Heart diseases are becoming common. Why so?
Today, 11 to 12 per cent of the urban and four to five per cent of the rural population are suffering from coronary artery diseases. The percentage is likely to increase every year. The situation in India is worse when compared to other countries.
Many, in their mid-forties, suffer from heart diseases, whereas in the Western countries the age group is higher. This is a malignant form of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). Initially, scientists felt that IHD happened due to genetic problems but later it was found that lifestyle and food habits are also to be blamed.
What should we do to prevent this disease?
Irregular working hours and excessive smoking lead to IHD. One needs to workout regularly. Food habit is another important concern. Junk food and food with preservatives are extremely harmful. Avoid eating red meat, coconut, butter and prawn.
These increase cholesterol in blood and lead to obesity. The other major risk factors are presence of diabetes and high BP.
What are the symptoms of cardiac problem?
The symptoms are very deceptive. In most cases, people can’t differentiate cardiac pain from gastric pain. And there are misconceptions like cardiac pain will always be felt in the left part of the chest. One can feel the pain even in the middle or right side of the chest.
What are the treatments for IHD?
The treatment is three-fold. Sometimes, it can be treated with medicines. Angioplasty is another good option to remove the blockage and when there Is multiple blockage, one has to undergo a bypass surgery.