Alpine Leek(Allium victorialis)

Botanical Name : Allium victorialis
Family :             Alliaceae
Genus    : Allium

Synonyms:-
Homotypic

Cepa victorialis (L.) Moench, Methodus: 243. 1794.
Loncostemon victoriale (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 21. 1837.
Geboscon lanceolatum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 59. 1840.
Geboscon triphylum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 59. 1840), nom. illeg.
Berenice victorialis (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 90. 1866), nom. inval.
Anguinum victorialis (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, n.s., 17: 160. 1869.

Heterotypic

Allium anguinum Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 87. 1902.
Allium convallarifolium Pall. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 184. 1852.
Allium longibulbum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 110. 1867.
Allium plantagineum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 262. 1778.
Allium plantaginense Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 211. 1862.
Allium reticulatum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 119. 1880, nom. illeg.

Vernacular names:-

Deutsch: Allermannsharnisch
Magyar: Gy?zedelmes v. havasi hagyma
Svenska: Segerlök

Habitat  : Europe – Mediterranean to Russia, China, Japan and Korea.   Rocky and stony places in mountains, usually on calcareous soils. Forests, shady and moist slopes, pastures and streamsides at elevations of 600 – 2500 metres in China. Cultivated Beds;

Description:
Bulb growing to 0.6m.
It is hardy to zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf from November to July, in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, insects.

allium
allium (Photo credit: craigie3000)

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Bulb cylindrical, 4-6 cm long; coat reticulate fibrous. Leaves 3-6, petiolate, broadly lanceolate to oval, 10-20 cm long, 4-6 cm broad, shorter than the scape. Pedicels 1-2 cm long. Tepals white to yellow-white, c. 5 mm long, oblong, acute to obtuse. Filaments longer than the tepals, entire, outer narrower, subulate, inner broader, lanceolate. Style exserted. Seeds almost spherical.

The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil.

Cultivation :-
Requires a sunny position in a light well-drained soil. The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply. Most members of this genus are intolerant of competition from other growing plants. Grows well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but it inhibits the growth of legumes. This plant is a bad companion for alfalfa, each species negatively affecting the other. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer.

Propagation:

Seed – best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse or cold frame. It germinates quickly and can be grown on in the greenhouse for the first year, planting out the dormant bulbs in the late summer of the following year if they have developed sufficiently, otherwise grow on in pots for a further year. Stored seed can be sown in spring in a greenhouse. Division in summer after the plants have died down. Fairly easy, though we have found that it is best to pot up the divisions until they are growing away strongly before planting them out into their permanent positions.

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Edible Uses:-
Edible Parts: Flowers; Leaves; Root.

Bulb – raw or cooked.  An onion substitute. The plants are as pungent as garlic. The bulbs are rather small, about 10 – 20mm in diameter, and are produced in clusters on a short rhizome. Leaves – raw or cooked. The stems and leaves are eaten, they are much favoured in Japan. Flowers – raw or cooked.

Medicinal Actions &  Uses:-
Antiscorbutic; Carminative; Diuretic; Vermifuge; Women’s complaints.

The root is antiscorbutic, carminative, diuretic and vermifuge. Used in the treatment of profuse menstruation.

Other Uses:-
Repellent.

The juice of the plant is used as a moth repellent. The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles.

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.plantbuzz.com/Allium/Gallery/summer/im_victorialis_Kemerovo.htm
http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Allium_victorialis
http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Allium+victorialis
http://www.eol.org/pages/1085098?expertise=middle

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