Botanical Name: Trollius Europaeus
Species: T. europaeus
Synonyms: Globe Trollius. Boule d’Or. European Globe Flower. Globe Ranunculus. Globe Crowfoot. Lucken-Gowans.
Parts Used: The whole plant, fresh.
Habitat: It grows in damp ground in shady areas, woodland and scrub. Northern and Central Europe, from the Caucasus and Siberia to Wales and sometimes Ireland. Found wild in northern counties of England and in Scotland.
Description: The plant grows usually in moist woods and mountain pastures, and is about 2 feet high, the stalk being hollow, smooth, and branching towards the top, each branch bearing one yellow flower without a calix, shaped like that of Crowfoot. The leaves are beautifully cut into five, indented sections. It is a favourite bloom for rustic festivals, and early in June collections of it are made by youths and maidens to decorate cottage doors.
It has a tall, 60 cm flower with a bright yellow, globe-shaped head. Flowering between June and August. A native of Europe and Western Asia. It’s slightly poisonous and is purgative and rubefacient when used fresh.
It is often cultivated as a border flower, as are the other two species of the genus.
The Globe Flower is a glorified Buttercup; its leaves and flowers resemble the Buttercup in form but are larger. Improved varieties have orange, gold, orange-red and lemon-colored flowers, often double. The commonest species is Trollius europwus, but while all the catalogued species resemble each other in form, the seasons and the colors of the flowers differ. They grow about l feet tall and bloom throughout the Summer, starting in late May.
Utilize: The Globe Flower flourishes, both in sun and shade, and is especially at home in borders in which the soil is a trifle too damp for other plants. They are showy border plants, their neat habit and compact flowers commend them to all. We must add that they grow nicely in the ordinary garden soil, even though it be away from the waterside.
Propagation:Although usually propagated from seeds, the plants are tardy in coming into bloom. Old plants may also be divided.
Constituents: The Swedish naturalist Peter Kalm affirms that these plants have medicinal properties, but lose the greater part of their active principles in drying. The irritant, acrid principle is not well defined, and appears to be destroyed by the action of heat.
Medicinal Action and Uses: It is stated that Trollius is used in Russia in certain obscure maladies, while another authority claims that it has cured a scorbutic case declared incurable by doctors. It is a plant to be investigated.
T. Asiaticus, or Asiatic Globe Flower. The leaves of this species are larger than in the European plant, resembling those of Yellow Monk’s Hood, although the stature of T. Asiaticus is less. The flowers are an orangetinged yellow. It is a native of Siberia, but can be grown in any garden with shade and a moist soil.
T. Laxus is yellow, and grows in shady, wet places on the mountains of New York and Pennsylvania.
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