antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and depurative. It is used internally in the treatment of boils, carbuncles, snakebite, skin disorders, mumps etc. The plant is harvested when in flower and dried for later use.

The Chinese herb compound prescription Viola yedoensis Makino Anti-itching Compound (VYAC), which consists of Viola yedoensis Makino, herb, Sophora flavescens Aiton, root, and Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz, root and rhizome, has been traditionally used to treat various skin allergic inflammatory diseases in clinic.

Clears toxins, reduces inflammation and is antibacterial. Internally for boils, carbuncles, snakebite, skin disorders (especially erysipelas), mumps, and hot disorders with inflammation of the eyes, throat, or ears.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Resources:
https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Viola_yezoensis
http://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Viola+yezoensis
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_UZ.htm
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116303026
https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/VIOYZ

..http://herbpathy.com/Uses-and-Benefits-of-Viola-Yedoensis-Cid5348

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Metamucil-a wonderful fiber supplement

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Pronounced: MET-uh-MEW-sil . Generic ingredients: Psyllium, Senna (Overnight Relief Perdiem only)Other brand names: Konsyl Powder, Konsyl for Kids Perdiem.

Constipation or any other type of bowel disorder is very hurmful for everyone. These are caused by the deficiency(lack) 0f particular neutrients and this dificiency prevents the bowel muscles from functioning the way they should function (neutrients are vitamins,minerals,enzymes etc. etc.) One should get rid of these problems just by taking some fibre supplement, and Metamucil is one of them.I myself used it and am very much satisfied with its effect.Metamucil is a bulk-producing laxative and fiber supplement manufactured by Proctar & Gamble.

What this drug is used for

Metamucil, Konsyl, and Perdiem, all of which are based on bulk-producing psyllium fiber, are used for constipation.

Metamucil and Konsyl Powder relieve chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Doctors also use them, along with other medications, to ease bowel movements in people with hemorrhoids and to treat the constipation that may accompany diverticular disease (a pouch in the wall of the bowel), occasional constipation during pregnancy, constipation during convalescence, and constipation in the very old. Metamucil is available in regular and smooth-texture powder form, as well as in wafers, in a variety of flavors. Konsyl Powder is sugar- and sugar substitute-free.

Perdiem products and Konsyl for Kids are used only for occasional constipation. Fiber Therapy Perdiem and Konsyl for Kids contain psyllium alone. Overnight Relief Perdiem also contains senna, a natural stimulant. Perdiem products come in granule form. Konsyl for Kids is a powder.

How should you take this medication?

Take these products with at least 1 full glass (8 ounces) of water or other liquid. Most produce results in 12 to 72 hours. Overnight Relief Perdiem acts in 6 to 12 hours.

* ADULTS AND CHILDREN 12 YEARS AND OVER
Metamucil
The usual dose is 2 wafers or 1 rounded tablespoonful, rounded teaspoonful, or packet (depending on the variety). Mix powder with 8 ounces of liquid. If mixture thickens, add more liquid and stir again. Wash down wafers with at least 8 ounces of liquid. Can be taken up to 3 times daily, if needed.

Konsyl
Place 1 rounded teaspoonful in a dry shaker cup or container that can be closed. Add 8 ounces of liquid and shake, don’t stir, for 3 to 5 seconds. Drink promptly. If the mixture thickens, add more liquid and shake again. Follow with an 8-ounce glass of liquid. Take this dosage 1 to 3 times daily. To avoid bloating and to help your body adjust, you may wish to start with half-teaspoonful doses for several days, then increase the dose gradually over several more days.

Konsyl for Kids
Add 2 rounded teaspoonfuls to at least 8 ounces of cool water, stir briskly for 3 to 5 seconds, and drink promptly. If the mixture thickens, add more water and stir again. Follow with more liquid. May be taken 1 to 3 times daily.

Perdiem
Take 1 to 2 rounded teaspoonfuls once or twice daily, in the evening and/or before breakfast. Put the granules in your mouth and wash them down with a full glass of cool liquid. Do not chew them.

* CHILDREN UNDER 12
Metamucil
Use half the adult dosage. For children under 6, consult your doctor.

Konsyl
Use half the adult dosage. For children under 6, consult your doctor.

Konsyl for Kids
Use 1 rounded teaspoonful 1 to 3 times a day. For children under 6, consult your doctor.

Perdiem
The usual dosage is 1 rounded teaspoonful once or twice daily. For children under 7, consult your doctor.

* STORAGE
Store at room temperature in a dry place.

Do not take this medication if…

Avoid these products if you have trouble swallowing, or have ever had an allergic reaction to psyllium. Also avoid them if you have an intestinal blockage or impacted stool. Check with your doctor before taking them if you have stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or rectal bleeding, or have noticed a sudden change in bowel habits lasting 2 weeks or more.

Special warnings about this medication

Be sure to take each dose with at least 1 full glass of water. If you don’t use enough liquid, the product could choke you.

If you have chest pain, vomiting, or difficulty in swallowing or breathing after taking one of these products, see your doctor immediately.

If you are still constipated after 1 week or notice rectal bleeding, stop taking the medication and call your doctor.

When handling Metamucil powder, spoon it into a glass according to the directions on the label in order to keep psyllium dust from escaping into the air.

Do not take one of these products less than 2 hours before or after taking a prescription drug. If you must avoid phenylalanine, do not use the smooth-texture, sugar-free, orange-flavored variety of Metamucil.

Extracted from:http://www.pdrhealth.com/drug_info/otcdrugprofiles/drugs/fgotc146.shtml