Botanical Name: Eupomatia laurina
Species: E. laurina
Common Names:Bolwarra, Native guava or Copper laurel.
The whole genus known to science includes only two other species, each one only known from occurrences in small localised areas of Australia and separated from each other by over 1,000 km (620 mi). E. bennettii (small bolwarra) occurs only in the north-eastern New South Wales to south-eastern Queensland region and E. barbata (northern small bolwarra) in the Wet Tropics of Queensland.
Habitat: Bolwarra grows naturally in eastern Australia and New Guinea. In Australia, they grow as far south as Nowa Nowa in the humid forests of the warm temperate east of the state of Victoria through eastern New South Wales and Queensland north to tropical Cape York Peninsula. They are one of the ancient lineages of flowering plants, usually growing as part of an understorey in rainforests or humid Eucalypt forests.They are one of the ancient lineages of flowering plants, usually growing as part of an understorey in rainforests or humid Eucalypt forests.
Bolwarra is basiacally flowering plant.It has glossy leaves, oblong–elliptic shaped, from 5 to 20 cm (2 to 8 in) long. The branches bear the globose to urn-shaped fruits of a green external colour, measuring 15–20 mm (0.6–0.8 in) diameter and yellowing when ripe with pale coloured edible jelly flesh inside, interspersed by many non-edible seeds (similar appearance to guava contents). Germination from fresh seed commences after around three weeks and completes after five weeks, with a high level of germination. Cuttings are not advised as a method of regeneration.The flowers have a sweet and fruity perfume, and are followed by edible fruit with a creamy pulp and many seeds like a guava.Fruits when ripe become soft to squeeze, and can be eaten raw or made into jam and jellies. The fruit can also be dried and crushed to use as a flavouring.
It is a tropical rainforest plant, but can easily be grown in any frost free area. It grows to around 3-5 metres tall, but some specimens can be larger still
Edible Uses:The sweet, aromatic fruit is used as a spice-fruit in cooking, being included in beverages, jams and desserts. It is best used in combination with other ingredients that complement its strong flavour, and hence should be considered one of the Australian spices.
Cultivation: In cultivation E. laurina is frost sensitive and prefers a protected, semi-shaded site. It can be propagated from seed or cuttings. Cutting propagated trees produce fruit after two years. Seedlings take four to six years t
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