Anthemis Nobilis (Roman Chamomile)

Botanical Name:Anthemis nobilis
Family: Asteraceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Anthemis
Species: A. nobilis
Common Names: Roman Camomile, Chamomile, garden camomile, ground apple, low chamomile, English chamomile,  whig plant,true chamomile,sweet chamomile

Habitat:Europe, North America, and Argentina.

Description:It is a low perennial plant found in dry fields and around gardens and cultivated grounds. It has daisy-like white flowers.The stem is procumbent, the leaves alternate, bipinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous. The solitary, terminal flowerheads, rising 8 to twelve inches above the ground, consist of prominent yellow disk flowers and silver-white ray flowers. The flowering time is June and July, and its fragrance is sweet, crisp, fruity and herbaceous.
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Roman Chamomile resembles German Chamomile. Both Chamomiles are members of the same family. They have pale green feathery leaves and have flowers that resemble daisies with an apple-like fragrance.

The word chamomile comes from Greek  (chamaim?lon), “earth-apple”, from (chamai), “on the ground” + (m?lon), “apple”, so called because of the applelike scent of the plant. (Note: The “ch-” spelling is used especially in science and pharmacology.)

History

-Has been used for over 2000 years in Europe and the Mediterranean
-Mainly in Europe it was used for medicinal purposes, skin care and teas
-Ancient Egyptians is was a sacred flower and was offered to the sun god Ra
-It is on of the nine sacred herbs of the Saxons called ‘maythen’
-It was used to improve air quality and reduce insect population in homes and walkways in the Middle Ages

Culture
The Chamomile is mentioned in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, part 1 ‘The Camomile; The more it is trodden on, the faster it grows’.

Mary Wesley’s novel The Camomile Lawn was also televised in Great Britain in the 1990s.

Key Qualities: restorative, calming, sedative, relaxing, soothing, warming, balancing, comforting, mild, slightly soporific or hypnotic in large doses

Therapeutic Actions: analgesic, anodyne, antibacterial, antidepressant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antineuralgic, antiphlogistic, antipruritic, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, cholagogue, digestant, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, ophthalmic, sedative, stomachic, sudorific, tonic, vermifuge, vulnerary


Medicinal Uses:

-Skin Care: abscesses, acne, allergies, boils, burns, cuts, chilblains, cold sores, dermatitis, earache, eczema, dandruff, hair care, herpes, inflammation, infection, insect bites, psoriasis, rashes, sensitive skin, sores, stings, teething pain, toothache, wounds
-Circulation, Muscles and Joints: arthritis, capillaries (broken), inflamed joint, muscular pain, neuralgia, rheumatism, sprains, strains
-Digestive System: dyspepsia, colic, colitis, cramps (stomach), flatulence, gastritis, indigestion, peptic ulcers, nausea
-Eyes: conjunctivitis
-Genito-urinary System: amenorhea, candida, cystitis, dysmenorrhea, menopausal problems, menorrhagia, PMS
-Immune System: fever, strengthens the Immune system
-Nervous System: anger, anxiety, depression, headache, insomnia, irritability, nervous tension, neuralgia, migraine, stress-related complaints
-Respiratory: allergies, asthma, bronchitis, cough

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It is used for the relief of gastric distress. Peter Rabbit’s mother treated Peter with chamomile tea to alleviate the distress that followed the overindulgence of eating too much in Mr. McGregor’s vegetable garden.

Recommended Daily Dosage
-Three times a day
-3-5 drops externally
-Teething: apply the oil diluted in a small amount of vegetable oil directly to gums using a sterile cotton swab
-Conjunctivitis: add 1drop in ½ cup warm water, apply to eye with a sterile cotton ball. Be sure to use a sterile cotton ball for each eye

Blends
All recipes are mixed with 25 ml oil
-Nervousness: 7 drops chamomile, 3 drops lavender, 3 drops rose
-Sore Muscles: 5 drops chamomile, 4 drops lavender, 3 drops marjoram
-Stomach Soother: 7 drops chamomile, 4 drops ginger, 2 drops cardamon
-Reproductive System: 5 drops chamomile, 4 drops rose, 2 drops geranium

Safety Data
-Nonirritant
-Can cause dermatitis in some people
-Avoid during first trimester of pregnancy
-If client is allergic to Ragweed or other members of the Asteraceae family take extra care

Blends well with the following oils: Benzoin, bergamot, cedarwood, citrus oils, clary sage, frankincense, geranium, jasmine, lavender, marjoram, neroli , patchouli, rose, ylang ylang

Other Uses:
Chamomile is used cosmetically, primarily to make a rinse for blonde hair, and is popular in aromatherapy, whose practitioners believe it to be a calming agent to end stress and aid in sleep.

Folklore
Use of Chamomile dates back as far as ancient Egypt where it was dedicated to their gods.[citation needed] Folk remedies using the plant include treatments for dropsy and jaundice. it was also believed to revive any wilting plant placed near it. The flowers were also used as a dye to lighten hair.

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamaemelum_nobile
http://www.piam.com/mms_garden/plants.html
http://ezinearticles.com/?Roman-Chamomile—Anthemis-Nobilis&id=2134974

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