Cryptotaenia canadensis japonica

Botanical Name : Cryptotaenia canadensis japonica
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Cryptotaenia
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Apiales

Synonyms: Cryptotaenia japonica Hasskarl; Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) de Candolle var. japonica (Hasskarl) Makino; Cryptotaenia canadensis auct., non (L.) de Candolle; Deringa japonica (Hasskarl) Koso-Poljanski

Common Names:Mitsu-ba  [meaning: three leaves]Japanese wild parsley, stone parsley, honeywort, san ip, and san ye qin, English common nameis Japanese honewort

Habitat ;Native to  Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa . (Other nations) Russia, Korea, China  Grows in Woodland in hills and mountains

Description:
Cryptotaenia canadensis japonica Plants electing 40-60cm tall. Leaves 3 leaflets each 8-16cm long, 8-20cm wide, non hair. Flowers white 2mm, flowering in April to May. Fruits ca. 4-5mm long.ever green  Perennial plant.

It is hardy to zone 5. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.

Cultivation:
Succeeds in most soils, preferring a moist shady position under trees where it often self-sows. The leaves tend to turn yellow when plants are grown in full sun. This species is not winter-hardy in all areas of Britain, though plants can tolerate short periods at temperatures down to -10°c. Mitsuba is commonly cultivated as a vegetable in Japan, there are some named varieties. It is usually grown as an annual. It is closely allied to C. canadensis, and is considered to be no more than a synonym of that species by some botanists. This plant is adored by slugs and snails and must be protected when small or when new growth is emerging in the spring.

Propagation:
Seed – sow April in a greenhouse. Germination is usually rapid, prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer. The ideal temperature for sowing is about 25°c, though seed does germinate at higher and lower temperatures[206]. Seed can also be sown in early autumn[206]. Division in spring or autumn.

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Edible Uses:
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root; Stem.

Edible Uses: Condiment.

Leaves and stems – raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring with a parsley-like flavour if you let your imagination run away with you. Seedlings and young leaves can be used in salads. When cooking, the leaves should not be cooked for more than a couple of minutes or the flavour is destroyed. The leaves contain about 2.3% protein, 0.23% fat, 4.4% carbohydrate, 2.1% ash. Root – raw or cooked. Blanched stem – a celery substitute. The seed is used as a seasoning.

Medicinal Uses:

Febrifuge; Tonic; Women’s complaints.

Women’s complaints. Used in the treatment of haemorrhages, colds, fevers etc[178]. Used as a tonic for strengthening the body.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptotaenia
http://flowers.la.coocan.jp/Umbelliferae/Cryptotaenia%20japonica.htm
http://digedibles.com/database/plants.php?Cryptotaenia+japonica

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