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Gentiana tubiflora

Botanical Name : Gentiana tubiflora
Family: Gentianaceae
Tribes: Gentianeae
Subtribes: Gentianinae
Genus: Gentiana
Sectio: G. sect. Isomeria
Series: G. ser. Uniflorae
Species: Gentiana tubiflora

Common Names: Tong hua long dan, Ericala tubiflora Wallich, Gentiana longistyla T. N. Ho, Gentiana longistyla T. N. Ho; G. tubiflora var. longiflora Turrill; G. tubiflora var. namlaensis C. Marquand.

Habitat ; Gentiana tubiflora is native to E. Asia – Himalayas from Himachel Pradesh to south-east Tibet. It grows on grassy hillsides, dry hillsides and alpine meadows at elevations of 4200 – 5300 metres. [Bhutan, NW India, Nepal, Sikkim].

Description:
Gentiana tubiflora is a perennial plant 4-5 cm tall. Stolons 2-5 cm, simple to 3branched. Stems erect, simple. Leaves crowded; petiole 3-5 mm; leaf blade oblong to elliptic, 6-9 × 2-3 mm, base narrowed, margin cartilaginous and ± ciliate, apex acute to obtuse and sometimes caudate; vein 1, abaxially indistinct. Flowers solitary. Calyx tubular to narrowly obconic, tube (0.8-)1.2-1.5 cm; lobes ovate to triangular, 4-7 mm, margin usually ± ciliate, apex acute and sometimes caudate, midvein indistinct. Corolla dark blue, unspotted, tubular, (2.5-)3.2-4.2 cm; lobes 4-6 mm, ovate, margin entire, apex obtuse; plicae obliquely truncate, 1-1.5 mm, margin erose. Stamens inserted at middle of corolla tube; filaments (4-)6-10 mm; anthers linear, 1.5-2.5 mm. Style filiform, 1.2-1.4 cm, longer than ovary; stigma lobes oblong. Capsules ellipsoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 0.9-1.3 cm; gynophore to 4 cm. Seeds brown, ellipsoid, 0.7-1 mm; seed coat with simple pits.

It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bumblebees, butterflies.
CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES

Medicinal Uses:
The entire plant is used in Tibetan medicine, it is said to have a bitter taste and a cooling potency. Antidote, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge, it is used in the treatment of headaches and redness of the eyes, inflammation of the throat and inflammation of the gall bladder giving rise to yellowish skin.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Gentiana_tubiflora
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018119
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Gentiana+tubiflora

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Chaerophyllum villosum

Botanical Name : Chaerophyllum villosum
Family  : Umbelliferae/Apiaceae
Subfamily: Apioideae
Genus    : Chaerophyllum
Order: Apiales
Tribus: Scandiceae
Species: Chaerophyllum villosum
Common name:Mithi patis, Hairy Chervil , Hindi: Khelti , Nepali:  Chyaum


Habitat  :
E. Asia – Himalayas from India to Bhutan, Nepal and China.   Moist shady places at elevations of 2100 – 3500 metres in Nepal. Forests, road sides or open grassy places at elevations of 2100 – 2800 metres in southwestern China.

This species is globally distributed in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan between an altitude range of 2100-3600 m. Within India, it has been recorded in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh (Lahaul – Spiti Frequent on moist slopes. Jispa), Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and in Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya between an altitude range of 1200-1800 m.


Description :

Hairy Chervil is a perennial herb up to 60 cm tall, velvety.
Roots are elongated, fusiform. Lower stem is densely hairy, hairs white, deflexed. Leaves are 2-3-pinnate, velvety; pinnae finely divided; leaf sheaths of the upper leaves inflated. Involucral bracts are absent. White or pale pink flowers are borne in umbels. Rays are 6-10, smooth to velvety. Involucel of 5-6 linear to lanceolate bractlets; margins white, ciliate or entire. Fruit is cylindrical, 6-9 mm long, narrowed at the tip – 2-6 fruits are borne in an umbellet.

click to see.

It is hardy to zone 0. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.

Cultivation:
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it could succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. One report says this is an annual plant. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in almost any soil, though it prefers a moist soil.

Propagation
:
Seed – these notes are based on C. bulbosum, they might not apply to this species. Best sown in the autumn in situ. The seed has a very short viability or, according to another report, the seed becomes dormant if allowed to dry out and will not germinate for a year. If stored for a spring sowing it should be kept in damp sand in a cold but frost-free place and then sown in situ in March. Another alternative is to sow the seed in the autumn in a seed tray in a cold frame and then to sow the seed, soil and all, in early April in situ.

Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.  Tender young leaves and shoots – cooked.

Medicinal Uses
Not known

Resources:
http://server9.web-mania.com/users/pfafardea/database/plants.php?Chaerophyllum+villosum
http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Chaerophyllum_villosum
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Hairy%20Chervil.html
http://vaniindia.org.whbus12.onlyfordemo.com/herbal/plantdir.asp

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