Tinospora cordifolia

Botanical Name :Tinospora cordifolia
Family: Menispermaceae
Genus: Tinospora
Species: T. cordifolia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales

Common Name :Guduchi

SANSKRIT NAME : Guduchi,Madhuparni,Amrita,Chinnaruha,
Vatsadaani,Tantrika,Kundalini,Chakralakshanika

LOCAL NAMES (in India): Giloya, Guduchi (Hindi), Gulancha(Bengali),Tippaatigo (Telugu), Shindilakodi (Tamil), Gulavel (Marathi),Galo (Gujarati),Amrita balli(kannada).

Habitat :Tinospora cordifolia is  indigenous to the tropical areas of India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Description:
The plant is a glabrous climbing shrub found throughout India, typically growing in deciduous and dry forests. The leaves are heart shaped. The succulent bark is creamy white to grey in color, with deep clefts spotted with lenticels. It puts out long, slender aerial roots, often growing on mango or neem trees. Flowers are yellow, growing in lax racemes from nodes on old wood. Fruits are drupes, turning red when ripe………

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Constituents:
The active adaptogenic constituents are diterpene compounds including tinosporone, tinosporic acid, cordifolisides A to E, syringen, the yellow alkaloid, berberine, Giloin, crude Giloininand, a glucosidal bitter principle as well as polysaccharides, including arabinogalactan polysaccharide (TSP). Picrotene and bergenin were also found in the plant. The active principles of Tinospora cordifolia, a traditional Indian medicinal plant were found to possess anticomplementary and immunomodulatory activities.

Medicinal Uses:
Historically administered to increase longevity, promote intelligence, and improve memory and immune function, modern science has shown the herb protects against infections, decreases allergic reactions, and stimulates the immune system by increasing the production of white blood cells.  This herb is a bitter tonic. It has been helpful in eye conditions and as a tissue builder, as well as helping development of the brain and intelligence, and combating premature aging.  It is a constituent of several compound preparations. It is used in fever, urinary disorders, dyspepsia, general debility and urinary diseases. It is also used in treatment of rheumatism and jaundice.  The plant is used in Ayurvedic rasayanas to improve the immune system and the body’s resistance to infections. It is used in general debility, digestive disturbances, loss of appetite and fever in children. It has long been known in Ayurvedic literature as a tonic, vitalizer and a remedy for diabetes and metabolic disorders. It has been used to reduce blood glucose level. The plant has been found effective in preventing fibrous changes and promotes regeneration of the liver from drug induced hepatic toxicity.

Used for the treatment of jaundice, rheumatoid arthritis  and  diabetes.
To treat gout, viral hepatitis, arthopathies and general weakness.   Guduchi is widely used in veterinary folk medicine
As anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic and  anti-allergic .

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.ayurhelp.com/plants/guduchi.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinospora_cordifolia
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_FGH.htm
Tinospora Cordifolia

http://lankachronicle.srilankacoffee.com/health_medicine.html

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