Herbs & Plants

Garrya elliptica

[amazon_link asins=’B00DL0CJ3M,B01MTYDHFL,B01KVOXI62,B01M6CM2HX,B01MYVHMS7,B01KJNX8WO’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’baf8834f-0028-11e7-ac7c-af25091b4557′][amazon_link asins=’B009ZV0SNE’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’673cf825-0028-11e7-a531-f314c6266097′]


Botanical Name: Garrya elliptica
Family: Garryaceae
Genus: Garrya
Species: G. elliptica
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Garryales

Common Names: Coast silk-tassel, Silk tassel bush or Wavyleaf silktassel

Habitat : Garrya elliptica is native to South-western N. America – California to Oregon. It grows in chaparral and forest on dry slopes and ridges below 600 metres.

Garrya elliptica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. It has a multi-furcate branching structure yielding an almost spherical form. Like others of its genus, G. elliptica has opposite leaves with a tough leathery feel, glossy green on top, but paler and duller on the underside. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Nov to February.

The dioecious flowers are concentrated in inflorescences which cascade downward as aments of 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) in length. While it manifests separate male and female plants, the pendant male catkins are much more showy and are grey-green and up to 30 cm (12 in) long; the female ones are shorter and silver-grey. Although the flowers bloom in late winter and early spring, dried bracts remain on the plant well into summer as light gray decorations. The plant has smooth bark, dark-greenish when young, but roughening with age. New twigs are green and moderately stout.

For pistillate flowers, above each small bract there is a solitary flower inside the inflorescence. This plant produces tiny dark seeds. The ripened purplish black fruit of about 1 cm in diameter has a hard desiccated coating, but is rather fleshy on the interior. In the case of stamenate infloresences, there are a total of four stamens per flower; moreover, above each bract pair there is a triplet of flowers. The cultivar ‘James Roof’ has catkins up to 30 cm (12 in) in length.

The unique characteristics of Garrya elliptica are its waxy convex leaves with wavy leaf margins, coupled with dense individual hairs on the leaf undersides that are scarcely distinguishable with a hand lens. Its leaf blades are six to eight centimeters in length, and has petioles which range in length from six to twelve millimeters. For identification purposes Congdon silk-tassel (Garrya congdonii) is most closely related. Congdon silk-tassel has the same leaf appearance, but leaf hairs are distinguishable with a hand lens and both leaf blades and petioles are about two thirds the size of Coast silk-tassel. Both Fremont silk-tassel (Garrya fremontii) and Ashy silk-tassel (Garrya flavescens) have similar fruit characteristics, but have a flat leaf margin.


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Prefers a sunny position succeeding in most well-drained fertile soils. Succeeds in a hot dry position. Succeeds in light shade, the plants are also tolerant of quite deep shade. Does not require a rich soil or abundant moisture, if the soil is too fertile the flowering will be delayed. Plants are resistant to urban pollution and maritime exposure, but they are subject to wind scorch from cold drying winds in colder areas. This species is hardy to about -15°c, it is best on a sunny wall in most parts of the country but does very well as a free standing shrub in Devon and Cornwall. In cold winters and springs the previous year’s leaves may fall before the new leaves are produced. A hedge in a relatively open area at Wisley in Surrey is growing well (1991), as is a plant in a friend’s garden in Stockton on Teesside(1998). All pruning should be carried out in spring before new growth starts but after flowering has ended. Plants are strongly resentful of root disturbance, they should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Seed – best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Very slow, the seed can take 2 or more years to germinate. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm with a heel, August in a frame. Cuttings of mature wood 10 – 12 cm with a heel, December/January in a frame.

Medicinal Uses:
Abortifacient; Antiperiodic; Febrifuge.

The leaves are intensely bitter and are used as an antiperiodic and febrifuge. They can be used as a quinine substitute. An infusion has been used to induce menstruation, probably acting as an abortifacient.
Other Uses:
Dye; Hedge; Hedge; Repellent; Wood.

A hedge in a sheltered position at Wisley in 1991 was very healthy. Makes a good wind shelter. Grey to black dyes are obtained from the berries. The colour varies according to the ripeness of the fruit, green fruits are the best. The bark and leaves are very bitter, a possible insect repellent?. Wood – hard, close-grained. It has been used for fine cabinet work, though its small size and rarity limits its commercial usefulness.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

News on Health & Science

15 House Plants You Can Use As Air Purifiers

[amazon_link asins=’B0076ZJ21K,B0041EGMJ4,B00B7Z0OE4,B004UA4LBU,B006TSIZVI,B01MRDYTX8′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’0299ad08-f38e-11e6-8ac0-0d85a7f7ba37′]

Hereare 15 plants that could clean your air for just the price of a few drops of water each day. First let’s check some of the evidence behind the claim that plants can purify your household air:

1. NASAResearch:

A NASAresearch document came to the conclusion that “house plants can purify and rejuvenate air within our houses and workplaces, safeguarding us all fromany side effects connected with prevalent toxins such as formaldehyde, ammoniaand also benzene.”

2. InteriorPlants: Their Influence on Airborne Microbes inside Energy-efficient Buildings

In another study made in 1996,a bedroom with no plants had 50% more colonies of airborne microbes than a room which contained houseplants.

3. FoliagePlants:  For Indoor Removal of The Primary Combustion Gases Carbon Monoxide andNitrogen Dioxide

During a laboratory experiment in 1985, Dr. Wolverton PHD compared the removal of carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide using asealed chamber of spider plants.

4. DrWolverton – Formaldehyde removal experiment

In anotherlaboratory study by Dr. Wolverton PHD, he compared a number of house plants at removing formaldehyde from a sealed chamber. Formaldehyde is a common household toxin that is released from a variety of household items.

Withreference to the experiments of Dr Wolverton and the NASA experiments,A compiled  list of 15 house plants that provide the greatest level of airpurification.

1. Areca Palm Tree:-

[amazon_link asins=’B00B9Q8OCU,B00BDRCELM,B00LBL3RHU,B017Q0VE1U,B00A2GKSHC,B009N5SYQK,B00FUNLAWY,B0041EGMJ4′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’5aac0458-0612-11e7-946e-6b9cc5483b07′]

Click to see the picture.

The Arecapalm tree is the very best air purifying plant according to the ratings fromNASA’s research and has the 8th highest removal rate for Formaldehyde according to Dr Wolverton’s data. This house plant was referred to as“the most effective air humidifier” by The Areca has the ability to maintain your office or home moist throughout dry periods as well as continually removing chemical toxins from your air. In the course of the winter season, it’s so effective at putting moisture back in the airthat you could switch off your electric humidifiers!

2. Lady Palm:-

[amazon_link asins=’B0041EGMJ4,B0037UMHUQ,B014WVD6FS,B00AD5N0IQ,B000WPABE8,B0076ZJ21K,B01N1WFS85,B01H4PUOEK,B01B1QEYZS’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’3b0075d4-05fd-11e7-8b71-3ffa61826acd’]

Click to see the picture

This houseplant – Lady palm (or Rhapis excelsa) achieved exactly the same rating asthe Areca Palm tree in NASA’s research. This adaptable house plant, canbe stored in dry or moist parts of the world ( between 20-100° Fahrenheit) and is particularly resistant to the majority sorts of plant insects.The Lady Palm is not the most effective at removing Formaldehyde so if this is a concernthen i would suggest you look at another plant.

You may clicl to read more
3. Bamboo Palm:-

[amazon_link asins=’B003PVFZWO,B011XCHRMC,B0041EGMJ4,B00KR74TSA,B00SDWTZ08,B00AD5N0IQ,B00V044YH0,B00BHNV8XM,B000WPABE8′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’68767dc5-05fd-11e7-ab00-351e79b86ac4′]
Click to see the picture
The bamboopalm was the third most powerful plant at removing formaldehyde from the air.It ranked third in the NASA experiment so is a good all rounder at keeping yourroom air clean. This house plant will grow best in a moist but not wet soil andin direct sunlight. However this palm will require lots of room to grow, so itmight not be the best option if want this plant to sit on your desk.
You may click to read more

4. Rubber Plant:-

[amazon_link asins=’B013J9TTYG,B00482TD1S,B00EOQLYEM,B00OALMPH6,B01ERMWBGW,B0076ZJ21K,B00GMIRZIE,B001622202′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’921dcac3-05fd-11e7-94ee-0bca4af62b78′]

Click to see the picture
This rubberhouse plant (Ficus robusta) has been mentioned as one of the leading Twentyplants by Doctor. B.C. “Bill” Wolverton’s “50 Houseplants That Purify Your Home Or Office.” This rubber house plant provides moisture, eliminates bio effluents, takes awayvolatile organic compounds as well as suppresses air based microorganisms assoon as it’s put into a roomAs timepasses this rubber plant will become much more skilled at eliminating toxiccompounds present in the air. Bacteria within the rubber plants leaves break upthe toxins and also feast on them. The procedure subsequently emits clean airin to the surrounding environment. Since the plant grows, these microorganisms increase.This increased number of bacteria assist the rubber house plant in becoming progressively more effective at extracting further toxic compounds from theair.

5. Janet Craig – Dracaena:-

[amazon_link asins=’B00RZL9UKS,B00WNLPO14,B06XB8J7TV,B01AWX3DSK,B06XBB18FQ,B01LXS12KQ,B01577MPJ4,B01FOIVQ5K,1508697213′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’b682a729-05fd-11e7-a2ed-3d4ac945bad9′]
Click to see the picture
The Dracaena(or Dracaena deremensis)places fifth on NASA’s ranking with a 7.8 score. According to datait can remove Formaldehyde, at a rate of 1,328 micrograms per hour. It also removes Xylene, at a rate of 154 micrograms per hour according to

Recommended Placement in Home: These are especially effective in newly carpeted ornewly furnished rooms were formaldehyde levels are at the highest.

Tips to keepthis plant healthy:

*Favours vibrant light, although not direct sunlight.

*Water completely through early spring through the winter season and allow the plant’s soil to dry out in between watering

6. English Ivy:-

[amazon_link asins=’B004B4AB32,B004UQT0JW,B00NOHK45C,B01BFK90JA,B0134VBZEG,B01M7MFBHI,B007O7M2J4,B01N5UI0GV,B0076ZJ21K’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’dd1ab8a0-05fd-11e7-bc0c-f73681bcada1′]
Click to see the picture
If your airflow in your geographical area has got stagnant and dried out, English ivy(also known as Hedera helix) may be just the solution! talks aboutthis effervescent house plant as “a solution for allergic reactions” observing that sixty percent of air based mold within the space was removed after just six hrsright after English ivy had been introduced.People that have allergies, asthma, or even the desire to inhale cleaner, more fresh airmight be wise to give this English ivy plant a shot!

7. Date Palm Tree:-

[amazon_link asins=’B016L46MHI,B00DCE09UC,B01MSI6MBC,B00WOKBCE2′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’c209428c-0601-11e7-a772-a1b304a1c0b9′]

Click to see the picture
Although itdoes not position at the top of the purifying scale when compared to it’s three palm relatives, make no mistake: this Date palm house plant(also known as Phoenix roebelinii) remains an extremely efficient and stylish looking method to both cheer up the design of an area and reduce the content level of volatile organic compounds floating all over the air.

The Datehouse plant is very effective at getting rid of formaldehyde thus works great in combination with other purifier plants (has the second highest removal rateafter the fern plant.)
8. Ficus Alii:-

[amazon_link asins=’B01G62F57S,B0031YW0EQ,B017Q0VCIU,B01D4X7SYK,B01D4X6UO4,B01D4X6KLW,B01D4X6HRO,B01D4X5BP8′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’e2d51a18-0601-11e7-af57-2105d908785a’]
Click to see the picture
This ficusalii (also known as the Ficus macleilandii) isn’t as strong in it’spollutant-removing effectiveness as, say, a rubber plant, however it remains anexcellent addition to any kind of office or home wherever clear air is missing.Although they aren’t terribly difficult to look after, Plant alerts to us that hand protection ought to be used whilst dealing with thehouse plant for those who have latex allergic reactions.

9. Boston Fern:-

[amazon_link asins=’B01ERMWBCG,B01AO1AV30,B001EBIZ42,B016TJK6G8,B00R7AMRE8,B01591UAOA,B002SVV3I2,B000PXZBQ0,B00FUNG3V2′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’065e3d2e-0602-11e7-9fa7-4db18c46269c’]
Click to see the picture
The Bostonfern was the most effective plant at removing Formaldehyde and removed significantly more per hour than the rest of plants examined.Studies havealso shown that the Boston fern will also eliminate heavy metals, such as mercury and arsenic from the soil.
10. Peace Lilly:-

[amazon_link asins=’B000WPABE8,B01ERMWI9M,B00AFBXMKO,B00AO6L55E,B00B7Z0OE4,B0076ZJ21K,B01FRJVMW8,B00JKWZ0OK,B001622202′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’283e92e0-0602-11e7-9e9e-474c1b0c5890′]
The PeaceLily (also known as Spathiphyllumsp.) is a perfect air purifier plant for those who don’t havegreen fingers. Peace Lilies are often found in malls because they are so easyto grow.If youscared you might kill your new house plant then I recommend you go for thisone.
11. Aloe Vera:-

[amazon_link asins=’B01ERMWHTS,B001622202,B00JYNVT7C,B000M4SDP8,B01GF3VHB6,B00D4YK7B6,B000ND5EW8,B018WLMXG2,B00FS217FW’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’5bdf95cd-0602-11e7-9917-2dcd2bb35a60′]
Click to see the picture

Aloe verawas proven to be a lot more effective at the elimination of formaldehyde at lesser concentrations when compared with Philodendrons. Aloe vera is likewisefamous as being a healing plant acknowledged for it’s therapeuticqualities, giving it the majority of its nicknames.

12. Spider Plants:-

[amazon_link asins=’B011XCHRMC,B00482TD04,B006EO502Y,B00OI2AECA,B01M3X0DMN,B00I21BH1K,B01M2BTHAU,B00SX8ED6I,B00SHY2JMI’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’7d8c08e4-0602-11e7-af37-8f91a88ab22e’]
Click to see the picture

The spider plant was used by Dr Wolverton in his 1985 study that examined the plants removal of carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide. In a room with many spiderplants the amount of carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide dropped to near zero after only 24 hours.


[amazon_link asins=’B017SJE9T8,B01M7O8DO0,B01LY0SP1J,B004YNK8JM,B01EEOEVP2,B004HQP5AS,B0199B9402,B00I91B7UY,B01H6O1NZI’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’b4a409fe-0602-11e7-854a-e1115bfd8533′]

Click to see the picture
Thisparticularly attractive house plant was shown to be effective at removing the VOC compound – benzene which has been known to cause cancer.

Many tobaccoproducts contain high levels of benzene so it would be helpful to have one of these plants in a smoking household. However no house plant can ever negate theeffects of tobacco smoke.Remember tobe careful with Chrysanthemum as it is poisonous when ingested or with prolonged skin exposure.
14. Heartleaf  philodendron:-

[amazon_link asins=’B006RODC1M,B0076ZJ21K,B007HCYBS6,B01M32VBH9,B0041EGMJ4,B01090NT44,B06X6JYPS3,B015UNCFNQ,B01B8LXATM’ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’d1efe36a-0602-11e7-9c49-3b1fda543f53′]
Click to see the picture
The showed that the Philodendron house plant was one of the best house plantfor elimination formaldehyde from the surrounding air, especially when working with higher concentrations.

15. Snake Plants or Mother of Law Tongue:-

[amazon_link asins=’B008LCZFIG,B019F61YBI,B00SX8ED6I,B00OI25CTA,B00TIAJ1TO,B012JCMFAE,B00B7Z0OE4,B001622202′ template=’ProductCarousel’ store=’finmeacur-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’f34e5dcb-0602-11e7-98aa-197433b61a84′]
Click to see the picture
Snake houseplants — these types of plants tend to be incredible growers and also extremely tough. They’re excellent at eliminating the majority of toxinsplus they are quite happy to grow in areas where other plants may decline and perish ( say for example a hot window ledge). Also, they are great bathroom and darker area plants.

One Final Point:-
Make sure toMaintain your house plants in a good condition and make sure you have enough ofthem. The NASA research advised that there should be a six inch plant for every100 sq feet of interior living space.
Source: Jan 1 2011: Some of Nasa’s findings

Enhanced by Zemanta