Botanical Name: Prunus domestica italica
Subspecies:P. d. ssp. italica
Synonyms: Prunus italica Borkh.
The name Reine Claude (French for “Queen Claude”), by which they are known in France, is in honour of the French queen Claude (1499–1524), Duchess of Brittany. A greengage is also called la bonne reine (French for “the good Queen”) in France
Habitat:Greengage fruits are commercially grown in France; however they are also found in other European countries like Portugal, Spain and Britain. Some North American countries and the Benelux countries also grow these plums.
Greengage grows in medium sized deciduous trees can grow anywhere between 12 feet and 15 feet. However, one may easily keep them within a height of 6-9 feet by pruning. These trees are capable of self fertilization, bearing fruit every year. They have deep green smooth leaves and small yellowish white flowers.
Greengage fruit are identified by their round-oval shape and smooth-textured, pale green flesh; they are on average smaller than round plums but larger than mirabelle plums (usually between 2 and 4 cm diameter). The skin ranges in colour from green to yellowish, with a pale blue “blush” in some cultivars; a few Reine Claudes, such as ‘Graf Althanns’, are reddish-purple due to crossbreeding with other plums. Greengages are grown in temperate areas and are known for the rich, confectionery flavour. They are considered to be among the finest dessert plums.
Varieties of Greengage:
There are some varieties of these fruits including:
Cultivation of Greengage is quite easy to grow these self fertile trees as they require low maintenance. These trees need pruning between April and September to avoid infections and diseases.
Greengages are widely grown in particular in western Europe. The core of their range extends from France to southern England. In Germany, where they are called Reneklode or Ringlotte, numerous cultivars have been developed too. In Poland and the Czech Republic, they are known as ringle, in Hungary as ringló, in Slovakia as ringloty and in Portugal as Raínha Cláudia.
Edible Uses: Greengages are widely grown, typically for stewing in syrup to make a compote. In Portugal, however, they make up a delicacy invented by Dominican nuns in the 16th or 17th century (when confined to their convents) in the town of Elvas, where they are boiled in a sugary syrup several times, over the course of several weeks, to then be preserved whole in syrup or dried, coated in sugar and eaten either with a local dessert, sericaia, made from eggs, sugar, milk, cinnamon and flour or eaten with rich cheeses.
Nutritional Value of Greengage Plum(100g):
Total Fat 0g 0%
Sodium 0mg 0%
Total Carbohydrate 11mg 11%
Dietary Fiber 1g 1%
Protein 1g 1%
Vitamin A 0%
Vitamin C 0%
Health Benefits of Greengage:
*Helps in Digestion
Eating greengage plums will build the fiber content in the body and helps in better absorption. Amid the greengage plum season, it’s great to eat these fruits routinely.
*Helps Avoid Constipation
Because greengage plums are rich in vitamin C and absorbable fiber, this component forestalls blockage and bloating.
*Helps in Strengthening of Immune System
Regular utilization of greengage plums will assist your invulnerable framework to be reinforced. This likewise helps in keeping the body fit as a fiddle and maintains a strategic distance from numerous wellbeing issues as well.
*Helps You Maintain Dental Health
Eating greengage plums will keep up the sound health of gums make teeth more solid and more beneficial. Additionally, it helps in lessening the pain and bleeding of gums and evacuates terrible scent.
*Helps Against Anaemia
Greengage plums help in ingestion of iron, which builds the iron levels in the blood. More than that, it keeps from infections connected with the absence of red platelets on account of the rich substance of vitamin C in the greengage plums.
*Helps in Regeneration of Connective Tissue
Vitamin C is a key component that aids in restoring the connective tissues. This keeps the body more beneficial and fit.
*Getting in shape
The extreme measure of fat in the body is diminished because of expansive measure of vitamin C in the greengage plums. Eating more greengage plums in the will offer you some assistance with reducing the stomach fat and extra weight as well.
*Avoid Internal Damage to body
Because greengage plums are rich in cell reinforcements, they counteract internal harm of the mind and the fat in the circulatory system. The body cells stay ensured, sound and youthful.
*Helps in Respiratory issues
It helps in conditions such asthma, lung disease, icy, hack, incessant lung issues and so forth.
*Helps and Prevents muscle degeneration
Greengage plums will help you to battle age-related issues like muscle degeneration.
Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.