Herbs & Plants

Kandelia candel

Botanical Name: Kandelia candel
Family: Rhizophoraceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Malpighiales
Genus: Kandelia
Species: K. candel

Synonyms:Kandelia rheedei, Rhizophora candel

Common Names: Goria,Pisang pisang, Berus berus, Beras beras, Pulut pulut

Habitat:Kandelia candel occurs locally on banks of tidal rivers among other mangrove species, but is rather rare. It is found in E. Asia – India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Kandelia candel grows as a shrub or small tree up to 10 metres (30 ft) tall. Its flaky bark is lenticellate and coloured greyish to reddish brown. The flowers are white. The ovoid fruits measure up to 25 cm (10 in) long.


Cultivation & propagation: It grows through seeds.
The salt tolerances and initial growth of Kandelia candel and Rhizophora stylosa of mangrove plants were examined in different salinity conditions. The natural growth of K. candel and R. stylosa seedlings in the Oura and Kesaji Rivers, the effects of a treatment of quick change from fresh water to saline water, and the recovery experiment of nutrient deficiency were researched.

Edible Uses: Not known.

Medicinal Uses:
Local people uses the leaves & bark for different medicinal purposes, but nothing is confirmed scientifically.

Other Uses:
The uses below are specifically for the species Kandelia candel. They almost certainly also apply to this species.
The bark contains up to 17% tannin. It is used for tannin and for dyeing in red and brown colours.The wood is used for temporary constructions, stakes and making enclosures. The wood is used as fuel wood and for charcoal production.


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