Categories
Herbs & Plants

Baikal Skullcap

Botanical Name :Scutellaria baicalensis
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Scutellaria
Species: S. baicalensis
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales

Common Name :Baikal Skullcap, Baical, Huang Qin, Skullcap Root

 

Habitat :Native to Lake Baikal, Mongolia, Siberia, and parts of China & Korea

Description:Baikal Skullcap is a perennial flowering plant. It is an herbaceous ground cover, quite low growing despite the picture of the flower. The stems spread along the ground and then turn upwards at the tip so the base can spread 24″ but the height is only about a foot.

.click to see the pictures

Germination: Grow from seeds indoors starting in early spring and transplant outdoors in summer.

Plant: full sun to shade. Baikal skullcap is drought tolerant once established.

Flowers: August. Collect seeds in September.

Harvest: the roots of 3-4 year old plants in spring or autumn.

Zone: hardy to zone 5, survives temperatures as low as -23°C or -9°F

Soil: well-drained soil that does not dry out

Constituents:Flavone glycosides ,Baicalein ,Baicalin ,Wogonin ,flavones

 

Medicinal Actions & Uses:
Action:

*anti-allergic [helps with allergies]
*anti-bacterial [an agent that destroys bacteria; bactericide]
*anti-coagulant [an agent that prevents the formation of clots in a liquid, as in blood]
*anti-inflammatory [an agent to ease inflammation]
*anti-microbial [an agent that destroys microbes]
*antioxidant [contributing to the oxidation of free radicals which are believed to contribute to premature aging and dementia]
*bitter and cold [applied to bitter tasting drugs which act on the mucous membranes of the mouth and stomach to increase appetite and promote digestion]
*diuretic [an agent that increases the volume and flow of urine which cleanses the urinary system]
*sedative (mild) [a soothing agent that reduces nervousness, distress or irritation]
*vasodilator [an agent that widens the blood vessels, lowering blood pressure]

Medicinal Part used: Root

Baical Skullcap is commonly used for:

Allergic Conditions

*allergic and inflammatory diseases
*allergic rhinitis
*hay fever
*inhibits prostaglandin production and histamine release
Blood Conditions

inhibits collagen and arachidonic acid induced platelet aggregation

Cardiovascular Conditions

*atherosclerosis
*hypertension

.
Gastrointestinal Conditions

*bacillary dysentery
Immune system Conditions

*acute infections
*autoimmune diseases
*chronic infection
*retroviruses, e.g. herpes, HIV etc.

Inflammatory Conditions

*chronic inflammation

.
Liver Conditions

*cholecystitis
*hepatitis

.
Metabolic Conditions

cataract and diabetes complications
Pregnancy

*abnormal fetal movements
*toxemia in pregnancy

.
Respiratory Conditions

*acute bronchitis
*asthma
*colds

.
Other

*clears heat and damp heat
*leukemia
*scarlet fever
*tumors

.
Externally

*acne vulgaris
*eczema
*peridontal disease
*urticaria

Dosage:

Recommended dosage is as follows:

2-6g/day dried root
4-12mL/day 1:2 fluid extract

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.robsplants.com/plants/ScuteBaica
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellaria_baicalensis
http://www.globalherbalsupplies.com/herb_information/baical_skullcap.htm

http://www.botanicalgarden.ubc.ca/potd/2007/12/scutellaria_baicalensis_1.php

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Categories
Herbs & Plants

Scutellaria baicalensis

Botanical Name :Scutellaria baicalensis
Family: Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Genus: Scutellaria
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Species: S. baicalensis
Synonyms : S. macrantha. Fisch.
Common Name : Baikal Skullcap,  Scutellaria lateriflora,  Skullcap

Etymology confusion:
It is important to note the Latin name of the Skullcap being used as there are over 200 varieties, some used for various ailments, each with varying degrees of effectiveness. Sometimes Scutellaria lateriflora (North American Skullcap) is mistaken for Scutellaria baicalensis (Baikal Skullcap). This confusion can result in the intake of the lateriflora variety which is often processed and contaminated with other plants with high enough levels of toxicity to be of concern.

Habitat :Native to North America.Grows in E. Asia – China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia. Sandy and rocky places near the sea shore. Sunny, grassy slopes and waste ground from 100 – 2,000 metres above sea level.

Description:
Scutellaria baicalensis is a perennial herb ,growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). It is a  species of flowering plant.
It is hardy to zone 5. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.

click to see the pictures….(01)…....(1)...(2).…….(3)..…...(4).
The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.

Cultivation:
Succeeds in a sunny position in any ordinary garden soil that does not dry out during the growing season. Prefers a light well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. This species requires sharp drainage and, once established, is drought tolerant. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c. A very ornamental plant.

Propagation :
Seed – sow outdoors in situ in late spring If there is only a small quantity of seed it is better to sow it in a pot in a cold frame in early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring just before new growth begins. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Edible Uses:
Edible Parts: Leaves.

Young leaves – cooked as a vegetable. The whole plant is dried and used as a tea substitute.

Medicinal Uses:
Anodyne;  Antibacterial;  Anticholesterolemic;  Antipyretic;  Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Cholagogue;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  FebrifugeHaemostatic;
Laxative;  Nervine;  Sedative;  Stomachic;  TB;  Tonic.

Baikal skullcap is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs and is used primarily in treating “hot and damp” conditions such as dysentery and diarrhoea. It has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years and recent research has found that the roots contain flavonoids that greatly enhance liver function and also have anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic effects. The root is anodyne, antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, astringent, cholagogue, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, haemostatic, laxative, nervine, mildly sedative, stomachic and tonic (for TB). It reputedly calms the foetus in pregnant women. The root is used internally in the treatment of enteritis, dysentery, diarrhoea, jaundice, chronic hepatitis, urinary tract infections, hypertension, threatened miscarriage, nosebleed and haemorrhage from the lungs or bowel. It is one of the ingredients of the Chinese drug ‘injection of three yellow herbs’. The root is harvested in the autumn or spring from plants 3 – 4 years old and is dried for later use. The seed is used to cleanse the bowels of blood and pus.

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi contains wogonin, a flavone which was found in one study to have anxiolytic properties in mice at doses of 7.5 to 30 mg/kg, without exhibiting the sedative and muscle-relaxing properties of benzodiazepines.

It also contains baicalin, another flavone.

You may click to see :
Anticancer Activity of Scutellaria baicalensis and Its Potential Mechanism :
What Are the Medical Uses of Scutellaria Baicalensis?

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Resources:
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Scutellaria+baicalensis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellaria_baicalensis
http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/2007/12/scutellaria_baicalensis_1.php