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Botanical Name :Gillenia trifoliata
Species: G. trifoliata
Synonyms: Bowman’s Root. American Ipecacuanha. Gillenia. Indian Hippo. Spiraea trifoliata. Spiraea stipulata.
Common Name : Indian physic
Habitat :Indian physic is native to eastern North America from Ontario to Georgia.
Indian physic is an erect herbaceous perennial plant.It grows to 100 cm (39 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) wide, with 3-palmate leaves and pale pink flowers with narrow petals and reddish calyces above red coloured stems in spring and summer. Its irregular, brownish root gives rise to several stems 2 or 3 feet in height, and has depending from it many long, thin fibres. The leaves and leaflets are of various shapes, and the white, reddish-tinged flowers grow in a few loose, terminal panicles.
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Part Used-: Root-bark.
Constituents: The roots have been found to contain gum, starch, gallotannic acid, fatty matter, wax, resin, lignin, albumen, salts and colouring matter.
Gillenin was obtained by W. B. Stanhope by exhausting coarsely powdered bark with alcohol, evaporating the resulting red tincture to the consistency of an extract, dissolving this in cold water, filtering, evaporating, and finally drying on glass.
Half a grain caused nausea and retching.
Two glucosides were found, Gillein, from the ethereal extract, and Gilleenin, from the aqueous infusion.
Medicinally it is used as Tonic, emetic, slightly diaphoretic, cathartic, and expectorant. The American Indians and early colonists knew the uses of the roots, the action of which resembles Ipecacuanha.
Recommended in dyspepsia, dropsy, rheumatism, chronic costiveness, and whenever an emetic is required. It is safe and reliable.
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.